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Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement

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Tobias Gebler

on 15 May 2015

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Transcript of Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement

3. King´s philosophy of non-violence and his "dream"
4. The Civil Rights Movement and the Arab Spring
1. King´s Biography: How he became a dreamer
Martin Luther King
&
The Civil Rights Movement

1. Who was King and how he became a dreamer ?
3. What was his philosophy of non - violence about and what was his "dream" ?
2. What were the most important protest campaigns of the Civil Rights Movement ?
4. What is the link between the Civil Rights Movement and the Arab Spring ?
Christianity
Commitment to blacks
First experiences
with segregation
Non-violent principles and strategies (Gandhi)
The idea of non-cooperation
with an evil system
Several assassination attempts by segregationists and arrests
Assassination of President Kennedy and violent suppression
Principles:
- Non-violence is a way of life
- Non-violence tries to win friend-
ship and understanding
- Non-violence tries to defeat
violence and not unjust people
- Voluntary suffering is essential
- Non-violence causes love not
hate
->
Gandhi
Strategy:
1. collection of facts to determine
whether injustice exists
2. The negotiation -> try to find a
just solution in the opponents
view
3. Self-purification (voluntary
suffering)
4. The non-violent campaign
Goal:
- the Beloved Community
- global vision
- no utopia
- based on brotherhood
and sisterhood
- people work together
and share their wealth
- integration of the Blacks in
the white society (reconciliation)
- essential value: The
"desinterested love" (agape)
Me and my paper about Dr. King
2. Significant protest campaigns of the
Civil Rights Movement
The Montgomery Bus-Boycott 1956-1957
The March on Washington for Job and Freedom 1963
Successful non-violent campaigns
Nobel Peace Prize 1964
Segregation
in:


- Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man
- Civil Rights leaders met with a group of the Christian ministry among them King
- appeal to black population to boycott buses
- one year later, the court ruled that segregation laws for buses are unconstitutional
- goal was to achieve a comprehensive Civil Rights Bill
- August 1963 200,000 people marched to Washington
- at Lincoln Memorial King gave his famous "I have a dream" speech
- the results were the first drafts of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
Full transcript