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Transcript of Interactionist Theory
What is the Interactionist Theory?
The theory that language is acquired from an interaction of a human's innate biological capabilities to acquire language with exposure to language in the environment in which the child is developing.
The interaction theory recognizes that both environmental and biological factors are important in language development.
Language develops from the interaction of biological, cognitive and environmental influences
Implementations to the
first language learner
Children's language is greatly influenced by the adults who surround them.
Infant Directed Speech
Important in the acquisition of a first language.
Caregivers and other adults spontaneously produce speech with accentuated pitch, intonation and melodic contours
Infants prefer this type of speech over regular speech and non-speech sounds
Infant directed speech may facilitate language learning.
Implementations to the Second Language Learner
When faced with learning English as a second language, the student can be compared to an infant.
Meaning they can only communicate with a teacher through nonverbal communication
This puts the responsibility to act as the caregiver in regards to their language development
Vygotsky and the Sociocultural model:
· The child first observes the adults around him communicating amongst themselves and then later develops the ability himself to communicate.
· Child learns best when interacting with those around him to solve a problem.
·Language development cannot be separated from social context.
Interactionists focus on Vygotsky's model of collaborative learning.
Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically
Interactionists stress the
importance of both the social
support that parents provide the
young language learner, as well as
the social contexts in which
language-learning child is instructed.
Interactionist Long's interaction hypothesis also stresses the importance of comprehensible input as a major factor in second language acquisition; however, he also believes that interactive input is more important than non-interactive input.
The research has investigated possible roles in Second Language Acquisition for
Child: It’s a bona..
Caregiver: What? Bona..
Child: It’s a fruit. Yellow..
Caregiver: Oh, fruit in yellow color.
Caregiver: Is it a banana?
Child: Yes. Banana.
Caregiver: It’s a banana.
Krashen proposed that Second Language Acquisition is based on comprehensible input.
Input is essential.
But, input alone might not be sufficient because the learners also need feedback about errors in order better their second language learning
Long also stresses the significance of interactional modifications which occur in the negotiating meaning when communication problems arise.
Social Interactionist theory:
What are ways you can incorporate this theory in your future classroom?
Does interaction help with learning a language?
What are the advantages or disadvantages of using this method?