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Transcript of Figurative Language
A lesson by Reanna DeVarennes
What is Figurative Language?
Figurative language is used to make writing more expressive.
When writers use figurative language, it is not meant to be taken literally. Rather, figurative language is used to make a story or poem more interesting to read.
Figurative language also helps the reader understand what the author is trying to say, by helping the reader get a picture of what is going on.
This 'picture' is not only visual, but can involve the other senses as well, such as smell, hearing, touch, and taste.
The four types of figurative language we are focusing on today, are simile, metaphor, hyperbole, and personification.
A simile is a comparison of two things, using like or as.
It felt as hard as a rock.
The comparison is explicit
-in other words, it is stated directly.
Here are some examples of similes:
She looked as gentle
My love is
A metaphor is a direct comparison of two things, without using like or as.
She is the apple of my eye.
The comparison is implied
-In other words, the exact meaning is left to the imagination of the reader.
Here are some examples of metaphors:
The noise was music to her ears.
A light in a sea of darkness.
The main difference between smile and metaphor?
Let's take a look at the examples...
She is like a lamb.
She is a lamb.
There is no like or as.
This comparison direct, and can be taken literally.
This comparison can not be taken literally.
Because if it was literal... that would be weird...
This does not mean she is literally an apple...
The thing felt very hard.
A hyperbole is just an extreme exaggeration used to make a point.
It's freezing in here.
It's not really freezing... it's just really cold.
Here are some examples of a hyperbole:
Christmas will never come!
Everyone knows that!
He's as skinny as a toothpick!
Personification is when you give human qualities to non-human things.
(Objects or animals)
The stars danced.
The stars appeared as though they were moving around.
Here are some examples of personification:
The run down house appeared depressed.
The first rays of morning tiptoed through the meadow.
The wind howled its mighty objection.
Think that you got it?
Match the examples to the type of figurative language it is.
The computer was crazy!
It takes forever...
Figurative Language Matching Game!
The thunder grumbled like an old man.
Her life passed her by.
I'm so bored I am dying!
It is as soft as a kitten.
He is my East and my West, my compass.
I think you got this!
Thanks for watching!
And just being...
And now for the WORKSHEET!
He has a voice of a crow.