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LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO: ARTE
Transcript of LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO: ARTE
Stresses the importance given to the lines of the drawing. Predominantly vivo against a chromatic color casts. The subjects naturalists, are treated simply.
Italian-Gothic style: This style was formed along the XIII century (Duecento) in Italy. Fused the traditions of Byzantine art with classic styles primitive or early Christian paintings and panels in Florence and Siena. Roman Painting
The Romans decorated their villas with exquisite mosaic floors and frescoes depicting rituals, myths, landscapes, still lifes, and scenes from everyday life. Roman artists managed to create the illusion of reality, using the technique known as aerial perspective, which are represented by the more blurred the colors and contours of the most distant objects to achieve spatial effects. Thematic prehistoric painting:
Within the theme of painting highlights Paleolithic prehistoric animals receiving naturalistic treatment, with a clear distinction.Found a few representations of wild asses, common in Europe in that period. Bison are the representations that are next in importance, followed by aurochs, deer, elephants, reindeer and ibex. Rarely seen bears, rhinos, lions.It is very rare to find representations of fish and birds in prehistoric painting, although you can find commonly recorded objects.Also, we can find signs and geometric figures in the painting prehistoric. Painting technique
were painted in natural projections, to accentuate its shape. In prehistoric painting there is no concept of composition, the figures represent isolated, unrelated, they even overlap. Employed, animal fat, vegetable juices, and even blood in some cases.
To apply the paint, bristle brushes were used animals or silks. Also using the fingers and hands, flint burins contouring figures, then paint.
Pintura prehistórica de la cueva de Lascaux, en Francia. OLD AGE
Hellenistic Egyptian painting:
is characterized primarily by presenting figures juxtaposed in overlapping planes. The images are represented by hierarchical approach, ie the Pharaoh has a size larger than the subjects or enemies are at his side. Predominant profile canon, which was to represent the head and limbs in profile but the shoulders and eyes front. Greek Painting
Except for a few fragments, no traces of Greek murals. However, naturalistic representations of mythological scenes in Greek pottery can shed some light on what it was that large painting. In the Hellenistic era, scenes and motifs represented in the mosaics are also probably the echo of monumental paintings made with other techniques that have not survived. PAINTING ARQUITECTURE Prehistory, Paleolithic
He is the earliest period of the prehistoric periods, characterized by the manufacture and use of stone tools carved practice of predation (hunting, fishing and gathering) nomadism and the appearance of the first art forms, such as the paintings and sculptures of stone or bone. The man lived in caves and were nomadic. No traces of man-made constructions Paleolithic Prehistory, Neolithic
Today the Neolithic defined precisely because the knowledge and use of agriculture or livestock. When a group of people came to an area rich in game or edible vegetation, established temporary camps until all the resources, but some were in land especially fertile, so that gradually emerged stable camps or villages dedicated to hunting and harvesting. That was how the man became sedentary. Mesolithic period:
It lasted roughly between 10000 to. C. and 5000. C. here were found construillas clay dwellings.
Palestine remained at the head of civilization: By the year 7000, the old circular huts were replaced by rectangular houses, divided into rooms and the walls and floor covered with clay.
In Europe and Central Africa megalithic culture emerged, characterized by the construction of large stone monuments: sometimes simple standing stones as columns, sometimes aligned in certain patterns, others as large horizontal slabs supported on two vertical, etc. Naturally, these buildings were to be associated with new rituals and beliefs more or less sophisticated, typical of the Neolithic. MUSIC Music in prehistory
The origin of the music is unknown, as originally musical instruments were not used to interpret, but the human voice, or body percussion, which leave no trace in the archaeological record. It can be inferred that the music was discovered at a similar time to the emergence of language.
In almost every culture considers music as a gift from the gods.
Furthermore, the very nature or in daily activities could find the music.
In a field of Mezin, in Ukraine, was found six mammoth bones showed signs of having been drilled. LITERATURE Prehistory
in prehistory literature is not presented as the beginning and the story is by writing. SCULPTURE Mesopotamian ARCHITECTURE: II B.C.
