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Sewing 101 FACS

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Susan Evans

on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of Sewing 101 FACS

Sewing is a fun and relaxing way to express your
. It’s also an activity that involves a lot of sharp and pointy objects that can be
if not handled with care.
Keep Sharp Objects Away from Your Mouth!
Your mouth is not a convenient "Holding Area" while your hands are busy.
Pins and needles go in pin cushions.
Imagine tripping with those pins or needles in your mouth.....OUCH.
Scissor Safety
set scissors down on a flat surface when not in use.
Keep scissor blades
when not in use!
Pass sharp objects,
handle first
, to another person.
Walk with blades pointing toward floor
attempt to catch if dropped!
Your Mood Makes a Difference!
Full attention needed while sewing.
Any kind of distraction can lead to a
Being upset, preoccupied or sleepy while trying to sew can lead to crooked cuts, messy stitches, and a finished project that needs to be redone.
General Concerns
Keep floor area clean to prevent accidents.
Keep shoes on at all times – you do NOT want to accidentally step on pins & needles!
Your sewing area must be CLEAN before leaving class.

Ms. Evans immediately!
Any problems with the sewing machine and/or hand sewing techniques – stop and ask for help.
Do not try to keep sewing, the problem will not go away.

Ironing Rules
Only touch an iron on the handle!
Keep your fingers and face away from the steam.
Rest the iron on its heel, not flat down on its sole plate.
Turn the iron OFF at the end of class!

Additional Concerns
All sewing equipment should be placed in designated area after use.

Talk quietly in work area, so teacher can assist other students easily.
Stay in assigned area
If assistance is need, STUDENT MUST RAISE HAND.
Good Idea or Bad Idea?
Bell Ringer
Do you have any sewing experience? Tell me about it! If not, tell me about something you would like to learn in the the next few weeks while we learn about sewing basics.
Bell Ringer:
Suppose a friend told you , "There's no reason I should learn how to sew." What assumptions might your friend have made to come to that conclusion? How would you respond?
How to Thread a Needle
Pass the freshly cut end through the eye of the needle. It's easier if you slightly dampen the end of the thread first.
Pull the thread through the eye.
Pull both ends of thread until they are evenly aligned.
Tie 2-3 knots to ensure knot is secure.
Bell Ringer:
Write a list of tips that could help prevent sewing related injuries.
Basic Running Stitch!
Now it's your turn!
We will be practicing the basic running stitch on a piece of felt. We will be sewing along the boarder of the fabric.
-Thread your needle
Sewing 101 FACS
Bell Ringer:
What happens when a button on your favorite shirt falls off? Do you take the time to replace it or do you stash it away?
Buttons on Buttons
Now it's your Turn!
Sew on 4 buttons correctly
-Make sure buttons are secure!!!!!!!!
After completing show Ms. Evans for evaluation.

Lay fabric right-side up
Fold bottom of fabric up 1/4 of an inch, pin, then press.
Fold top of fabric, 1/4 of an inch, pin then press.
Use a running stitch to sew across the bottom fold.
Use a running stitch to sew across the top fold.
Fold right side, 1/4 of an inch, pin, then press.
Fold left side, 1/4 of an inch, pin, then press.
Flip fabric, sew button (See example, DON'T FORGET TO SHANK BUTTON)
Fold like an envelope
Sew a running stitch along left and right side of envelope.
Snip a small notch for a button hole on the triangular part of the envelope.
Hand Sewing Assessment Project
We will be constructing a fabric envelope using a running stitch and button sewing techniques.
Pattern Selection
Bell Ringer:
Where do you find a pattern? Not just any pattern but one that you would use in clothing construction.
Pattern Selection
Determine Pattern size and type.
Summarize the guidelines to consider when selecting a pattern. (4.8.1-4.9.1)
Step One
Correct pattern size.
This may seem obvious, but it's surprising how many sewers start with the wrong size, then end up making a lot of adjustments to get a good fit.

Measurements are key!
When choosing a pattern size, you need to know some basic body measurements. A good place to determine this is by looking at a
Personal Measurement Chart.

Personal Measurement Chart
Take and record your basic body measurements wearing well-fitting undergarments.

1) Height: Without shoes, standing against a wall
2) Back-waist length: From prominent bone at base of neck to
natural waistline.

3) High bust: High up under arms across chest and back
4) Full bust: Straight across back and around fullest part of bust
5) Waist: Around body at natural waistline
6) Hips: Around body at fullest part of hips

Natural Waist Line
After years of low-rise, low-cut, booty-hugging jeans some of us have forgotten, or if you are young enough, never learned, the true location of our natural waist.

As I'm sure you're aware, sizing in the ready-to-wear industry is not consistent....

Designers frequently use what's called
vanity sizing
, which adds inches to each size.
What might have been a size 16 a few years ago, for example, is labeled a size 10 or 12 today.

