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Critique Of Critical Criminology
Transcript of Critique Of Critical Criminology
Criticize the capitalism and "free" market economy
Right in terms that inequality exists among people and that opportunities are obscure for non-wealthy.
Instrumental Marxists hold that the state is manipulated by the ruling classes to act in their interests.
Structuralist Marxists believe that the state plays a more dominant, semi-autonomous role in subjugating those in the (relatively) powerless classes
Quinney- idea that the studies done by "traditional" criminologists are done to serve the interests of the bourgeoisie are invalid.
Spitzer- "Marxian theory of deviance," which became the model explanation for criminal behavior among Marxist criminologists.
did not focus on the origins of crime in the trouble populations of revolutionaries, youth gangs, and the unemployed, but instead chose to talk about what he felt were the hypocritical aspects of capitalism that cause criminality.
Greenburg- theory of juvenile delinquency that, although now seen as lacking empirical data to back it up, helped to establish the Marxist Theory of Criminology as less of a Marxist means of influencing criminal justice policy, and more of an approach to looking at crime influenced by the works of Marx.
Political Economy Theory
Production, buying, and selling, and their relations with law, custom, and government, as well as with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Critics of critical theories argue that critical theories have marked crime as a political category, but have excluded many other factors.
Critical criminology takes the sociological approach to crime Critics of the sociological approach to crime argue that sociological theories are too narrow in understanding crime causation.
Sociological theories of crime causation can be divided into two groups of theories:
Sociological theories based on the factors relatively independent of social interactions and
Sociological theories based on the factors which are results of social interaction and social dynamics.
Social science in general and criminology in particular represents a male perspective upon the world in that it focuses largely upon the crimes of men against men.
Women commit significantly less crime than men, is hardly engaged with either descriptively or explanatory in the literature.
It is assumed that explanatory models developed to explain male crime are taken to be generalizable to women in the face of the extraordinary evidence to the contrary.
The conclusion that must be drawn is that not only can those theories not be generalized to women, but that that failure might suggest they may not explain adequately male crime either
There are two key strands in feminist criminological thought;
That criminology can be made gender aware and thus gender neutral; or
That criminology must be gender positive and adopt standpoint feminism
A theoretical perspective in criminology which focuses on challenging traditional understandings and uncovering false beliefs about crime and criminal justice, often but not exclusively by taking a conflict perspective
Marxism, feminism, political economy theory or critical theory.
"defined as any criminological topic area that takes into account contextual factors of crime or critiques topics covered in mainstream criminology"
Product of oppression of workers, (particularly, the poorer sections) and less advantaged groups within society, such as women and ethnic minorities, are seen to be the most likely to suffer oppressive social relations based upon class division, sexism and racism.