The Mesopotamians built without mortar, and when a building was no longer safe or not doing his homework and was knocked down again building on the same site, or filled and built over. Over the millennia this practice resulted in Mesopotamian cities were encontrasen high in the hills that surrounded territory, these mounds are called tells.
They used very little stone and wood.
The soil is clayey, muddy, and this led them to use the mud as building material The monumental architecture of ancient Egypt is characterized by the use of ashlar stone carved in large blocks, with solid construction system lintel and columns. To understand its magnificence must take into account the following factors. EGYPT ANCIENT GREECE
Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many substantially intact. The second major type of construction that is conserved throughout the Hellenic world is the open-air theater, with the first construction dates from 350 BC. Etruscan architecture
Etruscan architecture, always less elegant and less brilliant than the Greek, has a great influence in the Roman world, especially in regard to how to design cities, the arrangement and shape of the temples, the use of the bow and the vault and the construction of mausoleums. No quality materials like marble, but low quality stones in reinforcements, wood, brick and mud. Its buildings employ the arch and the vault with the support column, forming the Tuscan order, an order which is related to the Doric. Roman Architecture
Roman architecture comes from the Etruscan, together with the Greek influences, especially after the Punic Wars and therefore has features of both.
The period of splendor of Roman art: second and third centuries BC
The most significant elements of Roman architecture are vaulted construction and use of a primitive concrete.
The Romans used the bow deeply and vault Nineteenth century
Throughout the nineteenth century will attend a series of crises that result in aesthetic movements called historicists: either by the fact that technological innovations are not in a demonstration that adequate formal contemporary, well for various cultural reasons and contexts, architects period saw the copy of architecture past and D. The study of its canons and treated a legitimate aesthetic language IN GRECCE
In Greece the first signs appear decipherable and written music that are now preserved in manuscripts. It is the Greek word from which we get music that encompasses both poetry and dance and music. They believed that music comes from the gods and many Greeks as Plato considered the foundation of education. Writing the music performed by the letters of the alphabet. Existing different scales which in turn formed modes, which is where derive our modern cones.
The lyre and harp instruments were reserved for the Polis, and, as shown in some drawings or sculptures, are most commonly used in everyday musical life. ROME
Music in Rome is heir of music in other civilizations, especially the Greek. Since ancient times there were schools of flute and trumpet. At this time become important theatrical performances accompanied by music and musical accompaniment in the amphitheater, and jugglers and acrobats acting through the streets of the town accompanied by people who played the tambourine and tibia.
They were highly valued virtuoso musicians or famous, humorous and relaxed by adding aspects to his performances
Literature and writing, though obviously related, are not synonymous. The early writings of the ancient Sumerians are not literature, nor the first inscriptions in Egyptian hieroglyphs. The oldest literary texts that have survived date from centuries after the invention of writing.
Many texts were transmitted by oral tradition for centuries before they were fixed by writing, so they are difficult to date. Classical antiquity:
The society of ancient Greece placed considerable emphasis on literature. Many authors consider the western literary tradition began with the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, which remain major figures in the literary canon for their descriptions and management issues such as war and peace, honor and disgrace, love and hatred. Among later poets Sappho was remarkable, that shaped lyric poetry as a genre. Roman Literature:
In many ways, the writers of the ancient Roman Republic and the Roman Empire chose to avoid innovation in favor of imitating the great Greek authors. PAINTING Paleochristian
In the early Christian period include first the catacomb frescoes and peace of Constantine from his compositions to mosaic and fresco of the basilicas. Both will offer a very high value on the idea that involve even for their technical and artistic execution distension usually be models. The affairs of the pictorial compositions always simple in the catacombs are usually symbolic and historical and biblical. Romanesque Painting
Faced with a shortage of large mural painting programs (the mosaics and frescoes of early Christian tradition, which continued to develop in Byzantine art) or even icons, the main part of the painting is preserved prerrománca which developed in the workshops of miniature linked to the scriptorium of the monastery. ROMANTIC PAINTING
