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Parametric Architecture Of Zaha Hadid By Waqas Javed

Parametric design is a process based on algorithmic thinking that enables the expression of parameters and rules that, together, define, encode and clarify the relationship between design intent and design response
by

Waqas Javed

on 16 March 2017

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Transcript of Parametric Architecture Of Zaha Hadid By Waqas Javed

HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTER
CASE STUDY I:
PARAMETRIC ARCHITECTURE BY
Z
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H
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WAQAS JAVED

No actual definition to define meaning
Parameter?
General Use of the word PARAMETRIC
generative
computational
digital
computer aided
associative
'' It's quite easy to distinguish something designed using parameters and algorithms from the rest, so it gives us a message
"I m contemporary, I was rethinked "
True Meaning in Architectural Lingo
A design of a building that is defined by its parameters

It's an artistic architectural style which values form over functional for visual satisfaction.

Its an animated geometrical entity unlike rigid geometrical figures.

Creating a building on certain parameters
Simulate lighting

Simulate temperature

Simulate energy usage

Simulate water usage
TIMELINE
THE HISTORY OF PARAMETRICISM
1839
1898
1960
1940
1837
1821
1839
Samuel Earnshaw
Hyperbole Parametric. Surfaces deformed by lines of forces (1839, 102)

1898
Antoni Gaudí
Colonia Guell Chapel
Hanging chain model(1675, 31)

1940
Luigi Moretti
Coined “Parametric Architecture” (Moretti, 1971)
Stadium N (Bucci and Mulazzani 2000, 114)

1960
Rise of the computer age
Ex. Itek’s Electronic Drafting Machine (Weisberg 2008)

1821
Sir John Leslie
Proved self-similarity of catenary curves using parametric circles

1837
James Dana
Wrote a paper titled on “On the drawing of figures of crystals (Dana 1837, 43)

1980
1980
Concept and Design Principles
Parametric modeling is the integration of programming techniques into the design process.
Concept development in parametric design is done on some simple rules, which are as follow:
Imagining fluidity and shapes in a form, which may create patterns and spaces. It’s a fusion of shapes, nature and human body.
1
Finding the possibility of space and having the freedom to play.
Differentiating and transforming geometry and inventing it in different forms.
Freedom to work around the techniques in computer graphics to observe a geometric and constructive sense and finding spaces.
Handling curve-shape forms using relatively complex geometrically procedures.
Study the sensitivity of the shapes and fluids
ARCHITECTS
INVOLVED WITH PARAMETRICISM
Frank Gehry
Disney Concert Hall
Fisher Center at Bard College
Energize Civic Center
Herzog &
De Meuron
Allianz Arena
Walker Art Center
Beijing Olympics Stadium
Hani Rashid
& Lise Anne
​Yas Viceroy Hotel

ARC River Culture Pavilion

Penang Global City Center

Jesse Reiser &
Nanako
Umemoto
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport

Kaohsiung Port Terminal

Taipei Pop Music Center


ZAHA
HADID
THE PIONEER OF PARAMETRIC DESIGN
She creates designs out of fluids and geometric shapes with so much ease and elegance
This project is the ultimate example of fluids being transformed in a perfect interconnected building
UNDULATIONS
BIFURCATION
FOLDS
INFLECTIONS
Each wave-like sections houses a different function and has its own identity and meaning but when put together, they create a continuous undulating surface, molded by the various parts of the building.
MODELING
PARAMETRIC
Manipulation of solid models with specific parameter valuations & constraints.

2 types namely
;
-
Propagation based
- compute from known to unknowns with a model.
-
Constraint based
Propagation-based modelling system:
The spreadsheet acts as parametric model
and the cell is one the users form relationships describing data flow from one cell to another.
Constraint-based modeling system:
Specifies entities within a model that must be maintained.
Classification of constraints
- Equational constraints ie:
dimensional parameters
- Geometrical constraints
eg; distance , angles.

- Semantic constraints
eg. Shape conditions

- Topological constraints
eg; connectivity

CONSTRUCTION
AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS

BMW Welt, Museum and Plant

Location: Munich Germany (2003-2007)
Architect: Coop Himmelb
Site Area: 25,000m2
GFA: 73,000m2

FRAME WORK SHELL
Consists of; 1) horizontal rings, 2) two ascending diagonal bands
Rectangular hollow
Roof support system/double cone
Triangular panes
Spiral-shaped diagonal bands
Roof structure (16,000m2)
Cushioned-shaped upper grid
Consists of;
- upper grid layer
- lower grid layer.