Sizing is based on a standard set of body measurements, which are provided on each pattern envelope and at the back of the pattern catalogs.

How Ms. Evans Picked a Patten
Trip to Hobby Lobby (BEST PLACE EVER)
Scanned through catalog
Found desired pattern
Located pattern number
Searched though drawers
Found Pattern, Correct Size?
Bell Ringer:
Rank your sewing skills from one to ten. Explain why you gave yourself that particular ranking.
Identify the specific information found on a pattern envelope.
Explain the factors to consider when choosing notions
Identify questions to consider when choosing fabric for selected pattern

A pattern to a seamstress is very much like a blueprint to a carpenter building a house.
The pattern shows the
what, when and how.
Just like a blueprint, a pattern gives you a
basic plan
. This helps you successfully build or put together a product--
a garment
A pattern includes clear step by step
tissue paper pieces
to follow when cutting out your fabric.
With the help of a pattern, you
can buy all the
supplies and cut,
mark, and sew
your garment
Patterns also can give you ideas about
styles, fashions
and possible
Your Pattern has Three Main Parts.
1. Envelop front and back.
2. Cutting and sewing instructions.
3. Tissue patten pieces.
The Front of the Pattern Envelope:
Here you can find: pattern number, figure types, size and price.

A sketch and sometimes a photograph of the garment.

Different fabrics, designs and details that you can use.
Back of Pattern Envelope:
On the back of the pattern envelope is a
that states the amount of fabric you need to make the garments.
Lining or interfacing the amounts are listed.
Standard body measurements.
or items other than fabric that become a part of the garment. Example: thread, fasteners and interfacing. Listed under the heading Notions or Supplies Needed.
It is important to read the back of the pattern envelope carefully so you purchase the correct supplies.
What you will find on the guide sheets.
The first page gives you the cutting layouts, explanations of marking symbols, and a few general directions.
All pattern pieces are labeled with numbers.
Cutting layouts section shows how to correctly place the pattern pieces on your fabric.

Often there are
special notes
in the cutting layout section to make cutting and marking easier.
Sewing Directions
Takes you step by step through the process of making your garment. Complete each part before going on to the next step.
The bold line around each pieces is the
cutting line.
Most patterns have several sizes printed on one pattern piece.
Adjustment lines
show where to shorten or lengthen the pattern piece.
are the diamond- shaped symbols along the cutting line.
Bell Ringer:
Write about a sewing experience you've had in the past.
(4.11) Identify basic sewing equipment.
(4.13) Identify the basic parts of a sewing machine and function of each.
As you progress in your sewing skills, you may want to include other supplies for more advanced projects. Other supplies make the process easier.
Straight pins
—Select steel pins that are sharp. Dull pins can damage fabrics. Ballpoint pins can be used on knitted fabrics.
Pin cushion
—There are a variety of pin cushions available. A magnetic pin cushion helps hold pins in place. A wrist pincushion keeps pins accessible.

Dressmaker shears
(for cutting fabric)—For best results in cutting fabric select shears that are sharp. Bent handle shears allows the fabric to lay flat while cutting. Left-hand shears are available.
Tape measure—
A firm but flexible tape measure is a must for sewing. Select a non-stretching tape measure.
Seam ripper
—Select a seam ripper with a sharp point and curved edge to remove unwanted stitches. When not in use, keep the cover on to protect the point.
Sewing supply container—
Organize basic sewing sup- plies in a container so that they are easy to find. Some examples of containers include: shoe box, plastic self locking bag, zippered bag, pencil box, compartment box such as a fishing tackle box, etc.
Hem (seam) gauge—Select a metal gauge with double pointed slider. The gauge is six inches long and used to measure small areas such as hems and buttonholes. A small ruler may also be used.
Marking pen/pencil or chalk
—Select a marking device that can be easily removed from the fabric after sewing. Test the marker on a scrap of your project fabric to make sure it can be easily removed.
Hand sewing needles
—Hand sewing needles come in a variety of sizes. Select a sharp needle that is a comfortable length for your hand.
— used to protect your middle finger when doing hand sewing. Select a metal thimble. Thimbles come in a variety of sizes. Size the thimble to the middle finger of your sewing hand.

Basic Supplies
All-purpose thread-
Once you get more advanced in sewing, you might find the need to get into specialty thread. But for now, all-purpose will work for your projects.

Bell Ringer:
If you had the opportunity to sew any garment, what would you sew?
Parts of A Sewing Machine Word Bank
Hand Wheel
Bobbin Case
Presser Foot
Feed Dog
Foot Petal
Back Stitch Lever
Bobbin Compartment
Spool Pin
Presser foot Lifter
Seam Ripper
measuring Tape
Marking Pencil
Needle Plate
Seam Gauge
Pin Cushion
Aprons Day 1
Grab your apron fabric and pins.
Full transcript