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Transcript of Psychodrama
>Jamie Goldman Psychodrama Developed by Jacob Moreno in 1921
Idea came from observing children's spontaneity
Spontaneity helps us be ourselves
Adults are more rehearsed
Brings our problems to life
Working in the present moment
Puts meaning to our enactment What You Will Need Don't Talk--Act! Protagonist
Stage The Phases Warm Up
Sharing & Closure Techniques Self-Presentation
The Empty Chair
The Magic Shop
Role Training Logic Model Break-out Groups Psychodrama and Sexual Abuse 1. Did anyone experience any catharsis, insight, or triggers during the role play session?
2. What population groups do you think psychodrama would work well with?
3. What population groups do you think psychodrama would NOT work well with?
4. Were there any techniques that were not addressed that the class would like to go over? Avinger, K.A. & Jones, R.A. (2007). Group treatment
of sexually abused adolescent girls: A review of outcome students. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 35(4), 315-326. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01926180600969702.
This research is a review of outcome studies from 1985 to 2005. The research specifically addressed group therapy for sexually abused girls ages 11 to 18. The groups reviewed varied in length of treatment, treatment setting, research methodology and treatment model, including the psychodrama model. The psychodrama model focused on giving adolescent girls the opportunity to process the trauma through their senses, using a reenactment dramatization which each girl directed. The warm-up phase was a time for the girls to bond, learn theatrical skills and core concepts. During the action phase, each girl was given the opportunity to stage, direct, and act out what happened to her. Each client was also given the opportunity to create new, positive endings to her story. During the final phase of each session, the girls had the opportunity to share their experiences of the dramatization and any feelings it brought up for them. Psychodrama and Childhood Diabetes Bektas, B. (2006). Psychodrama: Helping families to adapt to
childhood diabetes. European Diabetes Nursing, 3(3), 149-153.
Psychodrama was utilized to effectively manage diabetes in children who require a holistic approach that takes into account the roles of diabetes education, treatment and disease management, and the integral role of family relationships. Psychodrama is a group-based psychological support technique that aims to improve the acceptance and understanding of diabetes within the families of diagnosed children. Through group improvisation, role plays and feedback sessions, the families of children with diabetes participate in a cathartic process that helps them to share their problems, benefit from others' insight and feedback and to discuss behavioral changes that will avoid similar problems in the future. Psychodrama and Couples Therapy Farmer, C., & Geller, M. (2005). The integration of psychodrama with
Bowen's theories in couples therapy. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry (15453855), 58(2), 70-85.
This article addresses several ways in which psychodrama can be used in couple’s therapy and in dealing with relationship issues. Psychodrama addresses triangulation by encouraging members of the couple or family to act out past events in the present. This allows the therapist to see the emotional and physical interaction of family members. Acting out different scenes or situations helps clients to see the role their emotions play in their problems. Psychodrama also allows for healing and forgiveness in a relationship by giving clients an opportunity to replay past interactions and change the ending, or act out scenes that did not take place, but the client wants or needs to have happen. Clients may learn differentiation of self through spontaneity expressed in psychodrama. Psychodrama and Depression Hamamci, Z. (2006). Integrating psychodrama and cognitive behavioral
therapy to treat moderate depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 33(3), 199-207. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197455606000189.
This article is about how CBT can be enhanced by using psychodrama techniques. Cognitive behavioral techniques can be integrated within the context of psychodrama including warm-up, play, and sharing. CBT’s assumptions are that emotions and behaviors are determined by thinking. Psychodrama could enhance CBT because it can reach into realms that CBT does not. The acting done by the protagonist can be approached with enthusiasm by the group members. Where some parts of CBT like homework is many times done with apathy. The psychodrama techniques used in CBT group can provide a group different experience during the application of therapy. Psychodrama and College Counseling Hayes, G.B., Freeman, M.S., Vogel, J.E., Clonch, M. & Clarke, N. (2008).
Destigmatizing college counseling for first-year students: A psychodrama approach. Journal of College Student Development, 49(3), 250-254. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/195182494?accountid=10919.
There have been many studies done to show the effectiveness of counseling services on the college campuses. Some of the benefits found are in adjustment, retention, and academic success. This article outlines an outreach program targeting freshmen. The outreach program is used to encourage students to attend counseling. The outreach program utilizes psychodrama to address misconceptions of counseling to increase more student participation in counseling on the college campus. On average 32 students attended each presentation with a total of 520 students participating. At the end of the program students were give a 6 item questionnaire. Only 97 surveys were returned after they were completed and out of that 97, 76% stated they found the psychodrama outreach program helpful. In the semester that the outreach program was ran there was a 23% increase of counseling appointments made. This research is just a brief example of how psychodrama techniques can correlate with behavior changes and benefit clients. Psychodrama and Substance Abuse Somov, P.G. (2008). A psychodrama group for substance use
relapse prevention training. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 35(2), 151-161. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197455607001190.
This study was piloted in a non-medical drug and alcohol correctional treatment program at a county jail. The participants were receiving treatment for relapse prevention. Various trigger scenarios were presented to participants in which they acted out their responses. The auxiliary ego acted as the protagonist's cravings, challenging their commitment to recovery. This aided in the participants' preparation for recovery and termination. Auxiliary Ego Protagonist Audience & Stage