It has noble qualities and vices radical style that mimics and thereby retains many of the works could easily pass as Byzantine as only slight differences separating them from them. Developed mainly in Italy where Byzantine artists flowed in large numbers fleeing persecution and where he found more iconoclastic imitators elsewhere Byzantine mosaics. And like this, which served as a model for artists does not lend itself easily to the expression of the faces or the ease in folding the cloth or the beautiful view as a good brush when nature mimics. Gothic painting
The most obvious characteristic of Gothic art is a growing naturalism, as opposed to simplified and idealized representations of Romanesque. It is considered that this feature arises for the first time in the work of Italian artists of the late thirteenth century, which marked the dominant style in European painting until the end of the fifteenth century. Gothic painting approaches the imitation of nature that is the ideal of the Renaissance, including the representation of landscapes. In the Gothic, in keeping with the philosophical and religious trends, tended to approximate the representation of religious figures in a more human than divine, letting them show emotions and feelings. The painting, that is, the representation of images on a surface, during the Gothic period was practiced in four main techniques: mural painting, stained glass, panel painting and miniatures. Roman Architecture
It's called the Romanesque style in architecture result of reasoned and harmonious combination of constructive and ornamental elements of Latin origin, east and north which was formed in hristian Europe during the first centuries of the Middle Ages COMPONENTS OF STYLE
-The pillar and prismatic core compound.
-Cover barrel vault and groin.
-Polygonal dome on pendentives.
-Latin cross plan in church.
-Highly developed buttresses
-Bows bent and archivolts
-Fascias, decorative friezes
-Monumental sculpture applied to architecture Gothic architecture
placed special emphasis on the structural lightness and illumination of the ships inside the buildings. Romanesque but eventually came to oppose the massive volumes and poor lighting inside their churches. Developed primarily in religious architecture (monasteries and churches), having its greatest success in building great cathedrals. The two basic structural elements of Gothic architecture is the pointed or ogival arch and vault. Gregorian chants
Gregorian chant was very important because it is the only music before the ninth century preserved. It was a kind of music strictly voice and with one voice, or, at most, with an accompaniment based parallel fifths. The real stars of the new style were the troubadours and minstrels Minnesänger the Germans. They were poets musicians who sang all human feelings, being its main theme especially love, war and nature. OLD SINGING
The first texts dating decipherable and comprehensive mid-tenth century, and much of the tunes we know, were transcribed manuscripts not later however, we think that many pieces must have been in use for a long time when they were noticed . What has handed notation is, plausibly, a tradition established in the eighth and ninth centuries, reinforced by imperial and papal authority. ARS ANTIQUA
Called Ars antiqua is the way of making music from the XII-XIII, which is part of the first attempts to get rich polyphonic and lay the foundations of polyphony in their stage of fullness.Their most prominent representatives appear around the school called Notre-Dame de Paris and are Leonín, organist of Notre-Dame, and his successor Perotín. Features of epic poetry:
The medieval epic is characterized by mastersinger minstrel and distracting people reciting, singing and dancing epics, and because these are known epics. The fundamental characteristic of the epic was given orally, and this is the reason for the disappearance of most epics. Other features of the Spanish epic is its irregular meter, popular and expressive language, its realism and heroic themes. Features of epic poetry:
The medieval epic is characterized by mastersinger minstrel and distracting people reciting, singing and dancing epics, and because these are known epics. The fundamental characteristic of the epic was given orally, and this is the reason for the disappearance of most epics. Other features of the Spanish epic is its irregular meter, popular and expressive language, its realism and heroic themes.
They were stories with historical background, written in verse, recounting exploits of Germanic origin and as Ramón Menéndez Pidal. In the Kingdom of Castile think a trend from the Visigoths adapting to the Castilian and in which over time was assimilating elements of the French epic. Although the Spanish epic was almost completely lost, because we know that existed chronicles many themed songs on the counts of Castile, El Cid, the Emperor Charlemagne and the twelve peers of France ... XIII century prose: Alfonso X the Wise:
The prose in the Spanish language is manifested in the thirteenth century by Alfonso X the Wise that Arabic works translated and adapted and returning Hebrew and Greco-Roman culture also addressed direct historical works, scientific, legal, and poetic
Cantar de Mio Cid:
It comes from the most splendid period of the Spanish epic.
