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Past Perfect

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by

Riham Faden

on 15 October 2015

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Transcript of Past Perfect

Past Perfect
Past Perfect Form
How Do We Form a Past Perfect?
Past Perfect
Basic Form:
Subject + Had + V.3 (Past Participle).
Had not
We use the
Past Perfect
to show that an event in the past
finished
before
another event in the past
started
.
I
had studied
English before I
moved
to Tampa.

They
decided
to buy a car after the old one
had broken
down.
1st action
Past Perfect

HAD STUDIED
HAD BROKEN
2nd action
Past

MOVED
DECIDED
Past Perfect
Presented by: Riham, Safa, Bayan.
THE PAST OF THE PAST
"TWO EVENTS"

happened in the past
,
one event

before

another event
.
- regular verbs:
Adding (ed) to the base verb.
You had
worked
late.
He had
cleared
the table.
- verbs that end in an - e:
Adding (d) to the base verb.
I had
lived
there.
He had c
losed
the window.
- verbs that end a - y:
Here (y) (i), Add (ed).
He had
spied
on his neighbors.
We had
studied
hard.
- irregular verbs:
The past participle has a unique past perfect form.
She had
bought
some flowers at the market.
We had
run
the marathon.

Past Perfect Use 2
1- Past perfect is often used in a
because clause
to show that something happened before the verb in the main clause.


He only
understood
the movie
because
he
had read
the book.
2- In past sentence with the superlative form, the past perfect is used with
ever
.


It was the strongest piece of music I
had ever heard
.
Past Perfect Use 2
Past Perfect Use 2
3- Past perfect can be used in a
noun clause
when the main verb is past.


4- The past perfect can be used in an
adjective clause
.

I meet the girl who I
had contacted
online.
Let's watch this short video
Past Perfect Use 1
1- The past perfect can be used with
by + time reference.

The past perfect
shows
that something occurred
before
that time.

By 10.am yesterday, it

had started

snow.

Past Perfect Use 1
2- The past perfect can used in a sentence with
a time clause
.
The
time clause
shows the later past event and uses the
simple past
.
The
main clause
shows the earlier past event and uses the
past perfect
.
Time clause:
- Second action
- Use the simple past.
- Begin with: by the time, until, when, up to the time, before, after, etc.
2 after 1 - 1 before 2

Main clause:
- First action.
- Use the past perfect
by the time she

arrived
, we
had played
card.
I
had never heard
of the titanic
until I
read
the article about it today.
Past Perfect Use 1
3-
Never

before or not
...
Yet
can be used in the
main clause
to emphasize the earlier time.

They
had not yet left
to Tokyo by this time yesterday.
I was sure that I
had never seen
him before.

The past perfect can be used in the
main clause
with
for + a time period
to show the duration of the earlier past action.

I
had been
at turkey
for one week
when my grandfather died.

Past Perfect Use 1
4- In sentences with a
time clause
that begins with
before or after
, the past perfect is optional in the main clause. Often the simple past is used in both clause.

Before
he
arrived
, we

had played
card.
5- We can start with a past sentence and
follow it with a past perfect
sentence to go further back in time.

It
was
1991. The hospital
had already been
built
We use the past perfect when we talk about two action that happened in the past, but one action happen before another
Full transcript