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Diseases and Conditions of the Muscular System

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Alice Hyatt

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Diseases and Conditions of the Muscular System

Diseases and Conditions of the Muscular System
Cramps/Spasms
*Can be result of prolonged physical activity, excessive fluid/electrolyte loss, menstruation
S/S sudden, severe, involuntary muscle contractions
Dx: Pt. hx. and physical exam as well as blood work for electrolyte imbalance
Tx: Rest from specific task, rehydration, passive stretching, and electrolyte replacement
Strains (tears)
*Acute injury, chronic overuse, or disease
S/S Varies w/ severity, pain, stiffness, bruising, weakness, loss of function
Dx: Physical exam, xray, pt. hx.
Tx: Acute: depends on severity, PRICE, pain relievers, heat, PT, surgery
Chronic: PRICE, PT, anti-inflamatories, ultrasound
Tendonitis
* Acute injury, chronic overuse, or disease
S/S Varies with severity, pain, stiffness, bruising, weakness, loss of function
Dx: Physical exam, xray, pt. hx.
Tx: Acute: Dependson severity, PRICE, pain relievers, heat, PT, surgery
Chronic:PRICE, PT, anti-inflamatories, ultrasound
Shin Splints
*Repetitve Lower Body exercise such as running
S/S Pain in the tibia region
Dx: Pt. hx. and physical exam
Tx: Ice Packs, anti-inflamatories, decrease the intensity of exercise, avoid hills and change shoes
Fibromyalgia Syndrome
*Unknown
S/S Chronic pain, bilateral tenderness, fatigue, sleep disorders, depression, exercise intolerence
Dx: Location of pain
Tx:Symptom management, some helped by antidepressants, exercise, and pain relievers
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
* Genetic defect in muscle protein
S/S Muscle weakness in early stages,later significant progressive muscle weakness
Dx: Physical exam, genetic tests, EMG, muscle biopsy
Tx: No real treatment; symptom management and palliative care
Myasthenia Gravis
* Autoimmune attack at neuromuscular junction
S/S Progressive, fluctuating muscle weakness, often starting with facial or eye muscles
Dx: Blood tests, EMG
Tx: Steroids, immunosuppressant drugs, plasma exchange, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
Tetanus (Lock jaw)
* Bacterial infection ( clostridium tetani)
S/S Progressive descending muscle spasms, paralysis, stiffness, pain (esp. in jaw)
Dx: Physical exam, lab tests
Tx: Wound hygiene, tetanus antitoxin, sedation, ventilator support, pain management
Smile!!!!!!!
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