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The Life of a Water Bottle
Transcript of The Life of a Water Bottle
Plastic...but what are the materials used to make plastic?
Petroleum, also known as crude oil. Now it's time for the extraction. Some plastics are made from bioplastics made of plant material to help protect the environment by minimizing the impact on the earth. NEGATIVE IMPACT: OIL EXTRACTION. Oil extraction is dangerous to the planet, for there is always the risk or chance that an oil spill may occur which affects the purity of the sea as well as sea and marine life. Oil fires are also a common disaster, caused by combustion or explosion of oil fields that create huge and polluting oil fires. This here is an oil fire. Note: Monomers and polymers are found in plastic, not petroleum/crude oil.
Carbon and hydrogen is found in crude oil. Oil extraction is performed all over the world- from the Middle east to Nigeria. Fractional distillation is a type of distillation where a mixture is boiled at a specific boiling point that allows one part of the mixture to evaporate than condensate back into a different container, so the end result is a separated mixture. Fractional distillation is a common way to separate oil for it's different uses- petroleum gas, chemicals, diesel fules, petrol for vehicles, jet fuel, fuels for ships, factories, heating and lighting. Polyethylene terephtalate, the type of plastic used to make most water bottles, are made by mixing hydrocarbons that were separated from the crude oil with chemical catalysts (a substance that increases or speeds up the rate of chemical reaction) which triggers polymerization (creating polymers!) Then plastic pellets are created. Plastic pellets are cylinder like objects made of plastic which can later be melted to expand and become the shape of a plastic water bottle. After use There are three main things that happen to a water bottle after being used- it is either re-used, thrown out or recycled. The best choice out of all of these is probably recycling, but re-using is okay; at least then the materials are not gone to waste and it is a while before it does damage to the earth. Throwing out the water bottle leads to it being taken to a fill dump for it to be broken down and decompose, but we all know plastic is not a great biodegradable item. In fact, plastic takes maybe a hundred years or more to biodegrade and become a part of the earth...until then, it's just another piece of garbage in a huge junk-filled dump that causes pollution and takes up valuable space. Throwing out a water bottle might also refer to "litter," and in that case it's even worse, for it might end up in the wrong place such as the ocean, where innocent animals may find it and mistake it for food or it will become sea-litter, over-all polluting the water and earth. Recyling the water bottle means the plastic will be used again but in a different way. It could possibly be used for art-work, or be compressed so the plastic can create other things. I, myself, can cut down on the usage of plastic water bottles by going out and buying a re-usable one. If you think about it, it's really a good idea for it will save you money and help the earth- it's a win-win situation, for all you have to do is fill it up with water! Note: All this shipping is also a negative environmental impact for it adds to the pollution in the air. Bibliography: