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The Debate of Child Abuse
Transcript of The Debate of Child Abuse
Types of Child Abuse
There are many types of child abuse, and the main types are physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect, all of which can be extremely harmful.
Discipline or Abuse
By: Caitlyn Phu
May 12, 2015
- Child Abuse is a world-wide issue that negatively affects children in many ways
-Much more awareness needs to be brought to this problem
-If more people don't work to stop this, children will continue to die every day due to abuse
-Child abuse is dealt with all over the world
-Approximately 3-5 children die each day due to abuse
-The main types of child abuse are physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect
-One of the most debated questions is, "Where is the line between abuse and discipline?"
-Child abuse can leave many negative impacts on the victim, both mental and physical
-Many organizations are working to take us one step closer to the end of this issue
This chart shows the different kinds of child abuse and how common they are. As you can see, neglect is the most common kind. The percentages will add up to more than 100% because some children are abused with more than one kind.
- Physical abuse usually happens when an adult physically harms a child on purpose
-Common forms of this kind of abuse include hitting, beating, kicking, and shaking
-The effects of physical child abuse can be either physical, mental, or emotional, but all can be major or life-threatening
-Studies have shown that about 57,000 children under the age of 15 die as a result of physical abuse per year
-Another form of physical abuse is child labor, although it is more of a problem in developing countries
-Sexual abuse is the act of sexual behavior between a child and an adult
-It is found that children are more likely to be raped or sexually abused by someone they know
-Sexually abusing any child will most likely traumatize them, probably emotionally scarring the victim for life, along with some physical effects
-Sexual abuse also includes forcing children to view sexual acts, inappropriate sexual talk, and other non-contact acts
-Other forms of sexual abuse is child prostitution and child pornography, all of which are illegal
-Emotional abuse is the ongoing emotional maltreatment or emotional neglect of a child
-This type of abuse comes in many forms, some of which include terrorizing, isolating, verbally assaulting, and rejecting
-Emotional abuse, though it doesn’t physically harm the child or leave a visible scar, can severely affect the child’s state of mind and emotions
-Another form of emotional abuse is corruption, which involves an adult (or multiple adults) encouraging bad behavior, criminal actions, drugs, illegal/harmful acts, or other immoral acts
-It can usually lead to emotional scars and traumatizing events that will affect the child’s emotional state, whether it’s just for a short time or the rest of their lives
- Neglect occurs when the parent or caregiver abandons the needs of the child, hence the term “neglect”
-This form of abuse is by far the most common type of child abuse
-Some variations of neglect include medical neglect, emotional neglect, and educational neglect
-This is an important issue not only because of its pervasiveness, but also because of its serious and harmful effects
Although it is clear that child abuse is a very serious and significant issue, the answer to a largely debated question remains unclear. Where is the line between abuse and discipline? Many people all over the world have asked this question. However, a definite answer continues to be elusive, and the debate remains unsettled.
Law and Culture Overlapping
-This is a widely debated topic because the national eye and the law is beginning to take a more modern look at discipline while some people still stick with their culture’s view on what is appropriate or not
-As the law and numerous people are starting to become more modernized, the case against physical punishment is growing fast
-Back in the 1800s, people were only fined money even if they severely beat or neglected their child to the verge of death
-However, with modernization, society started to establish new ideas of what is right and wrong
-In 1962, an article called "The Battered-Child Syndrome" was published and is famous for educating many people about the issue of child abuse and shocked many upper-classmen with the idea that they, too, could be abusing their child
Corporal punishment is the technical name for physical punishment. This type of punishment includes spanking, paddling, hitting, slapping, and more. Much like the debate over discipline and abuse, corporal punishment is a very sensitive and controversial subject because there are opposing views regarding its acceptability as a form of punishment.
A present day "spanking paddle"
Corporal Punishment in Schools
-Laws surrounding corporal punishment are mostly aimed at punishment in schools
-All but 19 states have made corporal punishment illegal in schools, and most of those 19 states are in the South
- It is so common in the southern states, like Texas, that an individual is only convicted of child abuse if he/she seriously injured the child with intent of bodily harm
-The main reason why laws are targeting corporal punishment in schools is that the person carrying out the punishment isn’t very close or related to the child, so things may get out of hand very quickly
Here is the Texan code surrounding corporal punishment: http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/txstatutes/FA/5/E/261/A/261.001
Corporal Punishment in Homes
-Technically, physical punishment in homes, like hitting and spanking, is legal in every U.S. state
-Many people who are accused of child abuse defend their actions as just discipline, and this is another reason for why it is so difficult to find a line between discipline and abuse
-Many people argue over whether spanking is okay or not, but this depends on many variables including the age of the child, the size of the child, the severity of the punishment, and the condition of the child
-Only severe types of physical punishment have been showed to have negative, long-term effects on a child
-There is a big difference between a light, conditional spanking and frequent beatings, and it is vital that people don’t mix them up
Spanking is Not Abuse
- Spanking is probably the most common form of corporal punishment
-Spanking is a very common form of punishment in places all over the world, as being “grounded” is a common punishment in America
- When people use spanking as a punishment, their child will most likely be scared of the consequences of his/her actions, thereby making the right decisions in the future
-Studies have shown that “conditional spanking” for children 2-6 years of age has positive results, with the child receiving a light, occasional spanking when necessary
-Many people would argue that corporal punishment has many negative effects such as weakening the bond between a parent and child and mental/physical problems for the child.
