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Transcript of Sonnets
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
The Petrarchan Sonnet
The Shakespearian Sonnet
What is a sonnet?
The most well-known poetic form
Always has 14 lines
Always follows a rhyme scheme
Petrarch was a 14th century Italian poet
Written in 2 stanzas:
8 lines (octave) and 6 lines (sestet)
The octave: abba abba
The volta: the "turn"--a dramatic shift in tone or emotion; comes after the octave
The sestet: cde cde OR cd cd cd
Shakespeare wrote during the 16th and 17th centuries
Rhyme scheme: abab/cdcd/efef/gg
The volta comes before the rhyming couplet (the last two lines)
Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets!
There are other types of sonnets, like the nonce sonnet, the Spensarian sonnet, and the terza rima sonnet. We won't go into those for now (but you might in high school!)
What is rhyme scheme?
Rhyme scheme is the order in which words (usually the last words of each line) rhyme.
Each new sound at the end of a line is given a letter, starting with “A,” then “B,” and so on. If an end sound repeats the end sound of an earlier line, it gets the same letter as the earlier line.