Diagonal truss braces arranged in
a staggered-like pattern

Beijing National Stadium

Location: North 4th ring, Beijing.
Architect: Jacques Herzog , Piere de Meuron
GFA: 254,600m2
Volume: 3 million m3 .
Contains: Approx. 80,000 pax

ETFE (ethylenetetrafluoroethylene)
Fluorine based plastic film, it is installed by welding.

Properties
- Highly flexible
- High levels of heat retention
- Light weight material
- Fire and temperature resistant
- Low maintainence
- Energy saving

COMMON
MATERIALS
Steel and Stainless Steel

Properties
- Ductility
- Durability
- Malleability
- High strength
- Conductivity
Glass

Properties
- High tensile, compressive
and impact strength.
- Light transmission
- Fire-resistant glass

Timber

Properties
Thermal effect
Provides good acoustics
Environmentally friendly
Strong and light weight
Cost effective
comfortability
The bowl
ETFE membranes between steelworks
Roof structure (313mx266m)
HANGZHOU OLYMPIC SPORTS CENTER
CASE STUDY II:
The design of the stadium envelope is based on a modular system of sculptural steel trusses which provide
shade and house the arena’s technical systems
NBBJ used computational design tools during schematic design and design development.

Rhinoceros 3D with the Grasshopper plug-in were instrumental tools for the design and documentation
The algorithm for defining the geometry of the exterior shell.
Parametric Optimization - Facade modularity
FUTURE OF PARAMETRICISM
AND GLOBALISATION
Patrick Schumacher
: ‘Parametricism the
only movement for the digital age’
Is Parametricism the

defining architectural style
of the digital age, or just one of many design
movements
?
"Parametricism is a fundamental rethinking of the primary constituting elements of architecture"
"You can also use digital tools in traditional architecture. But Parametricism is the only clear direction which can fully utilise the new opportunities of computational tools whereas other movements such as Minimalism, Neo-Classicism and High-Tech Modernism do not."
There is a global convergence in recent avant-garde architecture that justifies the enunciation of a new style: Parametricism
The style is rooted in digital animation techniques based on advanced parametric design systems and scripting techniques
Parametricism is the great new style after modernism
Penang Global City Center
Busan Opera House
Stuttgart City
Econnected City, Damasco
Son-O-House
Burnham Pavilion
G. I. School, Mumbai
Parametric design is the newest
most advanced tool for designers and architects
Thank You
Home PC > Arch. Software (Weisberg 2008)

Jaroslaw Ceborski (24 October 2010)
1821. Geometrical Analysis and Geometry of Curve Lines. Second edition. Edinburgh
1837. “On the Drawing of Figures of Crystals.” The American Journal of Science and Arts
1839. “On the Nature of the Molecular Forces which Regulate the Constitution of the Luminiferous Ether.” Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 7: 97-112.
Daniel Davis, 6 August 2013, A History Of Parametric
Weisberg, David. 2008. “The Engineering Design Revolution: The People, Companies and Computer Systems that Changed Forever the Practice of Engineering.”
Jabi, Wasim. 2008. “Parametric Design for Architecture.” May 2005-2008. http://www.bdonline.co.uk/
Witold Rybczynski, Hon. “Lost Amid the Algorithms.” July 11, 2013.
http://www.architectmagazine.com/
NBBJ, 2010, Hangzhou Olympic Sports Center | NBBJ
http://www.nbbj.com/work/hangzhou-stadium/
Miller, N. 2009. The Proving Ground by Nathan Miller: December 2009.
http://www.theprovingground.org/2009_12_01_archive.html
Miller, N. 2009. The Proving Ground by Nathan Miller: December 2009.
http://www.theprovingground.org/2009_12_01_archive.html
Miller, N. 2009. The Proving Ground by Nathan Miller: December 2009.
http://www.theprovingground.org/2009_12_01_archive.html
Ramchurn, R. 2013. Schumacher: ‘Parametricism the only movement for the digital age’.
http://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/news/schumacher-parametricism-the-only-movement-for-the-digital-age/8654696.article
What is Parametric design?
Designingbuildings.co.uk. 2014. ETFE - Designing Buildings
http://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/ETFE
ArchDaily. 2009. BMW Welt / Coop Himmelb(l)au.
http://www.archdaily.com/29664/bmw-welt-coop-himmelblau/
Designingbuildings.co.uk. 2014. Beijing National Stadium - Designing Buildings.
http://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Beijing_National_Stadium
Singhal, S. 2013. BMW Welt in Munich, Germany by Coop Himmelb(l)au.
http://www10.aeccafe.com/blogs/arch-showcase/2013/09/03/bmw-welt-in-munich-germany-by-coop-himmelblau/?interstitial_displayed=Yes.

