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RUN-ONS AND FRAGMENTS
Transcript of RUN-ONS AND FRAGMENTS
DEFINITION OF A RUN-ON
- TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES THAT HAVE BEEN RUN TOGETHER WITHOUT AN APPROPRIATE CONJUNCTION (FANBOYS) AND/OR MARK OF PUNCTUATION BETWEEN THEM.
How to fix a run-on sentence?
NOW LETS PLAY A GAME!!
How to fix a fragment?
- AN EXAMPLE OF A RUN-ON IS A COMMA SPLICE. A COMMA SPLICE IS WHEN A COMMA COMBINES TWO SENTENCES WITHOUT AN APPROPRIATE CONJUNCTION
- A FRAGMENT FAILS TO BE A SENTENCE IN THE SENSE THAT IT CANNOT STAND BY ITSELF. IT DOESN'T CONTAIN ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.
Try to guess which one is a run-on sentence!
1. The basketball team is going to be very good this year.
2. Jeff is my best friend ever.
3. My car is out of fuel we cannot reach town before dark.
4. I just want to party!
1. I love to write papers I would write one everyday if I had the time.
2. I love to write papers.
3. I would write papers everyday if I had the time.
4. I am the best paper writer ever.
1. It was a beautiful day; there was not a cloud in the sky.
2. I don't play tennis well because I have a poor backhand.
3. John went to the movies, and Sue stayed home
4. Adam is a sweet boy he really loves animals.
1. I wish I could fly.
2. The boy showed us his tickets someone gave them to him
3. Mr. Daniel is the best teacher in Trinity High School.
4. Halloween is a holiday for scaring people.
Now which ones a fragment?
1. The circus clowns under the big top.
2. The circus clowns work under the big top.
3. The circus clowns party under the big top.
4. The circus clowns sleep under the big top.
1. Since I love fishing I go to the lake every weekend.
2. Since fishing is fun I love it.
3. Since I love fishing.
4. I love fishing because of the exhilaration.
Run-On Sentence Example:
Ex: Ran across the street and up a tall, new blooming tree.
- Ask yourself, "who or what performs the action?"
- Way to fix it: The Kitten ran across the street and up a tall, new blooming tree.
When you analyze a sentence looking for the main clause, you have to find three main things: a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. If one of these three items is missing, then you have a fragment.
Also, look to see if there are any subordinating conjunctions that create an incomplete thought.
A run on sentence has at least two parts, either one of which can stand by itself, but the two parts have been smashed together instead of being properly connected. Can only be connected with: a comma and a conjunction OR a period between the two independent clauses OR a semi-colon.
My favorite type of candy is Jolly Ranchers, they are so fruity.
- this sentence can be split up into two parts
The right way: My favorite type of candy is Jolly Ranchers because it is very fruity.
Here's an explanation that will further explain...
Here is a short fragment explanation...
WAIT. WHAT? What is a SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION?
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS LIST:
provided that when in order
rather than whenever although
since where after
so that whereas as
than wherever because
that whether before
though while even if
unless why even though
until after if
The subordinate conjunction has two jobs:
First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence. This transition will indicate a time, place, or cause and effect relationship.
Second, the subordinate conjunction is to reduce the importance of one clause so that a reader understands which of the two ideas is more important.
The more important idea belongs in the main clause, the less important in the clause introduced by the subordinate conjunction.
Complex sentences follow two common patterns:
Main Clause + Subordinate Clause.
Jermaine shook his head and sighed as he puzzled over the algebra problem.
Subordinate Clause + + Main Clause.
When the doorbell rang, Jermaine slammed shut his textbook and rose to pay for his pizza.