The poem of the Cid is a fourteenth century copy data according Menéndez Pidal in 1140, but the latest research placed in the thirteenth century. About the Author: Per Abbat know that was just a copyist placing the Mio Cid as anonymous, but Menéndez Pidal based on place names and dialectal features says it was written by two minstrels: San Esteban de Gormaz and Medinaceli although subsequent interpretations say San Esteban was just who wrote it. Jarchas:
Dating from the eleventh century and are short poems written in Mozarabic in which a woman makes love to his mother confidences or sisters. Have survived the coming of Granada, Cordoba and Seville. MODERN AGE
1492-1789 d.C Renaissance
Without renouncing religious themes, became more relevant representation of human beings and their environment, new themes appear as mythological or historical, or new genres such as landscape, still life and even the nude. The beauty ceased to be symbolic, as in medieval times, to have a more rational and measured component, based on harmony and proportion. Renaissance painting
underwent a significant change from medieval forms with naturalistic forms and mythological themes with secular or religious. Perspective studies allowed to do works of great realistic effect, based on mathematical proportions, with particular use of the "golden section".They used fresh and the temple, while the oil was introduced in the mid-fifteenth century by Flemish influence. Renaissance architecture
It values the surface of the walls. Externally the blocks are enhanced by the classic cushioning, and even tips are carved as diamond. The interiors are encouraged wall surface itself through elements harmoniously balanced: cornices, pilasters, columns framed, etc.. BAROQUE
Baroque architecture assumed a more dynamic forms with lush decor and theatrical sense of the shapes and volumes. Became relevant modulation of space, with preference for concave and convex curves, with particular emphasis on optical illusions and perspective of the viewer. Also gained great importance urbanism. NEOCLASSICISM
Basic factors that influenced the creation of neoclassical architecture were the determinants in the political, social and economic era, including prominently the industrial revolution, the crisis of the Old Regime, the Enlightenment, the encyclopedic, founding Academies, enlightened despotism.
It sought to provide a more scientific of the arts, so the artists had to be technical rather than inventors, and imitators rather than creators. HISTORICISM
In the late nineteenth century a new architectural movement emerged in Madrid: a resurgence of Moorish architecture, the neomudéjar, which quickly spread to other regions. Architects such as Emilio Rodríguez Ayuso saw Mudejar art unique style and characteristic of Spain Renaissance music
The music of the Renaissance and Renaissance music is European classical music written during the Renaissance, between 1400 and 1600, approximately. The stylistic characteristics that define Renaissance music are polyphonic texture that follows the laws of counterpoint, and is governed by the modal system of Gregorian chant inherited. Among its most widespread forms of music are the mass and the motet in the religious genre, the madrigal, chanson Carol and profane in the genre.
Renaissance music is characterized by a soft sound.
The system used melodic remained that of the eight Gregorian modes. BAROQUE MUSIC
Characterized by the appearance of tonality and the use of the basso continuo, the Baroque was the time they were created musical forms like the sonata, the concerto and opera.
The rate of low self establishes a clear and simple compass and the development of language itself differentiated instrumental vocal writing with musical adaptation of each type of instrument. Romanticism
The term romantic music, which could be confused with the music of Romanticism, is understood as any soft music or a dreamy atmosphere (not always be so). That term could be related to the word romantic who settled in Romanticism, but not all of the music of Romanticism meets these characteristics. Similarly, not all romantic music may be related to the Romantic period. Neoclassicism
In this period establishing governing structures to major forms. Among these is the so-called sonata form that is then implemented in most genres of the moment.
Fomas music: sonata, opera, symphony, concert, theme with variations, string quartet and wind quintet. The mester of clergy:
Surge in the thirteenth century fruit of office and work of the clergy. The main representative is Gonzalo de Berceo. The metric is very careful using Stanza frame via, succession of four monorrimos Alexandrine verses. Gonzalo de Berceo:
In his works appears a conception of the universe as a whole unit, its themes are very humanized religious characters, with a familiar and simple language. The works are Marian or hagiographic character, always using the frame via. Renaissance literature
The overhaul in the knowledge that began in Europe after the discovery of the New World in 1492 brought a new conception of science and research and ways of making art.
