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Transcript of Spartacus
LITR 201: World Literature Through the Renaissance
Professor Carolyn Charron
Spartacus was born in Thrace as a free man, who served in the auxiliary for the Roman army in Macedonia. Spartacus later deserted the army and was declared an outlaw. When he was ultimately captured, he was sold into slavery and ended up in the Gladiatorial school of Batiatus.
Spartacus eventually escaped the school with 70-80 other gladiators, and raised an army of slaves to fight against the Roman Republic in the Third Servile War. He shared command with two gauls, Crixus and Oenamus.
Spartacus and his slave army were ultimately defeated, with Spartacus losing his life in 71 BC, with Pompey claiming victory.
Spartacus in Popular/Other Culture
Film and Television
1960 film 'Spartacus' by Stanley Kubrick
2004 film 'Spartacus' starring Goran Višnjić
BBC Docudrama episode about Spartacus
TV series 'Spartacus' starring Andy Whitfield and Liam McIntyre on Starz
Film and Television
'Spartacus' by Howard Fast
'The Gladiators' by Arthur Koestler
'Spartacus' by Lewis Gibbon
'Uczniowie Spartakusa' (Spartacus' Disciples') by Halina Rudnicka
'The Last Words of Spartacus' by Amal Donkol
Bulgarian Football Clubs PFC Spartak Varna, PFC Spartak Pleven, FC Spartak Plovdiv
Slovakian Football Club Spartak Trnava
Russian Football Club FC Spartak Moscow
Russian Spartak Sport Society
Soviet version of Olympic Games
(Sparks, B), (BBC)
Bergersen, T. (Composer). (2011). Army of Justice. [T. S. Hell, Performer]
History Net: Where History Comes Alive - World & US History Online,. 'Spartacus'. N.p., 2015. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.
Schiavone, Aldo. Spartacus. Trans. Jeremy Carden. Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 2013. Retrieved from http://apus-agent.auto- graphics.com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/MVC/#fullrecord/fr/spartacus/14e1109a-6aa8-4eb9-ab27- 73b490876348,0,20,0,1,ebk,1/652/0
Sparks, B. (2012, July 10). Spartacus' War: The Great Roman Gladiator Revolt,
73-71 BC. Retrieved from The Warfare Historian: http://warfarehistorian.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/spartacus-war-73-71-bc-great-gladiator.html
Staff, B. (2014). Spartacus (died 71 BC). Retrieved from BBC.co.uk: http://
Staff, U. (2015). Third Servile War. Retrieved from UNRV History: http://
The story of Spartacus changes very little, as the event is historical rather than mythical in nature.
Spartacus has been portrayed across varying mediums, such as film, television, art, and literature.
There are no major changes to the legend of Spartacus despite the fact that so much time has passed. This can be attributed to the fact that the literacy rate in Rome was high.
The high literacy rate ensured that history was recorded, which mitigated the creation of outlandish stories that would become myth.
The literacy rate also helps in understanding the legend of Spartacus.
Despite the fact that Spartacus is more historical than mythical, there is no denying that his existence has made an impact on not only history, but all forms of art as well.
Film and television alone have made certain that the legendary figure Spartacus is not soon forgotten.