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The American Home Front in WWI
Transcript of The American Home Front in WWI
On the Home front
Causes for American Involvement In WWI
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Overt act of war
Russia coming under a democratic government
Do you think that World War One had a positive or negative effect on American society?
America Sends Over Troops
Raising an army
Selective Service Act (Draft)
24 million register
3 million called up
2 million reach Europe
1.5 million saw combat
How do you think the draft was viewed back then?
How is it viewed today?
We needed to mass produce ships.
List all of the symbols of the United States that you see in this poster.
Uncle Sam—He the Man!
The headline reads, “Huns Kill Women and Children!”
What message do you think this poster is trying to convey?
Congress Gives Power to Wilson
"War is no longer Samson with his shield and spear and sword, and David with his sling. It is the conflict of
now, the combat of the
-Secretary of State Baker
Congress gives the power to Wilson to control much of the economy.
President Wilson has the power to fix prices and to regulate war-related industries.
The War Industries Board
What it was used for...
This was the main body from the government that controlled the economy.
Industrial production increases by 20%.
Retail prices soared, double what they had been before the war.
Elimination of waste through
Creation of other agencies:
Effects of the war on the economy...
Wages rose... for most people.
Stockholders saw enormous profit from large corporations.
Union membership rose because of uneven pay.
Gospel of the clean plate.
One day a week "meatless"
One day a week "sweetless"
Two days "wheatless"
Two days "porkless"
Food shipments to the allies triple.
Farmers put 40 million acres into production.
Farmers income increases 30 percent.
Describe what you see in this poster. Use as much descriptive language as you can.
What is the message of this poster?
Selling the War
U.S. spent about $35 billion on the war effort.
Committee on Public Information
the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person
What do you think the bloody hand and knife represent (in other words, what was the menace of the seas)?
Rewrite the statement on this poster in your own words.
What do you think each of these represents?
The Gorilla (King Kong)
The buildings in the far background
Why do you think the government wanted to remind Americans about what happened to Belgium?
What is the message of this poster?
What group is targeted by this poster?
What is that group supposed to do?
Espionage and Sedition Acts
What were they?
A person could be fined up to 10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for
interfering with the war effort.
Saying anything disloyal or profane about the government
The Flu Epidemic
What was it?
1918 - there was a flu epidemic that affected about 1/4 of the population.
Spread easily around the country and the world because of the army.
Women in the War
Woodrow Wilson, "The services of women during the supreme crisis have been of the most signal usefulness and distinction; it is high time that part of our debt should be acknowledged."
1919 Women get the right to vote.
Still no equal pay for equal work
Women in the war
How do you think women reacted to this request for their help?
Do you think this poster would have been effective? Why or why not?
Who is the poster specifically aimed towards?
Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points
This is the president's plan for world peace.
The first 5 points are there to prevent another war.
1. There should be no secret treaties among nations.
2. Freedom of the seas should be maintained for all.
3. Tariffs and other economic barriers among nations should be lowered or abolished in order to foster free trade.
4. Arms should be reduced, "to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety, thus lessening the possibility of military responses" during diplomatic crisis.
5. Colonial policies should consider the interests of the colonial peoples as well as the interests of the Imperialist powers.
Woodrow Wilson's 14 points.
The next 8 deal with boundary changes.
But the 14th establishes the League of Nations.
The League of Nations
The League of Nations was an attempt by the United States to create a peace keeping body in the world after the war.
However, one of the problems was that the United States did not want to get involved in any entangling alliances in Europe.
The Senate does not approve the Treaty of Versailles because it would make us join the League of Nations.
As a result, the League of Nations will fail in the coming years.
Treaty of Versailles
Germany must pay
Extreme boundary changes in Europe.
There is the creation of nine new countries, including Finland, Poland, and Czechoslovakia.
The territory of the Ottoman Empire is also broken up into five colonies that the Imperialists in Europe will control.
War Guilt Clause
Germany had to admit to it being the only country that was responsible for the happenings of WWI.