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Fidel Castro -- Cuba

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Sara Lettie

on 9 April 2014

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Transcript of Fidel Castro -- Cuba

Policies
media, propaganda, political, and religious
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz
Fidel Castro-- Cuba
- Born August 13, 1926 in Biran
The Emergence of Politics
- In 1948 Castro married Mirta Diaz Balart

- General Fulgencio Batista overthrew the government

- Later, in 1955 Castro and Balart divorced
Batista
Falls
- In 1955 Castro was released and fled to Mexico

- In Mexico Castro gain support to overthrow the Cuban government

- Finally in 1959 Batista fled to the Dominican Republic

- Fidel Castro became prime minister in February 1959
Cuba under Fulgencio Batista
Conditions for Change
- Batista became a dictator of Cuba

- He used the military and the economically wealthy to support his power

- In 1953 Castro attempted to overthrow the government, but was captured and sentenced to 15 years in prison.
Emergence of Castro
- Castro sought to end US involvement in Cuba

- He implemented reforms for factories and plantations

- He began to suppress freedom of speech
and publicly executing Batista supporters
Castro's Rule
Policies in Cuba
Castro
as a Leader
-As Cuba became closer to the USSR the US did not approve.

- Ties were broken between the two countries and Castro declared Cuba a Socialist state in 1961
Aims and Ideology
-He did however managed to create and array of new schools that increased the literacy rate in Cuba to 98%

-Many took advantage of the free education and supported Castro's rule
Cuban Missile Crisis
-1962 during Kennedy's presidency we found that Cuba was hosting nuclear weapons for the Soviet Union

-Khrushchev leader of the Soviet Union demanded the US not invade Cuba and remove their nuclear bomb in Turkey and in return the nuclear weapon in Cuba would be disarmed
Resolution
- The US in return did not invade or bomb Cuba.

- However they disregarded the bomb in Turkey.
Economy
-In the 1960's Cuba's wealth was not distributed evenly

-During the tourist season unemployment was between 9-11%

-The off season caused unemployment to rise to 20-21%

-The labor force was focused on sugar harvest
Government
Cuba was a mainly bureaucratic nation in which Fidel Castro was president and commander-in-chief - there were many agencies for the many different policies
Timeline
Born
August 13, 1926
Bibliography
2008
Status of women, treatment of religious groups, and minorities
Minorities
May 1961: Castro Declares
Cuba a Socialist State
1962:
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nature, Extent and Treatment of Opposition

- Anti communist forces tried to end Castro's rule

-The communist party mainly suppressed the opposition to the government
Opposition to Castro
Foreign Involvement -- Bay of Pigs
- The US asked for volunteers to invade Cuba

- After training in Guatemala, Kennedy authorized this attack

- He wanted to hide the US support therefore selecting the Bay of Pigs for the invasion
April 1961:
Bay of Pigs
-The government controlled all media and restricted the news from other countries

-Citizens cannot leave or re-enter the country without governmental permission

-Labor Unions lost the right to strike

-All religious groups were affected
February 19, Fidel Castro Resigns
-Castro wanted to raise the well being of the lower class

-Health care became a priority (free for everyone)

-Laws were passed to give everyone housing
Social
Economic
-Cut US ties

-Traded sugar for crude oil with the Soviets

-October 14, 1960 US trade embargo

-No addition to economy -- no growth, just enough for essentials

-Still relied on sugar cane
-Focused on women rights
-female education soared
-women holding jobs increased dramatically
-1975 Family code
-was not really enforced but intended for both parents to be equal
Religious Groups
-Military Units to Aid Production
-Labor camps in 1965 that confined social deviants -- homosexuals and Jehovah Witnesses
-Closed in 1967
Roles of education and the arts in Cuba
Education
-In 1961 the government introduced a state-directed system for schools

-Although education is free to all the information is controlled by the government

-Monitored political ideology
Art and Culture
-Castro encouraged art, painting and literature

-Theaters, cinemas, concerts, and art were censored

-Citizens were constantly watched
Propaganda
Fidel Castro's speeches usually lasted a long time because he wanted to inform the people of the reasons why he would do something
-He usually wore a military uniform
IB History, "Rule of Fidel Castro." Last modified 2010. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://ibhistory.wikidot.com/the-rule-of-fidel-castro.

"Cuba under Castro." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://www-student.unl.edu/cis/hist171w03/online_course/unit2/lsn10-tp8.html.

Clark, Juan. "Religious Repression in Cuba." Last modified 1998. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://www2.fiu.edu/~fcf/clark12298.html.

Timelines, "Fidel Castro." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://timelines.com/topics/fidel-castro.

"Fidel Castro," The Biography Channel website, http://www.biography.com/people/fidel-castro-9241487 (accessed Dec 17, 2012).
Domestic Opposition
Support
-Castro emphasized the good changes -- schools, roads, and hospitals

-He constantly made speeches and reffered to Cuba as a "direct democracy"
Tension Rises
Methods
-Arrested the opposition

-Created a Committee of Defense of the Revolution (CDR).

-This group would monitor families and had the ability to abuse, intimidate and sometimes physically assault those deemed "counter-revolutionary"
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