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Transcript of Haida Tribe
The Haida tribe lived in the pacific northwest near Alaska and in BC, also known as the Haida Gwaii. Their houses were long and rectangular plank houses that houses housed 7 families(50 people). Plank houses were made of cedar bark that and could be built up to 100 feet long. Haida people do not live in these today but they still use them for rituals and ceremonies. Haida moccasins What do The Haida people wear? The Haida men would wear breech clouts and long cloaks, women would usually wear knee length skirts and poncho like cloaks. Most Haida people prefer to go bare foot but when it came to winter they would wear moccasins and caribou skin robes. On special occasions they would wear tunics, leggings, and cloaks with painted on designs. Most clothes were made from woven cedar fiber but some are made from deer skin and otter skin. The Haida women would wear their hair down long and loose. Most men would wear their hair up in topknots (also known as a bun, like northwestern indians). Some Haida people today still wear traditional clothes but most prefer to wear regular clothes. Men's cloak Men's breech clouts Haida BOYS and GIRLS
Haida boys and girls mostly did chores with their mothers but they did have time to play. They did have dolls and other toys but they did not get to use them too often. What Were Their Roles? The Haida men mostly fished and hunted for food for their families. Some men would even go to war to protect their families. Women took part in more of the chores. They would weave baskets and cloth and do most of the child care and cooking. Both gender would take part in creative activities such as: storytelling, artwork and music. All though the Haida chief was always a man, women held important roles as clan leaders. Today Haida children play and go to school like us, most do not follow their traditional roles. Haida Food Haida people would normally rely on hunting, fishing and gathering plants as their main source of food. Their main supply of fish would come from the Pacific Ocean. Women would gather herbs, shellfish, seaweed, berries and roots. Haida men caught fish and small sea mammals. They also hunted land animals like birds deer and small game, but during the fall they would catch nearly 1000 salmon which would be eaten or dried and kept for the winter. They also had to go to the Nass River to trade with the Nisga people for Eulachon fish which was used to squeeze out their precious oil. What Did They Use For Hunting? For fishing they would use nets, harpoons, bone fish hooks and wooden fish traps, in order to use fishing weapons they would have to sail out on canoes. For hunting they would use bow and arrows, trappers and snares. harpoon bone fish hook snare The Haida tribe would generally live near water since it is has their main source of food: fish and aquatic mammals. Since the Haida tribe got their salmon from the Pacific Ocean the provinces that are closest to that body of water are British Columbia and the Yukon Territory. That's why they are also known as the The Northwestern People since they used to reside in the northwest. Main Water Source The Haida people did mostly basket weaving and all sorts of wood carvings. Wood Carvings consisted of masks wood carved art and totem poles. What Did the Haida do For Crafts? The first image is a basket, the second is a wooden carving, the third is a Haida mask and the fourth is their version of a bear totem. Storytelling There are lots of traditional stories from the Haida tribe, storytelling was very important to the Haida people and their way of life. Some legends are: Salmon Boy, The Mouse Women Trilogy (a retelling of several legends) and The Day The Sun Was Stolen. Those are just a few, there are many more to read. The Haida tribe mostly educated their generations through stories,songs and legends. They had stories about why certain things happened or why certain things occured like why the seasons changed or how the very First Tribe appeared on Earth. They respect the symbol of a Raven since they believe that the Raven created the world. That's why the Shaman's or the Medicine Men have the ability to cure ill by communicating with the spirit world and asking the spirits to cure the sick. It was their job to make sure that there was always enough food and good weather for the year. They often had important ceremonies that were called Potlach ceremonies. The ceremony was usually to change someone's social status like if someone got married, died, birth and maybe even if someone become the required age for something. Ceremonies, Rituals and Religion OUR RESOURCES http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc5.html www.google.com/images http://www.bigorrin.org/haida_kids.htm