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Early civilizations pt.2
Transcript of Early civilizations pt.2
LETS GO TO MESO
WHERE IS THAT??
-located in present day Middle East
Geography of Middle East
Unpredictable- random (something happening whenever.)
Dams- waterway made by humans
Barren: very dry land
Fertile: very moist soil, can grow plants on
Conquering of Mesopotamia
Around 2000 B.C. the Amorites found a dynasty in Babylon and later produced a ruler known as Hammurabi
Under Hammurabi trade prospered with the Indians and Chinese, he combined 282 laws and called them Hammurabi’s Code.
There is alot to be thankful
5) cuniform- Cuniform means "wedge-shaped," it is a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet.
one of the earliest writing forms
More developed writing
Invention of the wheel
Arabian desert and Syrian desert
Located between Europe, Asia, and Africa
Birth place of
Twin rivers Tigris and Euphrates
Mostly Arabic culture
Green lush land
Mesopotamia means land between two rivers. The Tigris and Euphrates valley, according to historians was inhabited around 5000 B.C.
It is known as the fertile crescent because of its half moon crescent shape and its fertile soil
The Tigris and Euphrates does not flood annually like the Nile River, it floods unpredictably in the spring, floods burring whole villages
The people that first inhabited the area are known as Sumerians, from Asia Minor.
It is said that the Sumerians learned how to build flood control dams, ditches and canals rather quickly, because of the rivers unpredictability
DOWN TO BUSINESS
Sumer was arranged into city-states, each city had its own government, though everyone shared a common language, religion and culture.
Sumer had 12 city-states including, Ur, Urk, Eridu, and Babylon
The people often built Ziggurats or Temples to honor their deities/gods, maintainers of temples were priests
Sumerian king was a military and high priest representing the city-states deity, therefore, city-states were theocracies
Folktales, Legends, and Myths
The people of Mesopotamia had some of the earliest written stories of Creation
The responsibility of the dwellers of Mesopotamian cities was to provide the gods with whatever they needed to run the world. Without this support, the gods could not perform their proper function; it was an awesome responsibility for the people of Mesopotamia. It had, at least in early times, the effect of inspiring them to superhuman tasks.
We have stories of heroes like Gilgamesh
And their arts flourished as a result as well
THANKS MESO ITS BEEN GREAT. BUT ITS TIME FOR US....TO HEAD TO THE INDUS.....