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Transcript of Romantic Period
Robert Burns: Contribution
The Romantic Period
What is the british romantic period?
Poetry In English Romanticism
The Romantic period was dominated by a new style of poetry
First time poets allowed themselves to be reflected in their work.
The poet's imagination became important; was used to create a new fantasy world.
Young romantic poets became social rebels and rejected societies traditional values.
The Effects of Industrialism
Landowners began to close their land causing the poor to venture into cities in search of work.
The factory workers were underpaid causing the factory owners to become more wealthy.
Industrialism created a further gap between the poor and wealthy.
How the French Revolution Affected England
After executing their King and Queen the French tried to influence British to do the same to their leaders.
France and England went to war because of the French promoting the execution of British leaders
All countries in Europe took part in it
Until late in the war, Great Britian sent no soldiers to fight, they only sent money and supplies to their allies.
England's economy suffered because of spending money on the war.
Simkin, John. "Spartacus Educational." Samuel Taylor Coleridge : Biography. John
Simkin, Sept. 1997. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Samuel Taylor Coleridge." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept.2013.
"William Wordsworth." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept.2013.
"Percy Bysshe Shelley." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept.2013.
"William Blake." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"George Gordon Byron." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"Robert Burns." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
"British Romanticism." British Romanticism. University of Nevada, Las Vegas, n.d. Web. 04
Sept. 2013. <http://faculty.unlv.edu/kirschen/handouts/british_romanticism.html>.
"Lord Byron." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Feb. 2013. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"How Did the Industrial Revolution Affect Britain" StudyMode.com. 11 2008. 11 2008
Harding, Samuel B. "England and the French Revolution." Mainlesson.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
Harding, Samuel B. "Industrial and Social Changes." Mainlesson. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013
"William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Lyrical Ballads." Real Gold, Treasures of Auckland Libraries – Literature –. Aukland Libraries, n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2013.
"Lyrical Ballads." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 May 2013. Web. 05 Sept.
By: Britni Wright, Du Obichi, Parker Gillham,Kayla Wilson, and Ashley Whitley
January 25, 1759 – July 21 1796
Was a Scotish poet and lyricist
Born to a poor family in Alloway Scotland
Parents names are William and Agnes Burns
Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect (1786)
Tam O' Shanter (1795)
The Cotters Saturday Night (1795)
The Jolly Beggars (1799)
Burns' Poetical Works (1824)
Known as the national poet of Scotland
Collected folksongs from Scotland and revised them
His poem, "Auld Lang Syne," is mostly sung at Hogmanay (the last day of the year)
"Scots Wha Hae," one of his poems, served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country
January 22, 1788-April 19, 1824
English poet and leading figure in the Romantic movement
One of the most famous and influential poets in the Romantic Period
Son of John Byron or ("Mad Jack") and his second wife, Catherine Gordon
Was considered to be the first modern-style celebrity
Invented the "Byronic Hero" in his writings which influenced the writers of his time greatly.
Suffered from a deformity of his right foot
Wrote from his personal impressions and feelings, like Robert Burns.
Although he was elected to the Greek committee of liberation against the Turks. He died a year after his election.
"The First Kiss of Love"
"Thoughts Suggested by a College Examination"
"Heaven and Earth"
28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827
First collection of poems were "Poetical Sketches"
Regarded by critics as among the finest lyric poets in the English language
Like Blake, Percy Shelley gained popularity after his death
An English poet, painter, and printmaker
Was one of seven children (Two of them died as babies)
His writings were inspired by the Bible
Married Catherine Boucher
Some people believed his poetry was artistic and some believed it was an outrage
Recognized for his talent by the people after his death.
Influened radical thinkers of his time
Expressed his opposition with the English Monarchy in his poems
All Religions Are One (1788)
America, a Prophecy (1793)
Europe, a Prophecy (1794)
For Children: The Gates of Paradise (1793)
For the Sexes: The Gates of Paradise (1820)
Poetical Sketches (1783)
Songs of Experience (1794)
Songs of Innocence (1789)
The Book of Ahania (1795)
William Blake: Background
William Blake: Writings
Percy Shelley: Backrground
Percy Shelley: Contribution
Percy Shelley: Writings
Lord Byron: Contribution
Lord Byron: Writings
Robert Burns: Background
Robert Burns: Poems
August 4, 1792-July 8, 1822
Became an idol for the next three and four generations of poets
Was a poet, dramatist, essayist and novelist
Classic poems include: Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, To a Skylark, Music, When Soft Voices Die, and The Cloud.
