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The Great Depression ABCs

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Kajsa Nyblom

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of The Great Depression ABCs

Kajsa Nyblom The Great Depression and South Carolina B is for Black Tuesday. The Great Depression began in 1929, when the Stock Market crashed. On Black Tuesday, panic spread that the Market would fall, and many investors began selling all of their stocks. As a result, the prices of stock plummeted, and 5 billion dollars was lost from the stock market by the end of the day. C is For Civilian Conservation Corps. The Civilian Conservation Corps provided jobs for men after the New Deal was passed. The men and families in South Carolina benefited from this greatly. These camps worked with forests, national parks, forest fire prevention, soil protection, and much more. A is for Annual Wage. E is for Education. H is For Hoover. I is For IPTAY. J is For James F. Byrnes D is for Duke Endowment. G is for Growth. K is for Knights of Columbus and Kiwanis International. L is for Letters. M is for Melton Field. The great depression was especially hard on farmers. The Farm Credit Administration borrowed money to farmers to refinance mortgages and buy seed, livestock, and equipment. South Carolina farmers received over 60 million from the FCA. This was one of many programs created to aid farmers. In December of 1924, The Duke Endowment was signed, giving Furman University and other colleges large donations. It relates to the Great Depression and South Carolina because it was the major reason that Furman University was able to survive and remain open through the hardest times of the depression. During the Great Depression, Education was compromised from lack of funding and the loss of students. Many students were forced to drop out of college. Depression forced the University of South Carolina to not offer any scholarships, and even raise tuition. Many parents wrote letters to the school asking for extensions on their payments. N is for New Deal. O is for Operator P is for Pension. Q is for Questioning. R is for Roosevelt. S is for soup. T is for Trails. U is for Unemployment. V is for Volunteers W is for Works Progress Administration. X is for Extra. Y is for Young Z is for Zero. The Works Progress Administration was the biggest of the New Deal programs. Millions of unskilled men performed public works. The workers built public buildings, roads, bridges, and more. The New Deal was a series of bills passed by President Roosevelt to stimulate the economy during the Great Depression. It saved many South Carolinians and Americans from starvation, and provided jobs for workers, relief for farmers, and much more. Franklin Delano Roosevelt became president in 1932. He promised many things to help the United States come out of the Great Depression. South Carolina was the state with the most votes for Roosevelt. He is most known for his New Deal program, Men and women receive Pensions after they have retired. South Carolina and five other states did not give out pensions during the Great Depression. This hurt the older populations of people in the United States during the Great Depression. Unemployment is when people do not have jobs. During the Great Depression, there were seventeen counties in South Carolina with an unemployment rate higher than 30%. Photo retrieved from http://www.econreview.com/events/ur1932b.htm Photo retrieved from http://thecoloradoobserver.com/2012/05/our-view-state-government-adds-jobs-even-as-unemployment-grows/depression-era-unemployment-line-3/ Retrieved from http://imprint.printmag.com/daily-heller/not-a-bad-deal-that-new-deal/ Photo retrieved from http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/cgi/vanga?userid=public&dbs=vanga&action=results&rset=&recno=1&numrecs=96&format=_contact Photo retrieved from http://www.newdeal75.org/whycelebrate.html After the Stock Market crashed in 1929, and the Great Depression began, the average annual wage of South Carolinians dropped from $261.00 in 1929 to $151.00 in 1933. Herbert Hoover was president from 1929 to 1933. Many people were unhappy with him as president during the Great Depression, and some of the most impoverished towns were nicknamed "Hoovervilles." Photo retrieved from http://bigeducationape.blogspot.com/2012/11/education-during-great-depression-yahoo.html We now know Melton Field as the University of South Carolina's Williams-Brice Stadium. It was first built by the city of Columbia, SC. The stadium was given to the University in 1935, because the Great Depression made it impossible for the city to afford it. The University had to pay the remaining debt of the stadium, and has since seen some major improvements and additions. Photo retrieved from http://rantsaboutsports.wordpress.com/2012/10/07/culture-shock-gamecocks-on-the-rise-plus-other-college-football-tidbits/ Photo retrieved from http://library.sc.edu/socar/archives/exhibits/greatdepression/campus.html Photo retrieved from http://www2.furman.edu/library/main/Pages/HistoryFurmanLibraries.aspx IPTAY, meaning, "I Pay Ten A Year," is Clemson University's athletic fundraising program. This program began in 1934, in the middle of the Great Depression. Even with hard times all over the United States and South Carolina, IPTAY was able to raise $1,600.00 its first year. Some donations were even accepted in the form of milk, sweet potatoes, and turnip greens. Photo retrieved from