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Top 10 Battles of the Civil War

C.J. Gromley and Keegan Hanifan
by

Charles Gromley

on 6 December 2010

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Transcript of Top 10 Battles of the Civil War

Top 10 Battles of the Civil War Fort Sumter April 10th, 1861
In a Habor in Charleston, SC
Key Ind. for Union-Lincoln
Key Inds. fo Confederacy- Jefferson Davis and General Beauregard
This was the first battle of the civil war, officialy
marking the begin of conflict between the states.
The Union didn't surrender the garrison to show they would not backdown, so the Confederacy bombarded the island. Ended in Confederacy Victory First Battle of Bull Run July 1861
Manassas Creek, Virginia
Key Ind. Confederacy- General P.G.T. Beauregard This set the precedent of how the war
was going to be. Union soldiers thought the war would be over quick, and people lined the hilltops to watch the battle. The ntrained Union army of 35,000 was turned back by a Confederate force of just 25,000 and 2,300 reinforcements, sowing the war was not going to be as easy as thought. Gettysburg July 1-3 1863
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Union- George E. Meade
CSA- Robert E. Lee
Was the turnng point of the Civil War for the Union
Vicksburg May 19 and 22 1863
Located in Vicksburg, Mississippi
Union - Ulysses S. Grant
CSA- John C. Pemberton
Cut off communication for the CSA forces in the Trans Mississippi area and combined with the loss at Gettysburg the previous day the battle of Vicksburg severly damaged the Confederates morale Fort Henry 1st Important Union victory opened up the Tennessee river to the Union Feburary 6, 1862 Location near and on the Tennessee river Union- Grant, Foote
CSA- Lloyd, Tilghman Shiloh Apirl 6-7 1862
Union
Maj. Gen.
Ulysses S. Grant, USA

Maj. Gen.
Don Carlos Buell, USA
CSA
Gen.
Albert Sidney Johnston, CSA

Gen.
P. G. T. Beauregard, CSA Harden County, Tennessee Most Costly Battle till that point in time.
Allowed for the 2 Union Armies to combine, and ended Confederates hope of Blocking Union attempts to enter Mississippi Second Battle of Bull Run August 28-30 1862
Union-John Pope
CSA- Robert E. Lee Located Prince William County, VA Was another CSA victory in a long series of them,
demoralizing Union troops and showing yet again how the War will be long fought with heavy casualties Antietam September 17, 1862
Sharpsburg, Maryland
CSA- Robert E. Lee
Union- McClellan
Bloodiest single battle in American History Appomattox April 9th, 1865
Appomattox Court House, VA
Union-Grant
CSA- Lee
General Lee's final Battle. He surrenders at 4 p.m. that day after his forces are defeated, the next day giving his farewell address. This led to a domino effect of surrenders among other CSA generals Shermans March to the Sea
Sherman's March to the Sea is the common name given to the Savannah Campaign conducted around Georgia during November-December 1864
Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union
The campaign started with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21.
It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure of the south.
Also to civilian property relentlessly destroyed.
Sherman defied military principles by operating deep within enemy territory and without lines of supply or communication.
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