Didn't contribute to Romantic Period as much as he did to the Victorian period
Believed in nonviolence in political action and vegetarianism
Bodleian Ms. Shelley Adds (1969)
A Letter to Lord Ellenborough (1812)
A Philosophical View of Reform (1920)
A Proposal for Putting Reform to the Vote Throughout the Kingdom, as The Hermit of Marlow (1817)
A Refutation of Deism: in a Dialogue (1814) Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats, Author of Endymion, Hyperion etc.
October 31, 1795- February 23, 1821
John Keats: Writings
John Keats: Contribution
His earlier sonnets were published by Leigh Hunt.
John Keats: Background
Was an English Romantic poet.
Lost both his parents when he was young
Was apprenticed to a surgeon in London when he was fifteen
"Hyperion" was one of his most famouse writings and his greatest achievments
Was praised and advised by other poets including: Percy Shelly, William Wordsworht etc.
Endymion: A Poetic Romance (1818)
Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems (1820)
Collections: The Poetical Works of Coleridge, Shelley, and Keats (1831)
The Poetical Works and Other Writings of John Keats (1883)
The Poems of John Keats (1970)
The Poems of John Keats (1978)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Writings
Smauel Taylor Coleridge
Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Contribution
Was considered the leader of the British Romantic Period
Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Background
Born on October 21, 1772, in Devonshire, England and died July 25, 1834
Was the youngest of fourteen children
Was an English poet and philosopher
He suffered through many opium addictions and often needed financial aid from his brothers
His most famous poem is "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"
Apart from poetry, he also admired journalism.
Biographia Literaria (1907) Christabel: Kubla Khan, a Vision; The Pains of Sleep (1816)
Fears in Solitude (1798)
Lyrical Ballads, with a few Other Poems (1798)
Poems on Various Subjects (1796) Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Oxford Authors (1985)
William Wordswroth: Background
April 7, 1770-April 23, 1850
William Wordsworth: Contribution
His poetry was influenced by a tour in Europe
William Wordsworth: Writings
Mother died when he was only eight years old (This event had a great effect on him later)
His passion for poetry started when he attended Hawkshead Grammar School
Became an orphan when his father died while he was at Hawkshead
Lost his touch in poetry when his daughter died, but his poetry shaped Romantism in many ways
An Evening Walk (1793)
Descriptive Sketches (1793)
Lines Written Above Tintern Abbey (1798)
Lyrical Ballads (1798)
Upon Westminster Bridge (1801)
Intimations of Immortality (1806)
Miscellaneous Sonnets (1807)
His most famous poem is "The Prelude"
It was a period known for emphasizing emotion, passion, and individuality in literature.
Intro to gothic elements (horror stories/novels)
Nature > Industrialization
The very popular German composer Ludwig Van Beethoven was popular during this period.
The Effects of Romanticism on Society
Humans were being corrupted by society
More protests and desire for personal freedom
Children were victims of poverty and exploitation
Contribution to Literature
•The Last Man
•Her mother died just a short time after she was born
•Both of her parents were both famous writers
•Published her first novel in 1808 Mounseer Nongtongpaw
•Ran away with Percy Shelley at the age of 16 even though Percy was married and had kids.
•She had her first child in 1818 and then another the next year. Unfortunately, both of her children died shortly after their birth. She lost a third child through a miscarrage and died that year.
•Pride and Prejudice
•Love and Friendship
•Sense and Sensibility
•Born on December 16th
•She grew up in an environment that stressed learning and creative thinking
•She became really close to her father and her sister Cassandra
•She later collaborated in a few books with her sister
•Died on July 18, 1817
•She published many of her works anonymously
Written by William Wordsworth and Taylor Coleridge.
Seminal in both title and content
Began the Romantic period