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Copy of The Wigmaker

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Summer Johnson

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of The Wigmaker

Research information about colonial occupation
Gather and write down facts about information researched
Present information about information researched
Wigmakers were very important in Colonial Society
Wigmakers made perukes aka wigs & hair pieces for men an women
The occupation is still being practiced today

The Wigmaker's Occupation
Goods & Services Provided by Wigmakers
Customers of Wigmakers
Where Wigmakers Worked
Tools Used by Wigmakers
Interesting Facts About Wigmakers
The Wigmakers Occupation
Made and sold perukes aka wigs and hairpieces
Trained apprentices
Cut and styled hair
Sold special personal items (soap, powders, and perfumes)
Offered bathing facilities
Good & Services Provided by Wigmakers
Wigmakers offered a variety of personal grooming services including:
Making/weaving custom wigs
Washing , Touching up, Cutting & Styling wigs
Barbering services
Shaving & Dressing
Bathing facilities (full) & Wash up facilities aka Pitcher & Basin

Customers of Wigmakers
Only 5% of the Willliamsburg, VA, population, the Gentry, wore wigs in Colonial Times
The Gentry were those persons that were wealthy & had achieved a high social status
The Gentry included:
US Founding fathers such as Thomas Jefferson, & Patrick Henry
Merchants like Gunsmiths & Blacksmiths
Rich Planters

Where Wigmakers Worked
Wigmakers worked in the cities because they wanted to be part of the high society social & political scenes
They looked for shop locations next to the business end of town & next to the Capitol
Because of their locations, Wigmaker shops serviced many successful business & political figures
The shops offered a place where these persons could discuss opinions openly rather than back at he Captiol

Materials & Tools Used by Wigmakers
Animal & human hair were used by Wigmakers to make wigs
Common animal hair sources were: yak, goat, & horse
Common human hair sources were hair from Northern Europe & Asian girls
Tools used by Wigmakers included: Combs, Curling irons, Hackles, Weaving frames, Wig blocks, & Wig points
The Wigmaker

By: Summer and Anatasia

January 22, 2014
Interesting Facts
Custom made wigs required that you shave your head bald or cut your hair very short (women too)
White wigs were worn for formal events such as:
Battles (by Officers)
Dark wigs were reserved for wearing during the day time

Interesting Facts

Hair for wigs came from:
Yak from Tibet
Horse hair from China
Human hair from Northern Europe and Asia
Girls no younger than 5 & no older than 20
Girls were bred to sell their hair (they ate & drank specific things to make their hair healthy)
They kept their hair covered all of the time
They did not dye their hair

Interesting Facts
There were many styles of wigs
Most persons wore wigs that displayed what type of occupation they had
Process for making a wig:
Take a measurement of the customer head
Send measurement to wood carver to have a blockhead made
Make caul & nail it to the blockhead
Weave & stitch hair to caul
Style & color hair
"Colonial Occupations - Google Drive." Colonial Occupations - Google Drive. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
“Colonial Tradesmen: The Wigmaker." Colonial Tradesmen: The Wigmaker. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
"History.org: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Website." Wigmaker : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2014.
"Wigmaker — Past & Present Podcast : Colonial Williamsburg Official Site." Past Present Podcast. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.

Thank You!
Full transcript