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Second Treatise on Government

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Abby Dunham

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Second Treatise on Government

John Locke
Charles Brockden Brown
"The first and fundamental positive law of all commonwealths is the establishing of a legislative power; as the first and fundamental natural law, which is to govern even the legislative itself, is the preservation of the society, and (as far as will consist with the public good) of every person in it"
How does this quote relate to Edgar Huntly or the U.S. Constitution?
"Which, however free, is full of fears and continual danger: and it is not without reason, that he seeks out, and is willing to join in society with others, who are already united, or have a mind to unite, for the mutual preservation of their lives, liberties and estates, which I call by the general name, property."
"When his own preservation comes not in competition, ought he, as much as he can, to preserve the rest of mankind, and may not, unless it to be to do justice to an offender, take away, or impair the life, or what tends to the preservation of the life, the liberty, health, limb, or goods of another." (Chapter II-Section 6-last sentence)
Excerpts from "Second Treatise on Government"
Charles Brockden Brown grew up in America during the American revolution.
He grew up in a Quaker family .
Brown always had political interests.
His political interests were reflected in his book
Edgar Huntly
"...every man hath a right to punish the offender, and be executioner of the law of nature."
Constitutional Influence
-Amendment 6 Right to a Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses
-Right to punish the offender granted in a public trial by an impartial jury

Constitutional Influence
"And all this to be directed to no other end, but the peace, safety, and public good of the people."
How does this quote relate to the U.S. Constitution or Edgar Huntly?
Humans can be seen as inhumane and evil due to their negative intentions

Similarities in
Edgar Huntly
Edgar Huntly kills a panther
Reveals his human nature
His actions were not justified in this particular case
Founding Fathers' Ideas
"...that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions..."
-Connects to the Declaration of Independence

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by
their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit
of Happiness."

-Founding fathers' ideas of equality, independence, life, liberty, and possessions

By: Abby, Gabby, and Tabby

-Edgar Huntly killed Native Americans because he viewed this statement differently
-Amendment 1 protects freedom of religion, press, and expression
-Many people of the time interpreted the freedom and equality the founding fathers fought for differently

-Amendments 13, 15, and 19 protect rights of African Americans and Women
Edgar Huntly and the Constitution
Sixth Amendment

Right to a public trial
Guarantees the rights of criminal defendants
Right of the accused to confront their accusers
Focuses on the concept of natural rights
John Locke stated that everyone is born with rights
Government can be overthrown
Ninth Amendment
People have more rights than what is specifically listed in the Constitution
Strict interpretation
Natural rights are retained by the people
Constitution protects the natural rights of humans by its Bill of Rights
"Every man upon this score, by the right he hath to preserve mankind in general, may restrain, or where it is necessary,
destroy things noxious to them
, and so may bring such evil on any one, who hath transgressed that law." (Chapter II-Section 8)
Edgar Huntly killed several Indians because he wanted to save himself and Mary
He believed his actions were justified because he did it for self-defense
Correlates to natural rights
Edgar Huntly
Do you think that his actions were justified?

Do you think his actions were justified when he killed the Indians?
Do you think his actions were justified when he killed the panther?
Do you think his actions were justified when he killed the Indians?
He was an Englishman.
He wrote about political philosophies.
He believed people have natural rights.
His ideas were new to England.
His ideas of natural rights are seen in the Constitution of the United States.
How does this quote parallel the Constitution?
Preamble of the Constitution
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The preamble states the Constitution is made in order to protect their liberties.
The quote argues the point that people will join together to protect their liberties.
Do you think people should should have the right to punish their offenders ?

Should this right have parameters and follow and type of law or should people act off of whims?

What do you think Locke and the founding fathers intended when they made these statements?
How are these documents similar?
They both promote the good, freedom, and safety of the people
Relate to the preamble of the Constitution
John Locke believed in these rights and liberties and influenced the documents and thoughts of the founding fathers
Full transcript