Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


England and France Develop

No description

Dena Christian

on 10 January 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of England and France Develop

England and France Develop After numerous invasions, Angles and Saxons reside in England England Special prayer: "God deliver us from the fury of the Northmen." Alfred the Great (871-899)- only king to stop Viking invasions England: "Land of the Angles" 1016: Danish King Canute brought Anglo-Saxons and Vikings together 1042: Edward the Confessor took throne, but died in 1066 without an heir 1066: William the Conquerer (duke of Normandy and Edward's cousin) believed he deserved the crown Harold (who had claimed the throne) battled William for it --Battle of Hastings-- Harold pierced with arrow through the eye = Norman victory William unites England and Normandy and laid foundation for a centralized government in England Two goals in England:
1- hold and add to French lands
2- strengthen own power over nobles and the Church Henry II marries Eleanor of Aquitaine Henry II (1154-1189)
royal judges to all of England
collected taxes
settled lawsuits
punished crimes
use of juries- 12 neighbors of the accused formed a unified body of law= common law Henry's son/ Richard the Lionhearted's younger brother King John King John (1199-1216) "John Softsword" lost Normandy from Philip Augustus of France John wasn't a good king and wasn't nice either Nobles revolted June 15, 1216: Magna Carta reluctantly approved by King John guaranteed certain basic political rights
safeguard feudal rights
limit king's power
no taxation without representation
a jury trial
protection of the law Edward I needed to raise taxes for war against French, Welsh, and Scots at Westminster in London from 1300-1400 kings called on parliament whenever a new tax was needed began to assemble on their own
House of Commons- commoners
House of Lords- nobles and bishops France Hugh Capet takes crown starting the
Capetian Dynasty (987-1328) Philip II (1180-1223) Philip Augustus ("Majestic")-
King at 15
Couldn't beat Henry or Richard, but could beat John Took back Normandy in 1204 and had gained other territories as well Grandson: Louis IX (1226-1270), pious and saintly Ideal king created French appeals court- could overturn decisions of local courts- making the monarchy stronger and feudal ties weaker Church leaders: First Estate
great lords: Second Estate
commoners, wealthy landholders/merchants: Third Estate = Meetings: Estates-General Similar to Parliament but never independent brought together
2 burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough
2 knights from every county
= parliament (legislative group) Third Estate will make a showing later on
Full transcript