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Transcript of 1770
The American Revolution
The build up to the revolution
With the end of the French and Indian war in 1763, the British Empire was in massive debt and began to impose taxes on the American Colonist. Among these were, The Sugar Act, The Stamp Act, and Townshend Act. Cries for liberty and representation in the English Parliament (Government). In 1770 the Boston Massacre occurs.
The Boston Tea Party and the powder keg
Tension continue to rise between the British Government and the Colonist. In 1773 the Sons of Liberty dump tea into Boston harbor in Protest to the Tea Act know as the Boston Tea party. In response the British impose the Intolerable acts and imposed a blockade of Boston Harbor until the damages are paid for.
The War Begins
The American colonies grow divided as Patriots and Loyalist draw sides. In April of 1775 the war officially begins at Lexington and Concord with a skirmish between the American Militia and British Soldiers. King George III declares the colonies in open rebellion and peace talks cease. The Battle of Bunker Hill follows in June of 1775 where 500 Militia men fought British Soldier outside of Boston. The Continental army is officially made with Washington as its General in June of 1775.
The Early Years of the War
The American Revolution continued with the Siege of Boston. Colonial forces surrounded Boston which was held by the British until they were forced to retreat by sea on March 17th of 1776. The Battle of New York followed when Washington marched his army to defend the key harbor city. Washington and his men were defeated and forced to retreat across the East River under the cover of night October 28th of 1776.
The war continues
The war continues to rage across the colonies. The Colonial army finds itself on the retreat, winning only a small victories at Trenton and Saratoga but were forced to surrender Philadelphia. Hope came after the Battle of Monmouth that end in a stalemate but proved to Spain and France that Colonist have a chance of winning the war. France enters the war on the side of the American Colonist in 1778, and with it the powerful French Navy.
The Southern Campaign and Battle of Yorktown.
The British army having difficulty in the North against Washington and his Generals moved to attack the South counting on African American help. The campaign went well at first but the British lost the key battle of Cowpens. In the North at the Battle of Yorktown, 1781 the British forces were stuck between Washington and the sea. The French navy engaged the British navy and the British army could not retreat to the sea and were forced to surrender. It was the last major battle of the Revolution.
The end of the Revolution
The war officially ended in 1783 with the signing of the treaty of Paris. The British were forced to recognize the newly created United States of America. The long process of creating a new nation and government began.