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Metaphor II

Extended Metaphor, I.A.Richards, Tenor, Vehicle

Curve Learn.com

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Metaphor II

Meta comes from the Greek, μετά meaning across metamorphosis meta=across morph=change
like transform trans=across phor . from the Greek φέρω phero, meaning 'carry' or 'bear' In a metaphor meaning is carried from
one thing to another. for example... have faded have faded the beauty,
freshness, perfume and
colour of the rose to the woman in these metaphors... 'rosy cheeks' and
'the roses in her cheeks the roses in her cheeks extends the
metaphor of rosy
cheeks An extended metaphor is where
the first metaphor is developed
and a new, linked idea is
added. is called the tenor 'rosy cheeks' beauty,
perfume, fresh, colour on thy cheeks a fading rose fast withereth (withers)
John Keats, 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' 1819 LYSANDER
How now, my love? Why is your cheek so pale?
How chance the roses there do fade so fast?
Belike for want of rain, which I could well
Beteem them from the tempest of my eyes.

A Midsummer Night's Dream FRIAR LAWRENCE
the roses in thy lips and cheeks
shall fade to wanny ashes
Romeo and Juliet (=wan, or 'pale') fading symbol of death
cf 'ashes to ashes, dust to dust' this extended metaphor
adds the image of ash (death)
to mere 'fading'. Friar Lawrence
says Juliet is fresh and beautiful.
But for how much longer? perhaps it's because of the lack supply violent storm That's metaphor, extended
metaphor, I.A. Richards' theory
of the tenor and the vehicle
all wrapped up. learn more about the MAGICAL world of
metaphor in Metaphor III transfer the thing that
transfers is called 'the vehicle' the thing it
transfers to... the theory of the vehicle (the thing that transfers) and the tenor (the thing that is goes to) was first set out by I.A. Richards in 'The Philosophy of Rhetoric' 1936 this develops the metaphor of
fading roses by adding the metaphor of the storm of tears
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