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What comes after remix?
Transcript of What comes after remix?
Paige & Tony
What is mash-up?
“a website or application that combines content from more than one source into an integrated experience.” (Wikipedia)
Terms used to describe Remixing
One term that is sometimes used to talk about these practices in non-music areas is “appropriation.” It was first used to refer to New York post-modern artist who reworked older photographic images. Manovich argues that the term never completely left its original art world context. He says that remixing is a better term because it suggests a systematic reworking of the source which the meaning of appropriation does not have.
Remix culture seems unchallenged, in order to be prepared for the next culture we must understand the remix era which will enable us to be in a better position to recognize and understand whatever new era will replace it.
We are now living in remix culture
A few examples of how remix continues to expand
Publish speed of mash-ups Web applications
Original definition of remixing:
Lev Manovich says it had a precise meaning that has gradually become diffused.
defines remixing as a mix and re-record of element in a musical recording in a different way.
no Wikipedia page
for remixing only remix. That only talks about the musical sense as well.
Remixing is officially accepted in the realm of commercial music but in other cultural areas it is seen as violating the copyright and therefore stealing.
The other older term commonly used across media is “quoting”. Quoting refers to inserting fragments from old texts into new one. Manovich argues this term should be more linked to sampling rather than remixing.
Sampling makes remixing possible
Remix culture has arrived
Electronic pop music revolves along with developments in pop visual culture. Electronic editing equipment such as switcher, keyer, paintbox, and image store extends the degree of usage of remixing and sampling. World wide web’s electronic remixed documents unfolds the remix culture.
in electronic music
1. Musical samples are arranged in
2. The nature of sound allows musicians to mix
pre-existent sounds in a variety of ways.
3. Electronic musicians can
their works beforehand as something that will be remixed, sampled, taken apart and modified.
What comes after remix?
Will it be still psychologically possible to create a new aesthetics that does not rely on excess sampling?
This is the age of the remix
Remix extends beyond culture and internet.
Evolution of remixing practice
DJ Culture Ulf Poschardt singles out
in the evolution of remixing practice.
In 1972, DJ Tom Moulton
made disco remixes, they show a chaste treatment of the original song. He worked the rhythmic elements of disco songs. He used various elements of the sixteen or twenty-fourth track master tapes and remixed them.
DJs started to ask other DJs for remixes, treatment of the original material became much
The first dance remix
Walter Gibbons provided the dance version of the first commercial 12-inch single ("Ten Percent", by Double Exposure).
defines sampling as the uninhibited use of digital sound recording as a
central element of composition.
The practice of montage and collage
in sampling technology in the twentieth-century have become industrialized. He argues these terms because they have come from literary and visual modernism they
cannot adequately describe new electronic music.
Example of changes: Re-creation of fashion
2. What do you think comes after remix?
3. Can you think of anything that completely original today?
1. What do you think of when you hear the term remix?
4. Do you think the fact that we live in a post-modernist era is relevant to remix culture?
2007 this website listed a total of 1511 mash-ups. It is estimated that the average of 3 new mash-ups Web-applications are being published every day.