The drama went on stage entertainment. Playwright William Shakespeare is the most notable, but there were many more, as Christopher Marlowe, Molière, and Ben Jonson.
Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes has been called "the first novel." It was published in two parts, the first in 1605 and second in 1615 can be seen as a parody of chivalric romances, where the fun comes from trying a new form of popular heroic legends. Baroque Literature:
Unlike the Renaissance, the Baroque is characterized by the idea of disillusionment and pessimism. The common theme in this literature is life as a struggle, sleep or lie and the transience of human events, reflected in a sumptuous and ornate style. Baroque literature makes excessive use of adjectives, hyperbaton, ellipsis, metaphor, periphrasis, antithesis and mythological allusions. Baroque literature had different ways of manifesting Euphuism of English poets, the preciousness in France, in Italy Marinism, the First and Second Silesian school in Germany and in Spain Conceptism and Culteranismo. Neoclassical literature:
Literary works were of various types: collective, civil and moral, educational, etc., But generally had the following features:
-Predominance of reason over emotion and imagination
-Promoting tolerance, equality and freedom
The question of political power. Barroco
The Baroque developed between the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. It was a time of major disputes in the political and religious.Baroque painting developed in two opposing tendencies: naturalism, based on strict natural reality, with a taste for chiaroscuro.The art became more refined and ornate, with a survival of classical rationalism but with more dynamic forms and gimmicky, with taste so amazing and anecdotal, optical illusions and dramatic effects. Rococo
Developed in the eighteenth century, in coexistence with earlier century Baroque, Neoclassicism and concluding, meant the survival of major Baroque art forms, with a more emphasized the ornamental decoration and taste, which are carried a paroxysm of wealth, sophistication and elegance. The gradual rise of the bourgeois social and scientific developments as well as the cultural environment of the Enlightenment, entailed the abandonment of religious themes for new themes and more worldly attitudes, highlighting the luxury and ostentation as new factors of social prestige. Neoclassicism
The neoclassical painting remained austere and balanced seal, influenced by Roman sculpture or figures as Raphael and Poussin.revival of classical forms, more pure and austere, as opposed to ornamental excesses of Baroque and Rococo, identified with the aristocracy.
Movement profound renewal in all artistic genres, the romantic paid special attention to the field of spirituality, imagination, fantasy, feeling, dreamy evocation, the love of nature, with a darker element of irrationality of attraction to the occult, madness, dream.
Since the mid-nineteenth century was a tendency to put emphasis on the fact, the description of the surrounding world, especially of workers and peasants in the new framework of the industrial era, with some component of social criticism, linked to political movements like socialism utopian. Impressionism:
The Impressionists were inspired by nature, which sought to capture an "impression" visual. Was a new theme, derived from the new way of looking at the world with the landscapes and seascapes, cityscapes appear and night, indoors with artificial light, cabaret scenes ...
evolving from impressionism, neo-impressionists were concerned over optical phenomena, developing the technique of pointillism.
were a number of artists, starting of new technical findings made by the Impressionists, the reinterpreted personally, opening different developing critical to the evolution of art in the twentieth century. Symbolism:
Cutting Style fantastic and dreamlike, emerged as a reaction to the naturalism of the realist and impressionist, with particular emphasis on the world of dreams and satanic aspects and terrifying, sex and perversion. A main feature of the symbolism was aestheticism
applied to the latest artistic trends of the twentieth and early twenty-first.
The art of the twentieth century suffered a profound transformation: in a more materialistic, consumerist, art addresses the senses, not the intellect. Thus arose the avant-garde:
Arise various isms (Futurism, Dadaism, Cubism, Constructivism, ultraísmo, surrealism, Suprematism, Rayism, etc.), Various avant-garde trends with different aesthetic foundations HISTORICISM
In the late nineteenth century a new architectural movement emerged in Madrid: a resurgence of Moorish architecture, the neomudéjar, which quickly spread to other regions. Architects such as Emilio Rodríguez Ayuso saw Mudejar art unique style and characteristic of Spain
Modernism broke with previous styles and forms used for organic inspiration Modern movement:
Modernism is also found on the surface or in works of many composers, as atonality has lost much of its ability to terrorize audiences, and as to the film music used music sections clearly rooted in the modernist language of music.
