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Climate Zones of the World

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by

Aidan Richardson

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Climate Zones of the World

Climate Zones of the World Tropical Rainforest Continental Climates Thank you for your time! This climate zone is warm and has heavy rainfall all year, and the vegetation growing there is dense rainforest. Two main areas that would be considered part of this climate zone would be the Amazon basin and the Congo basin. 12 Climate Zones The World's Tropical Climates Tropical Savanna This climate zone is warm all year long, and has a very dry winter. It is grassy with scattered trees, and exists mainly in southern Brazil and eastern Africa - near tropical rainforests. Dry & Arid/Semi-arid Climates Desert This climate zone remains mild to warm year round with very low rainfall. Because of these harsh conditions, only drought resistant shrubs and bushes can survive. Two main areas that this climate zone exists are the Sonoran Desert and the Sahara Desert. Temperate Climates By: Aidan Richardson HI Mediterranean Humid Subtropical The Mediterranean climate zone has warm dry summers and mild wet winters. Shrubs, low trees, and drought resistant plants grow well there. A few places that fall under the category of this climate zone include southern California and the Mediterranean region of Europe. In the Humid Subtropical zone, common climate patterns include hot wet summers and cold partially wet winters. The vegetation for this climate is generally just mixed forests. Possible locations where this climate zone could be found are the southeastern U.S. and eastern China. Steppe The Steppe climate maintains a mild to warm temperature range and has a low precipitation rate, therefore, only certain grasses and shrubs can grow. A couple of places that qualify as part of this climate include the western Great Plains of North America and the Sahel region, south of the Sahara desert. Marine Coastal Also called "Marine West Coast" and "Oceanic", the Marine Coastal climate zone has cool summers, mild winters, and abundant rainfall. Because of such conditions, deciduous and evergreen forests thrive. Examples of areas where this climate zone takes precedence are the northwestern United States and northwestern Europe. Humid Continental Subarctic The Subarctic zone has short mild summers, long cold winters, and very light precipitation, so coniferous forests are all that grows there. A few places that this climate reigns are western Russia and the majority of Alaska and Canada. This climate zone's summers are hot and wet and it's winters are cold and slightly wet. Deciduous forests are a common sight in these areas, as far as vegetation goes. This climate can be found in places such as the northeastern United states, eastern Europe, and western Russia. Polar Climates Tundra Highland Icecap The Tundra is notorious for its short cool summers and long cold winters. It also has varying precipitation, and can only support low-lying grasses, mosses, and shrubs. It can only be found in the extreme northern parts of the world. Highland, also called "Alpine", has temperatures and plant life that vary with the altitude. Good examples of this climate zone are the Rocky & Himalayan Mountains. The Icecaps, with cold temperatures all year and very little or no vegetation, exist only in regions of the far north and far south, such as Greenland and Antarctica. With groupings from the Koppen climate classification system
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