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Copy of DESIGN 9 - THESIS (take 2)
Transcript of Copy of DESIGN 9 - THESIS (take 2)
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PALAYAN: PROBLEM The use of fossil fuels causes environmental and energy security problems. Renewable energy is being looked at as an alternative for Philippines. In addition, fossil fuels combustion is associated with emissions of CO2, ang other harmful gases leading to environmental impacts. SOLUTION The proposed solution for these problems is using renewable energy sources instead of conventional (fossil) energy sources Biomass from agriculture, especially rice husk, is a very promising renewable energy source since it is indigenous and is considered to have environmental benefits. OBJECTIVES Aims to maximize the advantage of waste and also to reduce the problems, by utilizing rice husk for energy. To develop housing and commercial facilities for the community, which will be powered by the rice husk powerplant To promulgate the technology of using rice husk to generate electricity. Rice husk power technology will be seen on the design of the structures and it will be incorporated on a community. However, this study will no longer provide deeper information and research on improving the rice husk power technology. SCOPE ADVANTAGES Economy
Wood and other types of biomass are widely used as fuels in the (private) domestic and industrial sectors, basically because they are cheaper than other fuels. Local availability and reliability of supply add to the economic advantages. Environment
The sustainable use of biomass energy sources helps to manage the local environment. When wood and other biomass are properly valued by local populations as an important resource base, they are more likely to be protected. Rural income
The use of wood and some other forms of biomass energy generates at least 20 times more local employment within the national economy than any other form of energy, per unit. Social
In times of hardship, or when harvests are inadequate for subsistence, the opportunity to generate income in woodfuel business provides a safety-net for the people affected. Efficiency
The application of biomass energy in modern technologies allows for increased energy efficiency by combined heat and power generation (cogeneration). Source: SUSTAINABLE DEV. DEPARTMENT(SD),
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORG. U.N.
Rice is grown in every region in the Philippines. The by-product of the milling process is rice husk, which accounts for 20% by weight of the rice. A large amount of rice husk is dumped as waste that brings waste disposal problem and methane emissions. A CARBON NEUTRAL -
TOURISM & AQUA SPORTS
CIRCUIT BERDE VISTA The Philippines is blessed with rich resources, and its historical and
cultural attractions offers ample opportunities for varied activities. There are virgin environment setting that is excellent for sightseeing, beach holidays, marine sports, adventures, etc. PROBLEM Livelihood still remains one of the problems in the Philippines; and hopes in tourism to generate tremendous income for the government. Although tourism can be very beneficial, it inevitably brings with it environmental and cultural degradation. Tourism an industry built upon the most fragile of natural and cultural environments, where the most inconsequential and innocent of human gestures can easily wreak havoc on the site’s resources. SOLUTION SUSTAINABLE TOURISM This is the challenge of sustainable tourism development. Tourism is expected to become an even more important weapon in the Philippines’ economic arsenal. However, both our tourist markets and the Philippine tourism industry itself have become more aware of the negative environmental and social costs associated with tourism development. The country has thus begun to recognize the need to adopt new development approaches in order to come up with tourist products that are environmentally sensitive and economically viable. OBJECTIVES The study aims to develop the potentials of the province but also to protect and preserve its natural beauty. The design aims to achieve sustainable design through low impact development such as :
1. carefully setting buildings
2. minimizing pervious surfaces
3. filtrating runoff
4. helping to preserve wildlife habitat
5. decrease storm water runoff
6. prevent erosion that can destroy
aquatic systems Aims to provide luxury but not sacrificing environmental goals. DISADVANTAGES/CONSTRAINTS If not done right, it can result to negative impacts on the environment. As the design goes green, it intends not to loose it’s function for tourism and aqua sports, the proposal will still accommodate various activities like surfing,
wake boarding, jet ski, dragon boat, kayak, etc., luxury has not been sacrificed to environmental goals. Everything that should be included in the design should be compatible and in harmony with nature. GREEN
GATEWAY: THE FIRST ENERGY EFFICIENT & TROPICALLY DESIGNED
DOMESTIC AIRPORT IN THE PHILIPPINES Airports are gateway for welcoming and well wishes, portals for thrilling guests and heartwarming reunions. Daily flights and continuous movements in and out terminals embody a strong sense of hope and progress. In strengthening these values, travel design and functionality is the key. AIRPORTS PROBLEM Medical studies show pollutants from jets can cause heart
failure or respiratory disease. They contribute to global warming and cause crop damage, acid rain and reduced visibility. With so many people coming in and out, cars dropping off and picking up, and planes departing and landing, airports produce a whole lot of air pollution and physical trash. Lack of infrastructure cited in limited tourism, air travel growth "MANILA, Philippines—The poor quality of infrastructure in the country is threatening to hold back the growth of the country’s tourism and air travel sector, driven by rapidly expanding low-cost carriers." SOURCE: Paolo G. Montecillo; PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER, Sunday, August 14th, 2011 OBJECTIVES To incorporate green design into the
airport. Highlight energy efficiency in the building Integrate tropical design and make use of its site advantages A new airport in the Philippines,
will it make SENSE? What's sustainable about a
GREEN AIRPORT? With the tremendous increase in air traffic and the number of people involved in their operation, airports are increasingly faced with the negative impacts they have on the environment. This has created a need for airports to function with a minimum environmental load. Noise and emission of Carbon Dioxide are the two main sources of this negative impact. Although aircraft cause the bigger part of this load, this brochure concentrates on the airport and its operational processes. Reducing the impact of the aircraft is the field of aircraft manufacturers, developing effective plans for an energy-efficient airport is the role of Architects. HOW? 1. Limit Demand for Energy
First of all, the utmost should be done to reduce consumption in itself. This requires the necessary insight into all relevant energy aspects when designing new facilities.
2. Use Sustainable Energy
Secondly, the use of natural resources or systems should be optimized.
3. Use the Highest Possible Conversion Efficiency for External Energy Supplies
When generating energy, naturally available waste products can be utilized, such as the application of biogas generators.
challenge! Good examples of minimal energy consumption for small systems are well known. To integrate these individual examples in a systematic approach on a much larger scale however is not easy. And the circumstances on an individual airport with many customers and employees are not going to help us either. A good overall planning and consequent follow up actions are required to fulfil the maximum potential in designing green airports. The combination between a strategic approach on a higher conceptual level, and the actual finding of practical solutions in the every day design practice isn’t easily made but essential in order to reach maximal environmental friendly solution. METHODOLOGY is it possible? RELATED LITT. FOSTER + ARCHIECTS The architectural firm behind ambitious green projects in the middle east, designed this new Green and sustainable airport in Masdar City, Jordan. Inspired by palm trees, the roof will be covered in photovoltaic panels to generate renewable energy from the sun and conserve water by collecting rainwater and night time condensation. Gaps in the ‘palm leaves’ will encourage natural ventilation to cool the building and the roof will also conserve heat while the courtyards will contain water pools to reflect natural light. CONFERENCE'S MANUALS & HANDBOOKS is it possible? RELATED LITT. The Philippine Green Building Council have teamed up with the European Union's Switch Asia program to launch and implement the Zero Carbon Resorts project. Alila Villas Uluwatu,Bali Indonesia
by Woha Architects conferences written documents KEY ELEMENTS OF L.I.D. Anne Guillette, LEED Accredited Professional
Low Impact Design Studio, WBDG