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Psilocybin Mushrooms

Hannah & Anna's nervous system project
by

Hannah Giordano

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Psilocybin Mushrooms

What is Psilocybin? Title.... Symptoms Title... Title Title Effects How are Psilocybin Mushrooms used? Title How does Psilocybin affect the senses/emotion Title How they affect the senses/emotions Time or movement may appear to speed up or slow down. Sights and sounds may be distorted. Stationary objects may appear to move, breathe or take on altered forms. The sight of a color may trigger the perception of a sound or smell, or vice-versa. Psilocybin (magic mushrooms) is a drug produced from Psilocybe mexicana mushrooms, which have hallucinogenic properties, originally used in Mexican Indians religious ceremonies. -Time or movement may appear to speed up or slow down
-Sights and sounds may be distorted
-Stationary objects may appear to move, breathe or take on altered forms
-The sight of a color may trigger the perception of a sound or smell, or vice versa Short-term effects:
-Nasea
-Distorted perceptions (of sound, taste, smell, and sight)
-May feel anxiety (if it is a 'bad trip')
-Numbness of tongue, lips, or mouth
-Dizziness
-Sweating or shivering Long-term effects:
- Hallucinations later on, even after taking the drug ("flashbacks")
-May trigger or aggravate disorders such as Schizophrenia, Mania, or Depression
-If the experience was unpleasant, the person may have that fear the rest of their lives -eaten
-brewed
-consumed as tea -produces yawning
-unable to concentrate
-restlessness
-increased heart rate
-hallucinations(visual and auditory)
These symptoms will come about 30 to 60 minutes after ingesting the mushrooms and will last up to 4 hours or so "The Aztecs used the term "teonanacatl" meaning "flesh of the gods" to describe hallucinogenic mushrooms. Historians have proposed that Aztec spiritual leaders used these hallucinogens to induce an altered state of consciousness that they believed would allow them to communicate with their gods and other spirits." Fun(gi) Fact!! Why do people take Psilocybin? People take Psilocybin because it is a hallucinogen, and it is said to leave one with a feeling of euphoria and physical tingling. It also taken as a less dangerous more natural alternative to LSD. The effects last up to 5 hours with just a small dose. Is it addictive? Psilocybin is not a habit forming drug, because over time one's system becomes tolerant to the drug and the affects will no longer occur. How does it affect the nervous system? Psilocybin blocks serotonin in the brain while on a "trip". There is also evidence that it reduces the brains ability to re-uptake serotonin leaving the neurotransmitter more time to act in a synapse. Possible Medicinal Benefits for Cancer Patients A study by UCLA researches has shown that Psilocybin can be used to ease anxiety in terminal cancer patients. Volunteers after this study required less pain medication and had an improved mood. It's hallucinogentic properties allowed the volunteers to space out and get away from their thoughts of dying. Brown university health. In Brown University. Retrieved from http://brown.edu/Student_Services/Health_Services/Health_Education/alcohol,_tobacco,_&_other_drugs/psilocybin.php , Freeman, S. (2009, February 25). How stuff works. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/magic-mushroom.htm , Szalavitz, M. (2012, December 07). ‘magic mushroom’ drug shows promise in treating addictions and cancer anxiety. Retrieved from http://healthland.time.com/2012/12/07/magic-mushroom-drug-shows-promise-in-treating-addictions-and-cancer-anxiety/ , http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/mushrooms , Chudler, E. (n.d.). Neuroscience for kids. Retrieved from http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/mush.html , Sakuda, P. (2010). Magic mushrooms may ease anxiety for cancer patients facing death. [0]. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-20015660-10391704.html, (n.d.). Psicolybin mushroms. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/Golden_teacher_kookoskuidussa.jpg, (n.d.). dried psilocybin mushrooms. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.marijuana-215.org/graffix_bongs/Philosophers_Stones_Mushrooms.jpg , (n.d.). psilocybin molecule and serotonin molecule. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=46067.0;attach=17222;image
(n.d.). psycological trip. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/files/u216/Another%20Acid%20Trip.jpg Sources
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