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WRITING AN INFORMATION PARAGRAPH

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by

J. McKeown

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of WRITING AN INFORMATION PARAGRAPH

WRITING AN INFORMATION PARAGRAPH
So, what is an information paragraph?
It’s a paragraph that
informs
the reader about a specific
topic
.

It's designed to present
facts
rather than
opinions
.

You'll find information paragraphs on topics in
science, health, business, culture, art, history, mathematics,
and
sports.

An information paragraph:
Gives the reader
facts
about
one part
of a
person, a place, an event, an activity or a natural or scientific phenomenon

OR

Explains
how something works

OR

Gives
instructions
for
how to do something


Parts of an information paragraph:
Main idea
Facts (from
outside sources
/through
research
)
Supporting details

What are the main parts?
1. Topic sentence (containing the
main idea
)

2. Supporting sentences that contain
facts
,
in
logical order

3. Concluding sentence (that
restates
what was
stated in the topic sentence)

This states the
main idea
of the topic you are going to write about.

Example:  Going to college is expensive.

Your reader knows the
topic
of this paragraph is
college
, while the
main idea
is that
it is expensive
. The
supporting details
will focus on the
various costs associated with going to college
.

The topic sentence in an information paragraph:
Each supporting sentence may be followed by one or two sentences that add details or give more explanation:
Example:
 

College tuition and room and board can cost anywhere from $2,000 to more than $10,000 per semester. 
Other expenses make going to college even more expensive. For example, books typically cost between $100 and $500 each term.

The next supporting sentence and detail sentences follow in logical sequence:

Example: 

Next, materials are also very expensive.
 
Paper, notebooks, writing utensils, and other supplies required often cost more at the college bookstore than at any local discount department store. For instance, a package of notepaper costing $2 at a discount store might cost $5 at a college bookstore.

You may have other supporting sentences and detail sentences, still in logical sequence:

Example: 

Finally, there are all kinds of special fees added onto the bill at registration time.
 
A college student might have to pay a $50 insurance fee, a $20 activity fee, a $15 fee to the student government association and anywhere from $100 to $1000 for parking. There is another fee if a student decides to add or drop classes after registration.

End with an appropriate concluding sentence:
Example: 

The fees required to attend college never seem to end.

This sentence ties back to the topic sentence, often by rephrasing it.



Choose
a topic
to focus on.
Research
your topic.
Choose the
main idea
you are going to focus on.

Draft a
topic sentence
that includes the
main idea
.

Exercise (topic/subject)

Exercise
is
essential in maintaining a healthy lifestyle

(main idea/focus of paragraph)

List facts/supporting details that you wish to include in the paragraph.
Put them in chronological order, or by importance

Planning your paragraph:
Writing your paragraph:
Write your information paragraph using your topic sentence and the details you listed.

Use connecting words (like “first, next, also” or “then” or “because”) to join the points you listed.

Include
at least four pieces of information
.

Write a final sentence that restates the main idea (from your topic sentence) and summarizes the supporting details.

Have I:

Written one paragraph with a topic sentence?
Used four pieces of information?
Used transition words like “First” and “then” and “because”
Read my work for spelling errors?

Checklist
fact
supporting detail/explanation
fact
supporting
detail/explanation
fact
supporting details/explanation
Full transcript