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The Affective Filter Hypothesis

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Mindy Hulton

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of The Affective Filter Hypothesis

The Affective Filter Hypothesis

What is this hypothesis?
Krashen believed that one of the obstacles in language acquisition is the emotional factors that can effect learning. He believed that these emotions have the power to stand in the way of our learning due to fear or anxiety. In this hypothesis, the filter that is holding us back is preventing the brain from input and output. Self- confidence and stress play a major role in this hypothesis.
What does this look like in the classroom?
Desks are often arranged in groups, or clusters to promote discussion and practice among peers.
Example of an activity promoting this hypothesis
Second language students use cartoon to convey a message. This encourages humor, creativity, as well as practice with dialogue.

Based on the level of learning, differentiation can take place.
Students must pick a scenario in which at least 2 characters are involved in discussion. Their guidelines can be broad.
Students must create 6 cartoon slides portraying a funny scene and write the dialogue in the second language. (If this is too difficult, students could act it our and speak in front of a small group if they are comfortable).
What does this look like in the classroom?
The teacher creates a safe, and welcoming environment for the students.
Learners feel a sense of community with their teacher and their peers
Students feel encouraged to take risks and learn from their mistakes
Students are encouraged to show their personalities and interact with one another

Krashen's Hypotheses
Mindy Hulton ELL6000

"a mental block, caused by affective factors ... that prevents input from reaching the language acquisition device" -Krashen

Use humor
Use positive language
Show interest in students' lives
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