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Oil Spills

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Taiyaba Shakil

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Oil Spills

Oil Spills
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
What is an Oil Spill?
Oil Spill Locations
Oil spills can occur almost anywhere, but major oil spills occur in the ocean.
Oil spills that occur in the ocean cause much more environmental damage then spills that occur on land.
Oil spills occur usually when oil is being transported by tanker. Tanker accidents happen when tankers break apart in rough seas, or they may even collide with other ships and tear apart. Oil spills also happen due to underground petroleum leaks.
The oil industry contributes to this problem by transporting oil in an unsafe manner.
Shipping industry is at fault, because when there's a pipeline failure or blowout, it happens due to the ship's defect.
Sometimes the carelessness of the people working in these industries can cause major environmental problems.
Human Activities
Petroleum products leak into the environment due to human activities. These activities include: drilling, transporting, storing, blowouts, ship collisions and overfilling of gas tanks. Humans also spill engine oil, gas, paint, ink and other petroleum products that leak into our environment. People that work in industries aren't the only people that contribute to this problem, things that we do in our day to day lives contribute to oil leakage.
An oil spill happens when oil accidentally releases into a body of water, possibly from a tanker or underwater pipeline, being a threat to marine life and the environment.
Environmental Effects
Oil Spills lead to animals being endangered. Seabirds in particular are strongly affected. Once they're covered in oil they're unable to fly, so to get red of the oil they try to eat it. Oil is poisonous which then kills them. Not just seabirds, but oil spills affect all marine life; the oil simply chokes the animals to death. This is why the oceans should be protected.
Economic Effects
Oil Spills greatly affect the economy. When crude oil or petroleum is lost, it affects the amount of petroleum and gas that's available for use. The local tourist industry suffers a setback as well. Dead birds and sticky oil become a common sight. Due to this, activities such as swimming, sailing, fishing, and rafting don't occur.
Existing Solutions
Companies have response centers set up in different regions that have equipment ready to deal with spills.
Stiff financial penalties allow oil companies to prevent spills.
Oil companies in the U.S are making sure that tanker crews have good training, and supervision.
The Port State Control Program does inspections of ships entering Canadian ports.
Possible Solutions
It's hard to stop oil spills from occurring. However, I think that the best existing solution is to have centers that are ready to deal with the spills. Also, once the spill occurs, I think that oil companies should come up with an ingredient that solidifies the oil. Solidifying the oil will make it easier to clean. Another possible solution could be; creating a filter. The filter should be able to absorb the oil from the water. This method of cleanup is better than the one currently being used (the dispersant method is currently being used for cleanup).
Agency's Policy
Transportation Canada, a federal government organization, works to prevent spills and follows Canadian and International oil transport regulations.
Under the Canada Shipping Act 2001, tankers are required to meet collision prevention standards.
Government of Canada is investing $252 million on the Natural Conservation Plan to protect marine life and keep waters clean.
The Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act is a Canadian government regulation to prevent pollution in the Arctic waters.
Environmental Organization
The David Suzuki Foundation:
They are trying to ban all oil exploration and drilling in Canada's Arctic.
Promote clean energy production.
Pushing for marine protected areas.
They are running a Healthy Oceans campaign where they empower coastal communities to take leadership to protect their coast.
They've created a group called 'Ocean Keepers' where everyone works together to protect the oceans.
The David Suzuki Foundation has constantly been working to protect the diversity of nature.
Visit their website for more information: http://www.davidsuzuki.org/
before and after oil spill
Watch this video for a better understanding about how marine life is affected by oil spills.
Full transcript