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Social Cognitive Theory

MAT 5310 Jigsaw Presentation
by

Leah Dumas

on 8 September 2013

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Transcript of Social Cognitive Theory

Social Cognitive Theory: Bandura
Presented by Leah Dumas
Albert Bandura
Born on December 4, 1925 in Alberta,Canada
Youngest of 6 children
Undergraduate degree at University of British Columbia
Graduate Studies at University of Iowa
MA, 1951
PhD in Clinical Psychology, 1952
Joined Faculty at Stanford University, 1953
`
Originator of Social Learning Theory
Fast Fact: Bandura refers to a Ukrainian
60-stringed musical instrument; love of music, to celebrate, to dance.
emphasizes that learning occurs in a social context and that much of what is learned is gained
through observation.
Social Cognitive Theory
Bandura's most famous experiment was the Bobo Doll Experiment conducted in 1961.
The Bobo Doll Experiment confirmed that people learn/imitate behaviors that they observe (or have observed) in other people.
In this specific experiment, agressive behavior was modeled.
"Most human behavior is learned
observationally through modeling..."
Albert Bandura, 1977
Symbolic model (fictional character)
Types of Models:
A live model
Verbal Instruction Model
Attention
Retention
Reproduction
Motivation
`
The model must get the attention of the individual.
The information or behavior must
be retained (stored) for use later.
If not retained, it's "in one ear and out the other".
The individual must be able to reproduce and
preform the behavior observed or modeled.
The individual must be motivated
to imitate the behavior modeled.
Reinforcement
Punishment
The Modeling Process
Self-efficacy
Individual's belief about their ability to do a "specific" thing.
This belief helps determine how people motivate themselves and behave.
What does Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory
have to do with learning content or skills
in the classroom?
The Social Cognitive Theory
is based on the fact that
learning is a social event.
Teachers can create a classroom environment that promotes the positive aspects of socialization and use them intentionally for student learning.
Classrooms can be set up as learning communities.
Centers
Class discussions
Group projects
Purposeful use of rewards and punishments
Extra credit
Reward systems
Responsibilities in classroom
Provide differentiated tasks
Have a variety of learning activities
Allow students to choose their task or assignment
Take time to discuss different strategies students use.
Support students as they develop and acknowledge
their self-efficacy.
Critical pedagogy, be approachable and encourage students
Moderately challenging tasks
The Social Cognitive Theory provides a foundation for classroom intervention designed to improve students' learning.
Students should be provided frequent access to models of the knowledge, skills and behaviors they are expected to learn.
Teachers should model the behaviors and cognitive processes we expect students to learn.
CGI (Cognitive Guided Instruction)
In my opinion, modern technology has given us many wonderful and advanced tools for teaching and learning, but it also has the ability to isolate many of our students. I feel that constant need for technology has hurt the development of social skills and hushed many of our classrooms and school hallways.
For instruction to be effective, it should include multiple types of models.
teacher, peers, parents
For the effective use of models, students need to be
provided multiple opportunities to practice the
behaviors or skills they have been observing.
How can
I do that?

Negative impact on reward system
Additional work
Detention
My Final Thoughts on The Social Cognitive Theory:
Bandura's research shows us that people can learn new information and behavior by watching other people (models).
Learning is a social event.
Individuals typically seek models that are similiar to themselves.
"When people are free to do as they please,
they usually imitate each other."
Eric Hoffer (Hoffer, 1955)
Students can learn in a variety of different ways,
but not demonstrate that learning until
motivated to do so. (self-efficacy)
I believe with the implementation of
Common Core, Arkansas classrooms will become
more "social" and students will learn by
observing in addition to benefiting from the interactions.
Pajares, F. (2004). Albert Bandura: Biographical sketch. Retrieved 9/15, 2012, from http://des.emory.edu/mfp/bandurabio.html

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. (Reprinted in H. Friedman [Ed.], Encyclopedia of mental health. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998).

Kille, D. Andrew. (2010), Imitating Christ: Jesus as a Model in Cognitive Learning Theory. Retrieved 9/16 2012, from http:/psybibs.revdak.com

Denler, Heidi, (2006), IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION, Retrieved on 9/15 2012, from www.suite101.com

Cherry, Kendra, Social Learning Theory: An Overview of Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, Retrieved on 9/14, 2012 from www.about.com/psychology
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