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Boarding Kennel Study

Oral presentation 1
by

Manveen Kaur

on 18 October 2015

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Transcript of Boarding Kennel Study

Manveen Kaur
Boarding Kennel Study
Understanding Dog Barks
What's next?
Boarding Kennel Study
Method
Allelomimetic behaviour: doing what the other animals in the group do

Allelomimetic barking in shelters:
Barking in one part of the shelter starts a bedlam of barks in other areas of shelter
Average noise levels are 100 dB; peak value reaches 120 dB
Effects of loud noise in humans:
negative sleep, physiological or cognitive effects.
hearing loss
Dogs are capable of hearing sounds at least 4 times quieter than those perceived by humans.
So, the extreme noise in the shelters is a major stressor for them.
How do high noise levels affect dogs?
Cortisol production and its effects:
Physiological damage
Behavioural problems
Possibility of adoption of stressed dogs
Rejected by prospective adopters
If adopted, high risk of being returned
Serial re-homing
Euthanization
Results of a study by Bartlett et al. (2005)

Population Percentage
Total dogs 140,653 -
Adopted 40,005 28%
Euthanized 56,972 40%
Sleep and its affect on behaviour
Shelter dogs- beleived to be mostly pets
New environment : Loud noise + loss of daily routine
Dogs remain active during shelter business hours
Change in circadian patterns
Decline in overall health and ability to perform learned tasks
Why isn't the study conducted in an animal shelter?
Ownership of shelter dogs is unknown
Comparison of resting behaviour is difficult
Context and environment of boarding kennels similar to animal shelters-could be used for comparitive studies
What are boarding kennels?
Commercial establishments which provides accommodation, feeding and general care for dogs and cats on a short term, usually weekly, basis.
Goal: To quantify the timing and amount of rest a dog gets at home and in the kennel
5 Lower Mainland Boarding Kennels
8-10 customers from each kennel
Criteria for dog selection: age, size, behaviour and health
Equipment:
1. Adjustable lightweight nylon collar
2.. Accelerometer- HOBO Pendant G data-logger:
58mm x 33mm x 23mm; Weight = 18g
to monitor activity behaviour
programmed to start data collection using HOBOware Pro software
initialized to record the data for 2.5 days
Procedure and data collection:
Stages: pre-boarding, boarding and post-boarding
Data logger fitted for 5 days during each stage
Using non-parametric tests to compare the % of time each dog spends active vs. inactive in each phase
After the completion of boarding kennel study, Dog siesta study will be conducted.
Goals:
quantify the amount of day time rest
test if shelter dogs will access the daytime rest opportunities
test if overall barking noise is reduced when dog siesta is provided
Questions?
References:
Bartlett, P.C., A. Bartlett, S.Walshaw, and S. Halstead. 2005. Rates of euthanasia and adoption for dogs and cats in Michigan animal shelters. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 8(2):97-104.
Beerda, B., M. B. H. Schilder, J. A. R. A. M. van Hooff, H.W. de Vries, and J. A. Mol. 1999. Chronic stress in dogs subjected to social and spacial restriction: 1. Behavioral responses. Physiology & Behaviour. 66(2):233-242.
Campbell, S.S. and I. Tobler. 1984. Animal sleep: A review of sleep duration across phylogeny. Neuroscience and Behavioral Reviews. 8:269-300.
Coppola, C.L., R.M. Enns, and T Gradin. 2006. Noise in the animal shelter environment: Building design and the effects of daily noise exposure. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 9(1):1-7.
Kryter,K.D. 1985. The effects of Noise on Man. 2nd ed. Academic Press, Orlando.
Sapolsky,R. M. 2010. Stress, health and social behavior. Pages 350-357 in Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior.
Siegel, J.M. 2005. Clues to the functions of the mammalian sleep. Nature. 437:1264-1271
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