Postmodernism is a strong influence on contemporary music. One critic noted that an easy way to find it is look for the word "new" or the prefix neo-or post-in the name of some movement. However, in a media age, systematic presentations, and power relations remain the dominant reality for most people born in the major industrialized nations, postmodernism seems to remain the most common mode of expression artistic. POLIESTILISMO
Poliestilismo is the use of multiple musical styles and techniques, and is considered a postmodern feature starting in the late twentieth and twenty-first-century accents. It is important to distinguish between the eclectic attitude, which is that of who collects material from different sources so poliestilista passive attitude, which is to merge the sources who consistently, deliberately and self.
The neotonalismo emerged in the second half of the twentieth century as a reaction to the atonality. Within this genus are included composers using the key again after it was largely marginalized by the currents of contemporary atonal genre.
Electronics is now part of mainstream music creation. The interpretation of works now often used midi synthesizers to accompany or replace some musicians or instruments. ROMANCE
The literature of Romanticism is the literary cultural movement that occurs in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century in several European countries such as Germany, France and the UK, is developed throughout the nineteenth century period, and continues to exert its influence in several of its most characteristic features, up to the present Literature postromantic
Parnasianism, symbolism and decadence:
The symbolism was a "literary manifesto" published in 1886 by Jean Moreas which is defined as "Enemy of teaching, declamation, false sensibility, objective description."
Realism and Naturalism
In the mid-nineteenth century there was a change in literary tastes to rejection of the "excesses of romanticism." We considered tacky sentimentality, formal anarchy fantastic themes, but retained the romantic manners, who was taken to its logical conclusion.
The characteristics of realistic literature and documentation are timely and detailed descriptions. In most cases, expresses positions or radical progressive policies in liberal revolutions environment.
ModernismIn Spain it is usually to the modernist influence, in the sense of Ruben Dario, in the Generation of '98, especially in Valle Inclan and Antonio Machado. CONTEMPORANY AGE
1789- actualidad Painting Painting Painting Painting ARQUITECTURE ARQUITECTURE ARQUITECTURE MUSIC MUSIC MUSIC MUSIC LITERATURE LITERATURE LITERATURE LITERATURE SCULPTURE SCUPULTURE SCUPULTURE SCUPULTURE Neolithic
Contemporary with the aforementioned sculptures postpaleolíticas engravings had to be still preserved in large rocks outdoors and inside some caves, sometimes made paintings. Age of Metals
Ages prehistoric copper and bronze Spanish and foreign idols have left us and many of the metal objects and clay with only geometric drawings. The iron moves into history with its first manifestations of archaic art. Paleolithic
The sculptural work of these objects consists mainly of animal figures recorded willing, usually, with some correction in the drawing and naturalness in attitudes and also in some rough figurines carved in bone, representing men and animals Nineteenth century:
Throughout the nineteenth century will attend a series of crises that result in aesthetic movements called historicists: either by the fact that technological innovations are not in a demonstration that adequate formal contemporary, well for various cultural reasons and contexts, architects period saw the copy of architecture past and D. The study of its canons and treated a legitimate aesthetic language Classicism music:
Some instruments emerge in this period, as the piano-forte, the Arpeggione and clarinet. While most symphonic instruments already existed from the Baroque, many of them change and adapt to new stylistic and compositional requirements of the time. While there are new tools and develop the already existing force others lose almost to extinction. EL CANCIONERO The venus are typical of prehistoric sculptures, presented carcteristicas large female fertility Classical sculpture
developed a style that combined the idealistic values with a faithful representation of nature, but avoided the characterization and interpretation of sensations too realistic emotional and usually remained in a formal setting of balance and harmony. Even when the characters were depicted in battle scenes, his expression did not reflect the facts of violence Hellenistic sculpture