-However, studies have shown that this almost always happens only when the case is severe
- If the parent spanks the child (not hard enough to really hurt them) and explains the reasoning behind the punishment, it can actually show positive effects on the child
-The main problem is that many parents spank their child for the smallest things and don’t show the child love and care at other times
-Some people even say that the children will begin the resent their parent and become more aggressive due to corporal punishment.
-Many people who had been spanked themselves as children have justified spanking as something that helped them grow up to be a better adult
Effects of Child Abuse
Find out more info here: http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/learn/child-abuse-neglect/effects-child-abuse-neglect
Just because some kinds of corporal punishment are okay, it doesn’t excuse physical punishment that clearly crosses the line and is abusive. When a child is abused, it significantly affects their everyday life and mental/physical state; multiple studies show that this form of cruelty profoundly has negative effects on the child.
-Broken bones -Scars
-Sexually Transmitted Disease
-Lack of nutrition or shelter
*Most mental effects are long term unless treated
-Difficulty connecting to others
How will patterns in the U.S. change the current views on corporal punishment over time?
As the U.S. continues to modernize, society will continue to move away from many traditional culture's views on what is right and what is wrong. It is predicted that, over the course of time, more and more people will start to use more modern techniques in discipline and abandon the more physical punishments.
What are people doing to contribute to the end of child abuse?
Many organizations around the world are working to bring us one step closer to the end of child abuse and to help save victims of abuse. For many of these groups, their main goal is to bring more awareness to this issue and to help prevent future child abuse cases. If more awareness is brought to this issue, many people can prevent abusing their child, themselves, and become more involved in the movement to get rid of this abuse. Also, many people are reporting abuse suspicions every day, which could possibly lead to countless victims being saved each year.
-Child abuse is a worldwide problem that continues to grow and negatively affect children every day, whether the outcome is minor or puts the victim’s life in danger
-With an extremely blurred line standing between discipline and abuse, it may be hard for someone to tell when the line is crossed
-When corporal punishment is felt appropriate, it is the parents’ responsibility to make sure that, if they choose to spank their children, it must only happen when necessary and must not cause harm to the child. If enough parents are able to do this, it could be made possible to take a step closer to the end of child abuse
-Before child abuse can be eliminated, people need to realize that child abuse is an inhumane act that endangers the child’s life and leaves both physical and psychological scars
"Types of Child Abuse (Photo Graph)." Family Resource Center. Family Resource Center, 19 Jan. 2011. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.
P.I. Presentation Activity
-First, follow the directions on the handout and write down your answers
-When you finish the first step, follow the directions below:
Imagine that you are working for an child abuse prevention organization and their main goal is to spread awareness of child abuse. You have been given the task to
create a Public Service Announcement poster for child abuse that has a clear message
. Create and design the poster on the back of the hand out and be sure to add visuals and text. The directions were purposefully vague, so be creative with it!
(Some example messages include, "Child abuse can come in many forms," "Report any suspicions of abuse right away," and "Child abuse has many effects.")
-When you finish both parts, hold on to your paper until time is up
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"Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect." Joyful Heart Foundation. Joyful Heart Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2015. <http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/learn/
Mordecai, Adam. "The Science Of Spanking: What Happens To Spanked Kids When They Grow Up?" Upworthy. Upworthy, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Navarrette, Ruben. "Spanking Isn't Child Abuse; It's Common Sense." CNN. Cable News Network, 18 Sept. 2014. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Pingleton, Jared. "Spanking Can Be an Appropriate Form of Child Discipline." Time. Time, 16 Sept. 2014. Web. 07 Mar. 2015.
Saar, Malika Saada. "There Is No Such Thing as a Child Prostitute." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 17 Feb. 2014. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
Schulte, Brigid. "Child Abuse Changes Brain Structure, Can Last a Lifetime." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 12 Sept. 2013. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Smith, Brendan L. "The Case against Spanking." APA. American Psychological Association, Apr. 2012. Web. 11 Feb. 2015. <http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/04/spanking.aspx>.
Smith, Melinda, and Jeanne Segal. "Child Abuse and Neglect." Helpguide. Helpguide.org, Dec. 2014. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
"TEX FA. CODE ANN. § 261.001: Texas Statutes - Section 261.001: DEFINITIONS." Findlaw. Findlaw, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
Thomas, Paul. "The Debate about Spanking Children Is Over. It’s Just Wrong." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
"Types of Child Abuse (Photo Graph)." Family Resource Center. Family Resource Center, 19 Jan. 2011. Web. 16 Mar. 2015. <https://www.frcmo.org/types-of-child-abuse-photo-graph/>.
"Unite For Sight." Child Labor and Child Abuse in Developing Countries. Unite For Sight, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015. <http://www.uniteforsight.org/gender-power/module4>.
"What Is Child Abuse?" Childhelp. Childhelp, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.