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Immigration to Australia
Transcript of Immigration to Australia
My Families Immigration to Australia
Immigration to Australia on my
Immigration to Australia on my Mum's
On my Mum's father's side, we don't know much about the immigration at all. We do know that I am 7th generation Australian and my backgrounds are English, Irish, Scottish and German though.
This is a bit of information on my family that we could find out:
My Great Grandfather, Ronald Lawrence, was born in 1930 at Forbes in New South Wales. He had 5 sisters and 1 brother and married to Eileen Black. Eileen Black was 1 of 3 children.
The Blacks originally were known as the MacGregors, but due to a family dispute regarding their religion they were outcast and became known as the Black MacGregors. Leaving their family behind in Scotland, they travelled to Australia around 1850 and they dropped the name MacGregor and went with Black.
Ronald and Eileen lived in Wollongong where Milton Lawrence (my Poppy) was born. He grew up with 4 sisters and became a brick layer. He married Christine Egglestone and moved to Brisbane where they had 3 kids, Russell, Sherrie (my Mum) and Richard Lawrence. When my Mum was 29 she married my Dad, Bryan McConville. In 2002 when my Mum was 30, she had me and the next year my Mum's mother passed away and later that year my brother was born.
Commonly around the 1850's the Irish would leave Ireland for a number of reasons:
In Ireland the citizens would rely on the potatoes as a main part of their economy for food and because farming potatoes creates employment. After a series of crop failures people had lost their main source of food and employment. This was "The Great Irish Potato Famine" (famine means that they had a survere shortage of food). It is believed that the great famine caused over a million Irish people to die of starvation and fast spreading disease. Many people became desperate and committed minor crimes so they could survive. If they were caught they could be sent to prison and then, as convicts, sent to Australia because the laws were strict and all the gaols were full.
These conditions of famine, disease and unemployment were disastrous and often forced families to move so that they had a chance to find a better life.
In the 1850 period the Irish were under the English rule and there was religious persecution (persecution means treated cruelly because of their beliefs). Many Irish Catholics would refuse to change religions to the Church of England. Because of how badly and unfairly they were being treated, a common way to escape would be to move countries like Australia and America.
In Ireland, once family members emigrated to Australia, may decide to follow them.
Why did people commonly Immigrate to
For my family the immigration to Australia was too long ago to talk to anyone in my family about the immigration. Although I did find out who made the immigration to Australia and on which boat:
My Great, Great, Great, Great Grandparents on my Dad's mother's side of the family, John Carey (born in 1817) and Catherine Sweeney (born in 1827) were married at the Banagher Roman Catholic Church, Kings County (now County Offaly) Ireland June 8th, 1855. Not long after that they left Ireland and risked everything they had to get a better life. They arrived at Port Adelaide, SA on a ship called the 'Nimrod' from Southampton on 1 January 1856. John was aged 38 and Catherine was 28. John was a labourer and horse dealer.For several generations most of the Carey's continued to live in South Australia. In fact some still do. During the depression in the 1920s jobs were very hard to find so people would travel far to find an occupation. My Great Grandfather Claude Carey moved from South Australia to Casino in NSW to find work so he could support his family. At the time he was invited to play cricket with Don Bradman (the words best batsman) but he said no because he had to earn money for his family and at the time the players didn’t get paid to play sport. Claude joined the Australian army in the World War II and trained near Warwick where he met and married Elva. After the war he and his wife Elva owned and operated several retail businesses. They had 5 children including my Nanna (Elizabeth Carey) but because 1 of them was often quite ill they had to move to Brisbane near bigger hospitals. The McConville’s originated from Northern Ireland near Craigavon. We believe that the McConville's migrated from Ireland in the 1850s. My Great Grandparents lived in Orange NSW before moving to Sydney. They then moved to Brisbane for work where my Grandfather Paul met my Nanna. They had 3 boys, my Dad and his 2 brothers Glenn and Darren.
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