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Text Features

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by

Kimberley White

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Text Features

Text Features
What are Text Features?
Authors include text features to help the reader better understand what they have read.

Text features provide information that may not be written in the text itself.

Text features can be found in textbooks, magazine articles, newspapers, reports, web pages, and other forms of nonfiction text.

Types of Informational Text Features
Print Features:
Guides readers through the pattern of organization.

Graphic Aids:
Represents information in some specific visual way.

Organizational Aids:
Helps reader find important information.

Standard: Use text features, such as chapter titles, headings and subheading; parts of books, including index, appendix, table of contents and online tools (search engines) to locate information.
Before and After with Text Features
Before After
Photographs/ Illustrations
Photos and illustrations give information in a visual way.
They help tell the story.
They work with the words and headings to help teach material.
Helps the reader
understand exactly what something looks like.

Tables, Charts, Graphs
Tables organize large amounts of information in a small space.
Tables present all kinds of data, from numbers and amounts, to calendars and menus.
Helps the reader
summarize and compare information in the text.

Located in the front of a book.

Lists the major parts of a book along with their page numbers.

Helps the Reader:
identify key topics in the book and the order they are presented in.

Table of Contents
Index
Located in the back of the book.
Is an alphabetical listing of the key names, terms, events, and topics with page numbers.
Helps the Reader
use the index to help find pages that contain information they are looking for.

Glossary
A list of key terms in alphabetical order.
Each key word is defined.
Sometimes a glossary also tells you how to pronounce a word.

Helps the readers
better learn and understand the subject by learning key terms to find out their meaning.

The style and color of the text sends the reader signals about how to read the content.

Key words to notice are in bold or in color.

Helps the reader:
by signaling the word is important/or is found in the glossary.

Bold Print
Italics
The style and color of the text sends the reader signals about how to read the content.
Text in italics is used in picture captions, book titles, and any other element that needs to stand out.

Helps the reader
understand the word is important.
Bullets (or bullet points) are small dots, squares, dashes or graphics that begin a short descriptive phrase.

Helps the reader
emphasize key points and concepts.

Bullet Points
Titles
Titles tell the reader the topic of the text.

Titles show the main idea of the text.

Helps the reader
by letting them know what they are about to read.

Headings and Subheadings
Headings and Subheadings divide the text into sections.

They are printed in large or bold type to make them stand out.

Helps the reader
to locate information in the text by telling them where to look.

Captions
A caption explains what is shown in a picture or illustration.

Helps the reader
understand a picture or photo graph.

Diagrams
A diagram is a drawing that shows or explains something.
To understand a diagram the reader should read the titles, labels, captions, and numbered parts.
Help the reader
understand steps, how objects are made, or information in the text.

Maps
Maps are drawings that show the basic shape of the land and other geographical, political, or historical features.
They present information in a visual form.

Helps the reader
understand where an event happens, how far away an event took place, and where things are in the world.

Timelines show important events in chronological order or time order.

Helps the reader
better understand the order of events and how one event may have lead to another.

Timelines
Full transcript