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Transcript of Makeup
Basics about Makeup
Substances used to strengthen appearance
Mixture of chemicals
Also known as cosmetics
Many different types of cosmetics used for different purposes made by different brands
Sold everywhere today: online and in stores, all around the world
Makeup and cosmetics aren't the best thing
History from Then to Now
term comes from Greek word
meaning technique of dress and ornament
6000 years of human history
First archaeological evidence comes from Ancient Egypt
Used in many places throughout history
Made out of natural resources back then, no manufacturers or companies
Cosmetics market started developing in USA by 1910's
From then on makeup market has become bigger and better
Synthetic fragrances are used
Parabens are a type of chemical used in cosmetics
Having makeup on for too long
Danger of diseases
Fading of nails
Skin diseases, reactions, allergies
Types of Cosmetics
Hair colour, sprays, gel
Involves toxicity, eye and skin irritancy, phototoxicty, mutagencity
Animal testing is banned in India, Israel, Norway and in countries part of the European Union
EU decided to place a near-ban on animal tested cosmetics in 2009
L'oreal and European Federation for Cosmetics Ingredients protested against ban
Cosmetics are often tested on smaller animals on specific parts
Some countries require mandatory animal testing
Then and Now
Makeup in Ancient Egypt
Makeup in Ancient Rome
Makeup in Ancient Middle East
Makeup in Ancient China
Makeup in Ancient Japan
Makeup in Ancient Europe
How did the use of makeup start?
What is makeup made up of?
Is makeup harmful to the skin?
Where and when was makeup first used?
Is makeup better now or before?
Some areas cosmetics were only allowed to be used if they were used for limited purposes
No prohibition with wearing makeup, one rule: substances used could not harm body
Makeup was mainly made out of natural resources
wore makeup the most
Sticks of bintsuke wax used for base
Lipstick was made out of crushed safflower petals
Rice powder used to colour the face
Black paint was used to colour teeth during graduation ceremonies
Bird droppings were used to get a lighter colour
Stained fingernails with gum, gelatin, beeswax, and egg white as nail polish
Colours used for makeup represented social class
Decorated foreheads with floral prints
Sinful and immoral in the Middle Ages (5th-15th century) to wear makeup by Church leaders
From Renaissance period to 20th century, lower class women had darker skin, higher class women had paler skin
Higher class women attempted to still lighten their skin using various ways
16th century, women would purposefully bleed to look paler
19th century, Queen Victoria stated that makeup wasn't right
Makeup was used for ritual purposes, part of daily life for women
Higher class had expensive makeup, lower class had cheaper makeup
Makeup needed to be applied several times a day, time consuming
Mistresses had their slaves put makeup on them, slaves had skills
Christian women did not wear makeup
Some men did wear makeup, considered improper
Cosmetic ingredients were used as medicine as well
Men did not agree with use of makeup, they had a few concerns
Masks were applied to the face made out of natural ingredients
Kohl was used for eye makeup, coloured eye shadow was also used
Ancient Egyptians took beauty as a sign of holiness
Cosmetics had a spiritual aspect, part of their daily lives
Tombs were buried with makeup
Ancient Egyptians all wore makeup regardless of status or gender
Main focus was on eye makeup
Used castor oil, moringa oil to fight wrinkles
Colours mainly used were black, green, purple
Kohl was used a lot, it could prevent eye infections and strengthen immune system againest diseases
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"Beauty and Cosmetics in Ancient Egypt." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 05 Nov. 2014. Web. 18 May 2014.
"Cosmetics in Ancient Rome." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 05 July 2014. Web. 18 May 2014.
"Animal Testing." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 May 2014. Web. 17 May 2014.
"Top 10 Harmful Effects of Using Cosmetics - List Crux." List Crux. Web. 18 May 2014.
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Table of Contents
1. Guiding Questions
2. Basics about Makeup
3. History From Then and Now
4. Makeup in Ancient Middle East
5. Makeup in Ancient Japan
6. Makeup in Ancient China
7. Makeup in Ancient Europe
8. Makeup in Ancient Rome
9. Makeup in Ancient Egypt
10. Negative Effects
11. Animal Testing
12. Types of Makeup
13. Cosmetic Brands