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Sarah Peddle

on 4 June 2015

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Transcript of Atheism

Religions are viewed as irrational
Not enough evidence to prove the existence of any religion
Not self-reliant
Have lost faith in religion
Religion often causes war
Religion sabotages basic human rights
Religion prevents scientific research
Atheists have no set beliefs, as it is a loose term assigned to people who do not believe in a God

However, many agree on certain things, such as:
The 'Big Bang'
A lack of 'Life after Death'
History of Atheism
• Humanism
• Postmodernism
• Rationalism
• Secularism
• Unitarian Universalism

What is Atheism?
Is the lack of belief in a god and/or the belief that there is no God.
The word Atheism comes from a, meaning without, and theism meaning belief in god or gods.


By: Ryan, Maggie and Sarah
Why Atheism?
There are several types of Atheism, with differentiating characteristics

These Include:
Famous Atheists
Types of Atheism
Humanism is a positive attitude to the world, centered on human experience, thought, and hopes.
Rationalism is an approach to life based on reason and evidence.
Postmodernism is "post" because it denies the existence of any ultimate principles, and it lacks the optimism of there being a scientific, philosophical, or religious truth.
Secularists are not against the right of individuals to have a religious faith. What they oppose is special treatment for religious beliefs and organisations.
Unitarian Universalism
Does not have an official definition of God, but allows members to develop individual concepts of God.

(535 BC - 475 BC):
Pre-Socratic Greek Philosopher,
and regarded as a 'Pioneer of Wisdom'

Karl Marx
(1818 - 1883): 'The Father of Communism', was a philosopher, sociologist, and revolutionary.

Richard Dawkins
(1941 - Present): An
evolutionary biologist, ethologist and
Some Famous Atheists Include
Sir Isaac Newton was a
famous Rationalist

Hegel's writing was the inspiration for atheistic movement
He believed that God was dependent on the world as the world was dependent on God
"God was not sufficient in Himself and therefore he was unnecessary and ultimately imaginary"
German Philosopher and an early atheistic philosopher
He denied supernaturalism and focused on Nature rather than God, "Man, is dependent not on God, but on nature"
He believed that men used God as an explanation for their own existences as well as what happened around them, "A person's essential preoccupation is with the self, and the worship of God is actually worship of an idealized self"
Why are we here?
What is our purpose?
How do we know what we know?
Why are we significant?

Diagoras "The Atheist" of Melos
A greek poet and sophist, during the 5th century BC
Believed to be an atheist
Spoke out against the Greek religion
Was accused of imiety by the Athenians
He, like Socrates, gave offense by their views concerning the national gods
Georg Wilhelm
Friedrich Hegel
Ludwig Feuerbach
Theodorus the Atheist
(c. 340 - c. 250 BCE)
Cyrenaic philosopher
taught others that the goal of life was to obtain joy and to avoid grief
He was said to be "The Atheist" by ancient writers
there is doubt on whether he actually was an atheist or if he just denied the existence of the gods of popular belief
Niccolo Machiavelli
promoted a social ethic which did not depend on belief in, or the existence of, a supreme God
Friedrich Nietzsche
Father of the Death of God School
He would teach others that since God does not exist that man must devise his own way of life
Jean-Paul Sartre
argued that "man not only creates his own destiny, each man has only himself as the sole justification for his existence"
believed that there was no eternal meaning to life, just that we, as individuals, simply exist without reference to others
Full transcript