http://fc09.deviantart.net/fs70/f/2012/244/3/1/black_and_white_street_by_nizzidk-d5d594t.jpg Photo retrieved from http://www.frumforum.com/the-problems-with-stiglitzs-depression/ Photo retrieved from http://mytorontocanadambastudentexperience.blogspot.com/2011_12_25_archive.html Photo retrieved from http://www.stock-market-crash.net/1929-crash/ Photo retrieved from http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/histnotes/james_b_duke.html F is for Farm Credit Administration. Photo retrieved from http://irwinvillega.wordpress.com/category/irwinville-people/ When Christmas rolled around in 1930, many local civic groups collected toys, food, and clothing. The Knights of Columbus and Kiwanis International were groups that participated in passing out these items to those that faced the harsh effects of the Great Depression in Columbia, SC. Photo retrieved from http://mariettaflags.com/kiwanis-club-of-marietta/ Photo retrieved from http://olrchurch.mojoe.net/kof/ Photo retrieved from http://library.sc.edu/socar/archives/exhibits/greatdepression/campus.html Photo retrieved from http://bigeducationape.blogspot.com/2012/11/education-during-great-depression-yahoo.html Throughout the Great Depression, the United States struggled with growth. From crops and good soil, to the economy and standard of living, America struggled to grow over the 1930s. Photo retrieved from http://jessescrossroadscafe.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-great-depression-in-ten-pictures.html Photo retrieved from http://m.usembassy.gov/67135/show/38665c69f72ca456620cd81384fff669&t=7vn6ntb5t2d55grpom9dshp204 Photo retrieved from http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/great-depression/essays/great-depression When unemployment and poverty overwhelmed the United States, people and families were forced to rely on handouts such as soup lines. These lines cold get very long. After the Great Depression, American families learned not to let anything go to waste. Everything extra was used in another way. This was also when the "clean your plate" mentality began. Photo retrieved from http://www.drhildebrand.com/blog/2012/06/17/fat-today-fat-yesterday/ James F. Byrnes was South Carolina's junior senator at the time of Roosevelt's election. He also became close to the new president, and was a leader during the creation of the New Deal. He was the most influential South Carolina senator since John C. Calhoun. Photo retrieved by http://www.byrnesscholars.org/history/legisyrs.php Photo retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/herberthoover Photo retrieved from http://tigerpregameshow.blogspot.com/2013/01/january-15th-clemson-historic-picture.html During the Great Depression, many children and young adults wrote letters to President Roosevelt and the First Lady asking for things such as clothes, food, and money to pay for school. Some of these letters even told the president how much the New Deal was helping and working. Photo retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00wk9wn Photo retrieved from http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/psf/box36/a327f01.html Photo retrieved from http://www.lizcollinshistoryclasses.com/depression-the-new-deal--hope-in-new-mexico.html Photo retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/wpa-Works-Progress-Administration/dp/B002KBBGHI Photo retrieved from http://www.cviad.com/works-progress-administration/http:/ During the Great Depression, workers, farmers, and virtually every American was forced to question the effectiveness of President Hoover. The election of 1933, when Franklin Roosevelt was elected, was the result of the United States questioning and deciding that they want a better change. Photo retrieved by http://americanpicturelinks.com/32fr2.htm During the Great Depression, the CCC worked to develop National Parks and forests. They also made trails for public enjoyment during this hard time. These National Parks and trails still exist today. Photo retrieved from http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=25053 Photo retrieved from http://www.fttrc.org/ccctrail.htm Photo retrieved from http://sidestreets.freedomblogging.com/tag/great-depression/ The young people had a very important role in the Great Depression. CCC work camps were filled with over 3 million young men taken from cities across the country. In South Carolina alone, there were 98 camps. The Clemson CCC camp was formed near the end of the Depression but did a lot of work on private land and focused on erosion control. Today the site is part of Clemson University. Photo retrieved from http://www.clemson.edu/cafls/departments/forestry/cef/documents/ccc_camp.pdf For many people during the Great Depression, zero was a reality. But with the help of Roosevelt and the New Deal, America was able to recover and overcome the Great Depression. Photo retrieved from http://www.laprogressive.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/yes_we_can_poster_fdr.gif Women were also given jobs during the Great Depression. For example, many of them worked as telephone operators. Photo retrieved from http://patheoldminer.rootsweb.ancestry.com/calumet3.html Volunteers were a major reason that people survived the Great Depression. For the hundreds and thousands of people waiting in bread and soup lines, there had to be enough volunteers preparing and passing out the food. Photo retrieved from http://mrbruns.ning.com/profiles/blogs/monday-january-9-assigned-blog-1?xg_source=activity
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