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Fidel Castro -- Cuba
Transcript of Fidel Castro -- Cuba
media, propaganda, political, and religious
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz
Fidel Castro-- Cuba
- Born August 13, 1926 in Biran
The Emergence of Politics
- In 1948 Castro married Mirta Diaz Balart
- General Fulgencio Batista overthrew the government
- Later, in 1955 Castro and Balart divorced
- In 1955 Castro was released and fled to Mexico
- In Mexico Castro gain support to overthrow the Cuban government
- Finally in 1959 Batista fled to the Dominican Republic
- Fidel Castro became prime minister in February 1959
Cuba under Fulgencio Batista
Conditions for Change
- Batista became a dictator of Cuba
- He used the military and the economically wealthy to support his power
- In 1953 Castro attempted to overthrow the government, but was captured and sentenced to 15 years in prison.
Emergence of Castro
- Castro sought to end US involvement in Cuba
- He implemented reforms for factories and plantations
- He began to suppress freedom of speech
and publicly executing Batista supporters
Policies in Cuba
as a Leader
-As Cuba became closer to the USSR the US did not approve.
- Ties were broken between the two countries and Castro declared Cuba a Socialist state in 1961
Aims and Ideology
-He did however managed to create and array of new schools that increased the literacy rate in Cuba to 98%
-Many took advantage of the free education and supported Castro's rule
Cuban Missile Crisis
-1962 during Kennedy's presidency we found that Cuba was hosting nuclear weapons for the Soviet Union
-Khrushchev leader of the Soviet Union demanded the US not invade Cuba and remove their nuclear bomb in Turkey and in return the nuclear weapon in Cuba would be disarmed
- The US in return did not invade or bomb Cuba.
- However they disregarded the bomb in Turkey.
-In the 1960's Cuba's wealth was not distributed evenly
-During the tourist season unemployment was between 9-11%
-The off season caused unemployment to rise to 20-21%
-The labor force was focused on sugar harvest
Cuba was a mainly bureaucratic nation in which Fidel Castro was president and commander-in-chief - there were many agencies for the many different policies
August 13, 1926
Status of women, treatment of religious groups, and minorities
May 1961: Castro Declares
Cuba a Socialist State
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nature, Extent and Treatment of Opposition
- Anti communist forces tried to end Castro's rule
-The communist party mainly suppressed the opposition to the government
Opposition to Castro
Foreign Involvement -- Bay of Pigs
- The US asked for volunteers to invade Cuba
- After training in Guatemala, Kennedy authorized this attack
- He wanted to hide the US support therefore selecting the Bay of Pigs for the invasion
Bay of Pigs
-The government controlled all media and restricted the news from other countries
-Citizens cannot leave or re-enter the country without governmental permission
-Labor Unions lost the right to strike
-All religious groups were affected
February 19, Fidel Castro Resigns
-Castro wanted to raise the well being of the lower class
-Health care became a priority (free for everyone)
-Laws were passed to give everyone housing
-Cut US ties
-Traded sugar for crude oil with the Soviets
-October 14, 1960 US trade embargo
-No addition to economy -- no growth, just enough for essentials
-Still relied on sugar cane
-Focused on women rights
-female education soared
-women holding jobs increased dramatically
-1975 Family code
-was not really enforced but intended for both parents to be equal
-Military Units to Aid Production
-Labor camps in 1965 that confined social deviants -- homosexuals and Jehovah Witnesses
-Closed in 1967
Roles of education and the arts in Cuba
-In 1961 the government introduced a state-directed system for schools
-Although education is free to all the information is controlled by the government
-Monitored political ideology
Art and Culture
-Castro encouraged art, painting and literature
-Theaters, cinemas, concerts, and art were censored
-Citizens were constantly watched
Fidel Castro's speeches usually lasted a long time because he wanted to inform the people of the reasons why he would do something
-He usually wore a military uniform
IB History, "Rule of Fidel Castro." Last modified 2010. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://ibhistory.wikidot.com/the-rule-of-fidel-castro.
"Cuba under Castro." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://www-student.unl.edu/cis/hist171w03/online_course/unit2/lsn10-tp8.html.
Clark, Juan. "Religious Repression in Cuba." Last modified 1998. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://www2.fiu.edu/~fcf/clark12298.html.
Timelines, "Fidel Castro." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 17, 2012. http://timelines.com/topics/fidel-castro.
"Fidel Castro," The Biography Channel website, http://www.biography.com/people/fidel-castro-9241487 (accessed Dec 17, 2012).
-Castro emphasized the good changes -- schools, roads, and hospitals
-He constantly made speeches and reffered to Cuba as a "direct democracy"
-Arrested the opposition
-Created a Committee of Defense of the Revolution (CDR).
-This group would monitor families and had the ability to abuse, intimidate and sometimes physically assault those deemed "counter-revolutionary"