Its generic features defined by eclecticism, secularism and historicism, based on the heritage of classical Greek sculpture and assimilating influences orientales.4 Among his original contributions to the Greek tradition of sculpture are developing new techniques, improving the representation of anatomy and human emotional expression, and a change in the goals and interpretations of art, abandoning the generic specific. Etruscan sculpture
his art is where the key to the reconstruction of its history, although Greek and Roman chronicles are also helpful. As their culture in general, Etruscan sculpture has many dark sides to scholars, to be controversial and force their interpretations always propose provisionally Roman sculpture
not only were able to assimilate and develop their expertise sources, but also provide an original and important contribution to this tradition, especially visible in the portrait genre that achieved great prestige and left singular examples of great technique and high expressiveness, and decorative sculpture of the great public monuments, where he developed a narrative style of great strength and character typical Roman. Romanesque sculpture
Romanesque sculpture, generally inserted within the artistic goals of the movement of Romanesque art, including communication between the Catholic Church and the faithful, which is the kingdom of God on earth and the temple. Thus, the sculpture had a close relationship with architecture, inserted as complementary, and was mainly devoted to the teaching of biblical scenes with stone reliefs that are understandable to the lay believers Gothic sculpture
It was a type of sculpture that evolved from the Romanesque and later be "dissolved" in what would be the sculpture of the renaissance and mannerism. During the Renaissance. Renaissance sculpture
The sculptors found in the remains and artistic discoveries of the past era that the perfect inspiration for his works. Also inspired by Nature. In this context we must take into account the exception of Flamenco artists in northern Europe, which in addition to overcoming the figurative style of Gothic Renaissance promoted a stranger to Italian Baroque sculpture
is developed through architectural creations, especially in statues, and also in the ornamentation of cities in plazas, gardens and fountains.
In Spain also manifested in religious images carved in wood, called imagery was expected to arouse the people's faith. Neoclassical sculpture
The neoclassical sculpture is included in a philosophical and aesthetic of an influential broadcast which ran from mid-eighteenth century and nineteenth century in Europe and the Americas. In reaction against rococo frivolity decorativism arose neoclassical sculpture inspired by ancient Greco-Roman tradition, adopting principles of order, clarity, austerity, balance and purpose, with a background of moralizing. The styles were developed with increasing rapidity, whether living together, juxtaposed or battling each other.
They were characterized by freedom of expression and the first avant-garde tendencies were Cubism and Futurism. The sculpture was bound to imitate reality and value empty, the play of light and the volume on negative, or could add a mechanical movement or weathering. The ancient music is the music history of antiquity and of which occurred in prior periods, not historical though for some periods will be written testimonies and others only remnants of material culture linked to music. Prehistory:
Paleolithic ------> 2.8 million years - 12,000 years
Neolithic------> towards the 7500 years
Age of the metals ----------> about 5000 years Renaissance Architecture
XV century artists abandoned the Gothic movement to join the Italian Renaissance, this took the works of ancient Greeks and Romans as models of perfect beauty. Renaissance architecture interprets classical art and tries to imitate the look of those constructions carried out 13 centuries ago. Architects Italians from Tuscany are the initiators, they took the lead in Europe. The aesthetic ideal was to consider the forms of beautiful monuments built in ancient Greco-Roman, this required re-design the western root. The new pensaniento was opposed to that used to project the Gothic buildings, their architects were branded cultivate the ugliness in his works. MIDDLE AGE 1492- 789 d.C
Romanic -----> over the centuries XI, XII and XIII of the
Gothic ----> from mid-twelfth century
Renaissance ----> XV century Renasissance ----> XVI century
Baroque ------> XVII and XVIII century
Rococo ------> eighteenth century
Neoclassicism -----> eighteenth century ROMANCE -----> Eighteenth Century
IMPRESSIONISM -----> Nineteenth Century
SYMBOLISM -----> Nineteenth Century
HISTORICISM -----> nineteenth and twentieth
MODERNISM ----> nineteenth and twentieth