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Effects of Imperialism in China

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Dhruv Bais

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of Effects of Imperialism in China

Effects of Imperialism in China by Dhruv Bais, Ajay Koritala, and Severino
Background Information
The British could only trade silver with The Chinese Celestial Empire since it lacked no other resource
The British discovered the Chinese want Opium
The British forced trade with their industrialized technology when China refused to trade

Imperialism in China had a negative effect on both the economy and the well being of the chinese population through uprisings (public instability), opium, and trade disadvantages for the Chinese.
Reason 1 : Uprisings (Mass Destruction of Property)
Reason 1 cont.
Boxer Rebellion (1898-1900) = Disorganized rebellion led by Han Nationalists - Destructive to Qing Economy/Power
Rebellion against both Manchu Qing Dynasty’s weak control and foreign imperialism
The men cut off their braids to defy Qing
Massacred foreigners
Qing lost power over the people
Followed by the Republican revolution making China a Republic
Reason 2 : Trade Disadvantages
Reason 3: Opium
Addicts and Social Instability
Opium Wars with Britain = losing Trading rights in Hong kong, Shanghai, Canton
Opium Wars = Fought over the import of Opium
First Opium War = Qing Dynasty v.s. Britain and allies - US, Russia, France;
Treaty of Nanjing = Opens Shanghai, Hongkong, Canton for trade
Shows China’s Weakness to the World
Second Opium War
Chinese seize a Chinese ship registered in Britain for carrying illegal items. A French Missionary was killed.
Britain and French want compensation for such insults
British capture China’s Capital Peking (Beijing) and destroy and loot the Old Summer Palace (museum)
Treaty of Tianjin - Opened more Ports to Europeans. Even Americans and Russians who tagged along got free ports
Taiping Rebellion (1850 - 1864) = Ravaged 17 provinces and killed 20 Million
Rebellion against Foreign Influence
Peasants of Guangxi province unite under Hong Xiuquan and form the Taiping Tianguo Dynasty (“Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace”)
Their sharing of common property attracted many peasants (Communism)
Total 1 M soldiers in Army
Had many Victories but failed to capture Beijing (capital of Qing)
An army led by American Frederick Townsend stops their conquest on Shanghai
The nobles, under Zeng Guofan, surround Nanjing the city falls in July 1864.
The Dynasty ends when Hong commits suicide
Qing Dynasty became very weak
Because of the Unequal Treaties (First Opium War) which gave leased ports to Britain
Created Spheres of Influence in which China lost sovereignty to Britain
The British place disadvantageous and unfair trade policies with China
Forced Trade of Opium
Open Door Policy (1900) = Equal trade rights amongst the Europeans in China
National Sovereignty of China was dissolved

Dissenters : British Imperialism modernized china.
It caused a lot of pollution and ruined china’s beauty.
Only a matter of time before China would have industrialized too
British and Foreign influence caused:
Uprisings - People were furious with foreign influence
Economic Disadvantages - Less profits for the Chinese
Opium Addicts - Caused Public Instability
"1750-1919: China and the West: Imperialism, Opium, and Self-Strengthening (1800-1921) | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." 1750-1919: China and the West: Imperialism, Opium, and Self-Strengthening (1800-1921) | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014. <http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/kpct/kp_imperialism.htm>.
"Chinese Revolution." Chinese Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014. <http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/foreign-imperialism-in-china/>.
Elman, Benjman. "China." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/111803/China/71769/The-antiforeign-movement-and-the-second-Opium-War-Arrow-War>.
"[Regents Prep Global History] Imperialism: China." [Regents Prep Global History] Imperialism: China. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2014. <http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/global/themes/imperialism/china.cfm>.
"The Treaties of Tianjin." History Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2014. <http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/treaties-tianjin>.
"Chinese Revolution." Chinese Revolution. 08 Jan. 2014 <http://blogs.bu.edu/guidedhistory/moderneurope/tao-he/>.
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