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Pneumonia

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Julie Tran

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Pneumonia

Pneumonia
Shivam Kaushal
and
Julie Tran

Description of the Condition
- lung infection caused by
bacteria/virus
- alveolar inflammation
- fluid and pus fills the
alveoli
- less space to breathe

("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Symptoms
- cough
- fever
- fast breathing and short
breath
- shaking and chills
- chest pain
- fast heart beat
- exhaustion/weakness
- nausea
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Double Pneumonia
Single Pneumonia
Lobar Pneumonia
both lungs are affected
one lung is affected
only certain lobes of the lungs are affected
3 Types of Pneumonia
How severe pneumonia is and
its longevity depends on...


Age and Health
Bacterial or Viral Pneumonia?
Time
Immune System
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Causes
- viruses e.g. the flu
- bacteria
- fungus
- parasites (in rare cases)
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
How You Get Pneumonia
You may get pneumonia...
- by breathing infected air particles into your lungs
- by breathing certain bacteria from your throat and nose
into your lungs
- during or after a viral upper respiratory infection (e.g. cold
or influenza (flu)).
- as a complication of viral illnesses (e.g. measles or
chickenpox)
- if you breathe large amounts of food, gastric juices from the
stomach, or vomit into the lungs (aspiration pneumonia)

("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Treatment
Bacterial Pneumonia
Viral Pneumonia
Fungal Pneumonia
- antibiotics
- do not have to go to the hospital unless...
- its for testing
- you’re a senior
- have other problems
- not getting better

- antibiotics DO NOT work
- treat each individual symptom
- some over-the-counter medicines that reduce fever,
headaches, suppress cough

- antifungal medicine
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Diagnosis
* Physical Exam
- stethoscope
If you have pneumonia...
- lungs may make crackling, bubbling and rumbling sounds
- you may be wheezing
- may be hard to hear sounds of breathing in some areas of your
chest


("Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment," n.d.)
* Chest X-Ray
- if your doctor suspects pneumonia
("Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment," n.d.)
Some patients may need other testing, including...
* CBC Blood Test
* CT (or CAT) Scan
* Sputum Tests
* Pleural Fluid Culture
* Pulse Oximetry
* Bronchoscopy
RISKS
Antibiotic Resistance
- Bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics
- Harder for antibiotics to work over time
- If the patient got the disease again, the antibiotics wouldn’t work
as well
("Pneumonia," n.d.)
Diagnosis
Antibiotics
- easy to use/consume
- more affordable than many other treatments
("Some Pros and Cons of Antibiotics," n.d.)
BENEFITS
Diagnosis
CT Scan
- quick and accurate
- eliminates the need of having invasive surgery
("CT scan - Risks," 2013)
* CT Scan
- if you don't have any symptoms then it just adds
more anxiety
- x-rays may harm the unborn child of a pregnant
woman
- children could be at risk of build-up of radiation
("CT scan - Risks," 2013)

References
Bronchoscopy. (2012, October 24). Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/lung/
bronchoscopy-16978

Bronchoscopy: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003857.htm

Crosta, P. (2014, September 26). What is pneumonia? Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://
www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/151632.php

CT scan - Risks . (2013, October 17). Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/CT-
scan/Pages/Risks.aspx

Pleural Fluid Culture. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://www.healthline.com/health/pleural-fluid-
culture#Preparation4

Pneumonia-Topic Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/lung/tc/
pneumonia-topic-overview

Some Pros and Cons of Antibiotics. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://enlightenme.com/pros-
and-cons-of-antibiotics/

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment - American Lung Association. (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2015, from
http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/symptoms-diagnosis-and.html









References
(for pictures)
References
(for pictures part 2)


Lungs. (2014, January 1). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://cdn2.insidermonkey.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/lungs-md.png

Lobes of the Lungs. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://www.clevelandclinic.org/thoracic/airway/images/lung_lobes.gif

Magnifying Glass. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://40.media.tumblr.com/f02e9c9420ed078579aff35fc4d4e52d/tumblr_mijdkfwvGX1r5n9x4o1_500.jpg

