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Transcript of SE ASIA
CH. 29--THE MAINLAND
-Tropical and Subtropical
PLANTS AND ANIMALS
-New species still being discovered here
-Logging is the biggest industry (trees are a valuable resource)
40,000 Years Ago-Modern Humans Arrive
1500's-Beginning of Colonialism in SE ASIA
-Each Country has one dominant culture group
-Wide range of development
-Cambodia and Laos are very poor
-Thailand and Vietnam are emerging economies
-Most people live in rural areas and subsistance farm
-Cities are growing rapidly
-Bangkok (7 Million) is the largest city in the region
-Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) is Vietnams largest city and
a major industrial center
-Due to the fertile soil and water resource, the river valleys
of this region are good for paddy farming--and are very crowded
-More than half of the worlds RICE comes from this region
-A variety of other crops are grown as well (Sugarcane, pineapple,
-Thailand is the worlds leading producer of RUBBER
-Corruption and Dictatorships
-Mountains spread east from the Himalayas
-MOSTLY in Northern SE ASIA
-Much of Thailand and Cambodia
-Located in Central SE ASIA
Klongs (canals used for transport)
Kampongs (houses built on stilts
Irrawaddy, Chao Phraya, Hong, and Mekong
Major form of transportation
-Many ARBOREAL, or
tree dwelling, animals
-Rivers have potential for hydroelectric power
-Many other resources such as oil, natural gas, sapphires, tin, and iron
-Buddhism spreads to region from India
-1200's-The Thais migrate to SE Asia from China,
-The Khmer were originally HINDU
-Built Angkor Wat, a huge temple that exhibits
their advanced society
800's through 1100's-Khmer was the dominant group in SE ASIA
3,000 Years Ago-Rice Farming and Animal Domestication
Post WWII-Independence not easy. Civil War in Vietnam
became an international struggle against the
WWII-Most of region falls under Japanese control
1800's-French and British built plantations, roads,
railroads, schools, introduced Christianity
Burma (Myanmar) was a British Colony
Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam were French
Only Siam (Thailand) was not colonized
-Support a wide variety of wildlife
-Monsoon seasons lead to typhoons (Hurricanes)
-Buddhism is the major religion, with small pockets
of Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, and Animist religions.
-Each country has its own language, but English and
French are still spoken throughout the region.
-Many of the cities in SE ASIA have large Chinese pop.
-Most of these cultures have been influenced by
-Burmans, Thais, Khmer, Lao, Vietnamese
-All countries of SE ASIA are part of ASEAN--Association of South East
-Vietnam and Laos are Communist countries, but both have
become more capitalist in recent years
-Myanmar is rich in resources, but is under a military "Junta"
and there is very little freedom
-Vietnam and Laos are trying to find the balance between being
communist countries, but allowing some capitalism
-Aung San Suu Kyi, won the Nobel Prize in 1991 for her ability to
stand up to the "junta"
-Myanmar has been controlled by a military gov't since 1962
People have very few freedoms
People of Cambodia were basically enslaved, more than 1 million killed
-Cambodia still feeling the effects of the Khmer Rouge, led by
Pol Pot, from 1975-1979.