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NATURAL DISASTERS IN THE 1930s
Transcript of NATURAL DISASTERS IN THE 1930s
By Delaney White
On September 16, 1928, a hurricane, with winds up to 140 mph, caught residents surrounding Lake Okeechobee off guard, and flooded the lake, breaking the make-shift barrier around it. This resulted in weeks of flooding and killed at least 2,500 people.
On March 18, 1925, America's longest and deadliest tornado traveled in a straight line for 3.5 hours across Missouri, southern Illinois, and Indiana. It destroyed about 15,000 homes and killed almost 700 people.
The Dust Bowl
In the 1930s, huge dust storms covered a 150,000-square-mile area. It was caused by the region's light soil, high winds, and lack of rainfall. When drought struck from 1934 to 1937, the soil was unable to stay anchored and the wind easily picked it up. The Dust Bowl choked cattle and other animals in the area and caused almost 3 million people to leave the region.
Heat Wave of 1936
The summer of 1936 is the hottest summer in the United States recorded, with temperatures getting up to 121 degrees Fahrenheit in Steele, North Dakota. The heat wave affected a total of 8 states during the height of the Dust Bowl. Because air conditioning was a relatively new invention and not found in many houses, about 5,000 people were killed from heat stroke and heat exhaustion.
Natural disasters are extreme forces of nature that can result in death or destruction of a person or their property. The most common natural disasters include: floods, fires, tsunamis, earthquakes, and tornadoes. The 1920-40s were already a difficult time for Americans because of the Great Depression and it was made even more difficult with these disasters.
Blizzard of 1948-49
On November 18 1948, a blizzard hit Nebraska and several more continued to hit the area until the final storm on April 14 1949; winds of these blizzards got up to 70 mph. By the end of the freezing winter, some parts of Nebraska were buried under 30 feet of snow. The blizzards resulted in almost 2000 fallen telephone poles and the deaths of 4 people.
Woodward Tornado of 1947
This tornado was 1.8-miles wide and traveled continuously over about 100 miles of Oklahoma. The tornado destroyed over 100 city blocks and demolished at least 1000 homes and businesses. More than 100 people were killed from this tornado.
Natural disasters, big or small, have always affected and will always affect human beings. Whether they destroy a few houses or kill thousands of people they are devastating. Although we are prepared much better today than in the early 1900s, we will never be completely safe from these disasters.
Conan-Davies, Richard. "Natural Disasters."ClearlyExplained.com. N.p, 2000. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.
I was provided with an abundant amount of information on natural disasters from this source. The writer, Richard Conan-Davies, who worked with the Department of Science, Education & Training as a web administer provides information on what natural disasters are and how they affect us. He also lists different common and uncommon natural disasters.
Nguyen, Tuan C. "The 10 Worst U.S Natural Disasters." TechMedia Network. LiveScience. 07 Nov. 2007. Web. 25 Jan. 2014.
This website, written by Tuan Nguyen, a science journalist and graduate from the City University of New York, Graduate School of Journalism's Health and Science Reporting Program, includes information of tragic natural disasters in the United States. From this site I received dates and information on the Dust Bowl, tri-state tornado, and Lake Okeechobee hurricane. Nguyen also provided small summaries of each disaster which included the damage it did and how each event occurred.
Sarah. "Natural Disasters on the Great Plains." Kansas Healthcare Careers. Wordpress. 27 Nov. 2012. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
Sarah, a writer of several other different health and science related articles, writes about the major disasters that occurred on the Great Plains. From this article, I received needed information on the Woodward tornado, the blizzard of 1949, and the heat wave of 1936. For each disaster, Sarah includes a summary which holds important facts about them, this includes the damage it caused, important dates, and how each event was caused.