Country: Azerbaijan
City: Baku
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects.
Levels: 5
Site area: 111,292 m2
Built area: 52,417 m2
Foot print: 15,514 m2
Houses: Museum, Performance Hall, Library
Cost: $250 Million
R
SITE PLAN & SITE SECTION
SECTIONS
FLOOR PLANS
CONSTRUCTION PHASE
INTERIOR
ELEVATIONS
EXTERIOR

"
Form Powers Function
"
The goal of parametricism is to adopt the scenography and dropback to formality. (Toliva,2014)
Arguments:
In parametricism every fluid shape has function
There are some form that function better.
Cruz, C. (2012). Wright’s Organic architecture: from form follows function to form and function are one.CLOUD-CUCKOO-LAND. Retrieved from
http://cloud-cuckoo.net/en/issues/current-issue/

Eisenman, P.( 2004). Notes On Conceptual Architecture. New York: Walker Art Center.

Schumacher Patrik, Parametricism- A New Global Style for Architecture and Urban Design, AD Architectural Design- Digital Cities, vol 79, no. 4, July/August 2009

Refernces
C
ONTENT
O
F
P
RESENTATION
INTRODUCTION OF ZAHA HADID
INTRODUCTION OF PARAMETRICISM
OTHER EXAMPLES OF PARAMETRICISM
PRECEDENT STUDY
1
3
4
2
Form
and
Function
in
Parametric
Architecture


Background
Contradiction between form and function in architecture

What if we live in a building without form?
"
We shape our buildings: there after they shape us
"


Le Cor busier
In parametricism free posibility of spaces
First side: Parametric architecture is from more than function
Second side: Parametric architecture is from that power function
In parametricism aesthetic materials but also useful
Conclusion
found that form powers function

Debate of Paramericism is the
"
only
"
style for 21st century (Schumacher, 2011).
Louis Sullivan-1898
"
Form Follows Function
"
Frank Lloyd Wright
"
Form and Function are one
"
Peter Eisenman
"
Function Follows Form
"
Functional Parametricism
Yokohama Cruise Terminal-Japan
Foreign Office Architects
Formal Parametricism
Louis Vuitton Foundation-Paris-Architect Frank Gehry
Patrick Schumacher
"
Form Powers Function
"
Arguments:
In parametricism every fluid shape has function
There are some form that function better.
Cruz, C. (2012). Wright’s Organic architecture: from form follows function to form and function are one.CLOUD-CUCKOO-LAND. Retrieved from
http://cloud-cuckoo.net/en/issues/current-issue/

Eisenman, P.( 2004). Notes On Conceptual Architecture. New York: Walker Art Center.

Schumacher Patrik, Parametricism- A New Global Style for Architecture and Urban Design, AD Architectural Design- Digital Cities, vol 79, no. 4, July/August 2009

Refernces
Company Profile and Field of Expertise
Established in 1980
Based in London, UK
950 projects, 44 countries, 400 staff
All scales, all sectors
Synchronicity with surroundings
Website
MAXXI
Museo Nazionale delle Arti Del XXI Secolo
Rome, Italy
Guangzhou Opera House
Theater Seats 1,800

"Like pebbles in a stream
smoothed by erosion
"

-Zaha Hadid Architects

The London Aquatics Center

Location:
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Stratford, England

Location:
Guangzhou,
Guangdong Province
Peoples Republic of China
Inspired by fluid geometry of water in Motion
-Zaha Hadid Architects
Diving Platforms
462 Tonnes of Concrete

3 Pools
10 Million Litres of Water
Olympic Seating: 17,500
Regular Seating: 2,500
Additional Seating: 1,000
INNOVATION
MULTICULTURALISM
INTERDISCIPLINARY
-Zaha Hadid Architects

Confluent Lines
Glass
Steel
Cement
MAXXI Art
MAXXI Architecture
2010 Sterling Prize
Design Approach
Innovation
Geometry
Technology
Beauty.
Design Style
INTRODUCTION OF
Z
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H
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DESIGN WORK
Know for her modern, curving designs

Expressing a sense of motion

Baroque Modernism

Multiple perspective points and fragmented geometry to evoke the chaos of modern life
2
3
4
5
6
Negative principles
Avoid rigid forms
PRINCIPLES OF PARAMETRICISM
No Simple Repetition
No Pure Difference
(Avoid collage of isolated, unrelated elements)
Lack of variety
lack of order
Rejected classical,traditional & modern Architecture design principles
Positive principles
Soft forms
Differentiation
Correlation
Lack of variety
can use these principles to critic and improvement
Principles ?
Source of inspiration ?

NATURE
COMPLEX VARIEGATED ORDER
Intelligent!
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