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POETRY

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esma delimustafaoğlu

on 3 January 2014

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Transcript of POETRY

POETRY
METER:
Meter comes from the Greek word meaning ‘measure’: What we measure in the English language are the patterns of stressed (or accented) syllables that occur naturally when we speak.

In other words, when rhythmic pattern of stresses recurs in a poem, the result is meter.

The basic (and smallest) unit of poetic meter, consisting of any of various fixed patterns of one to three stressed and unstressed syllables is called foot.

FOOT: Two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem.

COUPLET: A Couplet is a Stanza of only two lines which usually rhyme.

SESTET: A group of six lines of poetry




POETRY FORM
STANZA: A fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

ENJAMBMENT: In poetry, the technique of running from one line to the next without stop, as in the following lines by William Wordsworth:
My heart leaps up when I behold
A rainbow in the sky

END-STOPPED LİNES: A line of verse that contains or concludes a complete clause and usually ends with a punctuation mark.

CAESURA: A short pause within a line of poetry; often but not always signaled by punctuation.

ONOMATOPOEİA: Onomotopoeia is the use of sounds that create the sounds they describe.
For Example: Buzz,Beep,Boom,Quack,Sizzle

RHETORİCAL QUESTİON: A rhetorical question is a sentence in the grammatical form of a question which is not asked in order to request information or to invite a reply , but to achieve a greater expressive force than a direct assetion.

PARALLELİSM: Parallelism refers to using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning, or meter. This technique adds symmetry, effectiveness and balance to the written piece.

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF METERİCAL FEET?
ALLİTERATİON: In alliterative verse, certain accented words in a line begin with the same consonant sound.

ASSONANCE: The repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same.

RHYME: Correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

RHYME SCHEME: Poets use sound in a variety of ways to enhance their poems. Rhyme is the repetition or correspondance of the terminal sounds of words. The most common type is end rhyme.


POEM SOUND
IAMB: An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.
TROCHEE: A stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one.
ANAPEST: Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one.
DACTYL: A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF METER?
MONOMETER: ONE FOOT
DİMETER: TWO FEET
TRİMETER: THREE FEET
TETRAMETER: FOUR FEET
PENTAMETER: FİVE FEET
HEXAMETER: SİX FEET
HEPTAMETER: SEVEN FEET
OCTAMETER: EİGHT FEET
QUATRAİN: A Quatrain Poetry Type or literary term is a stanza or poem of four lines. Lines 2 and 4 must rhyme. Lines 1 and 3 may or may not rhyme. Rhyming lines should have a similar number of syllables.

OCTAVE: A group of eight lines of poetry

SCANSİON: Scansion is the act of determining and graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse.


SONNET 18


Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? A QUATRAİN

Thou art more lovely and more temperate: B

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A
Caesure : : and ;
And summer's lease hath all too short a date: B

Metonymy: The sun
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, C
OCTAVE
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; D

And every fair from fair sometime declines, C

By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd; D

But thy eternal summer shall not fade, E Parallelism

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st; F

Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, E
Every single line is End stopped
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st; F


So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, G COUPLET

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. G

Author sees that his darling is more beautiful, ascendantent than summer's day so he uses so much emphaticicial question sentence.
Also The first line has Rhetorical Question from poem sound
Theme: Strong Love
Speaker: William Shakespeare
3 rd person limited
Language: Modern English
Anaphora: "And","Nor","So","Fair"
"More"
Rhyme: Cross Rhyme
IAMBIC PENTAMETER
5 rhythm
( 5 Feet / 2 syllable)
- / - / - / - / - /
Shall I compare thee to a sum mer’s day?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

- / - / - / - / - /
Thou art more love ly and more tem perate:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
- unstressed / stressed
10 syllable

Alliteration: 'S' , 'T' , 'D' , 'F' , 'C', 'L'
14 Lİınes
Almost every lines have
hyperbaton
Author's sound is romantic,
soft.
Assonance: 'A' , 'O' , 'İ' , 'Aİ' , 'E'
Personification: Author says
that lines give life to darling.
In 11th line; Death and brag.
Brag is a feature according to
human.
FREE VERSE: Poetry without any fixed pattern of meter, rhythm, or rhyme, but which instead
exhibits its own natural rhythms, sound patterns, and seemingly arbitrary principles of form.

BLANK VERSE: Blank verse is a type of poetry that has a regular meter, usually iambic pentameter, but no rhyme. Most of Shakespeare’s plays are written in blank verse.



EUPHEMİSM: A euphemism is a polite expression used in place of words or phrases that otherwise might be considered harsh or unpleasant to hear.

HYPERBATON: A hyperbaton is a literary device wherein the author plays with the regular positioning of words and phrases and creates a differently structured sentence to convey the same meaning.

ANAPHORA: The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs
WİLLİAM SHAKESPEARE
He was born in 26 April 1564 and
he died in 23 April 1616. William Shakes
peare who is a British poet and theatre author has a lot of succesful work.He is called as a national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.He has 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and a few other verses. Shakespeare produced most of his works between 1589 and 1613.
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