One Lung. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://comps.canstockphoto.com/can-stock-photo_csp22385382.jpg

Physical Exam (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://images.all-free-download.com/images/graphicmedium/doctor_examining_a_patient_clip_art_19487.jpg

Pleural Fluid Culture Diagram. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://www.heart-valve-surgery.com/Images/pleural_effusion_drain.gif

Pulse Oximetry. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://www.bestmanhk.com/UploadFiles/20101916190410.jpg

Shutterstock Lungs diagram. (n.d.). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://i.livescience.com/images/i/000/030/270/iFF/shutterstock_90859748.jpg?1345672360

Sleep emoticon. (2014, June 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.essentialoilslab.com/EOL/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Sleep3.png

Sputum Test. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://www.leicsrespiratorybru.nihr.ac.uk/EasysiteWeb/
getresource.axdAssetID=19008&type=full&servicetype=Inline

Symptoms of Pneumonia Diagram. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Symptoms_of_pneumonia.svg

Time. (n.d.). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://westminster-consulting.com/Files/Blog/Images/time.png

Viruses. (2015, February 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.tnews.media/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Viruses.jpg

Worried Emoticon. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from https://cdn0.iconfinder.com/data/icons/emoticons-2/512/22-512.png

Antibiotics. (2014, February 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.rebootwithjoe.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Antibiotics.jpg

Antifungal Drugs (n.d.) Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://image.slidesharecdn.com/antifungal-drugs-1232595631665744-1/95/antifungal-drugs-1-728.jpg?
cb=1232595859

Bacteria. (2009, November 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.darwinthenandnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Bacteria.jpg

Breathing easier; lungs diagram. (n.d.). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.med.umich.edu/CIC/photos/breathing-easier_main.jpg

Bronchoscopy. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/media/medical/hw/h9991535_001.jpg

CBC Blood Test Diagram. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 http://www.seattlechildrens.org/kids-health/image/ial/images/974/974_image.gif

Chest X-Ray of Pneumonia. (2013, August 26). Retrieved April 12, 2015 http://www.mayoclinic.org/~/media/kcms/gbs/patient%20consumer/
images/2013/08/26/10/01/ds00135_im00621_pnuesmal_gif.ashx

Creative Rainy wallpaper. (2009, January 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.zastavki.com/pictures/1920x1200/2009/
Creative_Wallpaper_Rainy_Day_017322_.jpg

CT Scan. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 http://www.intelfreepress.com/wp-content/uploads/migrated/image-2210.jpg

Doctor and Elderly patient. (n.d.). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.cfpc.ca/uploadedImages/Directories/Committees_List/Cartoon213x284.jpg

Elemental air. (2012, March 1). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.lunasgrimoire.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Air_elemental_by_Iriloth-532x330.jpg

Happy Emoticon. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2015 from https:www.iconfinder.comicons/226486emote_emoticon_emoticons_face_happy_laugh_laughing_smiley_
smiley_face_icon#size=512

Immune System. (n.d.). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/images-new/education-page/image/immune-system.jpg












- organisms come when your lungs are more likely to be infected ("Pneumonia," n.d.)
(Shutterstock Lungs diagram, n.d.)
(Lungs, 2014)
(Symptoms of Pneumonia Diagram, n.d.).
(Doctor and Elderly patient, n.d.)
(Bacteria, 2009)
(Time, n.d.)
(Immune System, n.d.)
(Antibiotics, 2014)
(Sleep Emoticon, 2014)
(Antifungal Drugs, n.d.)
(Magnifying Glass, n.d.)
(Chest X-Ray of Pneumonia, 2013)
(Physical Exam, n.d.)
(CBC Blood Test Diagram, n.d.)
(CT Scan, n.d.)
(Sputum Test, n.d.)
(Bronchoscopy, n.d.)
(Pleural Fluid Culture Diagram, n.d.)
(Pulse Oximetry, n.d.)
(Worried Emoticon, n.d.)
(Happy Emoticon, n.d.)
Full transcript