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South African Music
Transcript of South African Music
Did you know?: Drums were not actually a traditional S.A. instrument, they were introduced much later by northern nations Gospel The introduction of Western religion through missionaries had a strong influence on early South African music that lived on to modern times
Beginning in the late 1800s, composers started writing hymns that drew from traditional melodies
Created a unique a capella style of music blending Western hymns with traditional harmonies.
Still seen today, Gospel one of the most popular music styles in S.A.
the most famous example would be Lady Blacksmith Mambazo Did You Know?
In 1897, Enoch Sontonga, then a teacher, composed the hymn Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika (God Bless Africa), which was later adopted by the liberation movement and ultimately became the National Anthem of a democratic South Africa Lord, bless Africa
May her spirit rise high up
Hear thou our prayers
Lord bless us.
Lord, bless Africa
Banish wars and strife
Lord, bless our nation
Of South Africa.
Ringing out from our blue heavens
From our deep seas breaking round
Over everlasting mountains
Where the echoing crags resound … Minstrel Traveling minstrel shows began visiting South Africa in the mid- 1800s
Minstrel music combined with other styles and gave rise to new forms of music and instruments Did You Know?
The most famous product of this period is an adaptation of a traditional Zulu harmony by Solomon Linda called Mbube Marabi and Kwela The development of slums/ghettos gave rise to a new type of music called marabi, which described a keyboard style.
Intended to attract people to bars and make them dance
Comparable to ragtime and later swing era in America
Kwela (Zulu for ‘get up’): offshoot or Marabi jazz, primary instrument was the pennywhistle Did You Know?
Marabi and Kwela jazz were so popular that whites tried to hinder it by banning blacks from having alcohol Mbaqanga Jazz and New Jazz Made South African music international
Combined marabi and kwela jazz
Took jazz and combined it with African rhythm styles
Began in Sophiatown, similar to a South African Harlem
Continued even after the destruction of Sophiatown Jazz in Exile As apartheid power rose, many musicians had to leave the country
Many artists found success outside of the country Did You Know?
Miriam Makeba, a South African singer who was exiled for 31 years, was the first black woman to receive a grammy
https://play.google.com/store/search?q=miriam+makeba+house+of+the+rising+sun&c=music Current Music Although s.a. music had much of its roots in gospel and jazz, today they have a rich pop, punk, reggae and electronic scene as well Bubblegum 80s pop scene for black culture
Bright, lively dance music, similar to disco Brenda Fassie: South Africa's Queen of Pop
https://play.google.com/store/search?q=brenda+fassie&c=music Kwaito Started in 90s
Echoes hip-hop and rap, but with a South African twist Arthur Mafokate Thanks for Listening!!!!! How much was ten shillings?
In 1939, the year Mbube was recorded, the government estimated a black urban family needed at least 37 shillings and sixpence a week simply to survive. So Solomon Linda was paid roughly one quarter of what one black family needed to survive for one week in Joburg in 1939 - for a song that earned others $15-million. Can You Guess?
True or False?
The first black woman to win a Grammy was a distant relative of South African citizens
The flute is more traditional to South Africa than the drums
South Africa's national anthem was originally a hymn written for children
What's related to South African music?
The Lion King