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Oscar Wilde's Influences

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on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Oscar Wilde's Influences

Who and What Wilde Read
Hegel - German Philosopher (balance)

Immanuel Kant - German Philospher (fundamental concepts structure human emotion)

Arthur Schopenhauer - German Philospher (dissatisfied will)

William Kingdon Clifford - English Mathematecian and Philosopher
Who and What Wilde Read (continued)
Henry Thomas Buckle - English Historian

Herbert Spencer - English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, socialologist and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian Era

Thomas Carlyle - Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher during the Victorian Era

Classical playwrights & Poets - Virgil, Homer, Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophecles
Romanticism
John Ruskin
8th February 1819 - 20 January 1900
Introduction
Wilde's influences fall into 4 main categories
1. His lecturers at Oxford
2. What he read (to an extent who)
3. Who he met
4. Movements and Ideologies
Oscar Wilde's Influences
Algernon Charles Swinburne
5th April 1837 - 10th April 1909
English poet, playwright, novelist & critic
Attended Oxford
A decadent poet
Alcoholic, but to what extent he indulged his vices is unclear
"a braggart in matters of vice, who had done everything he could to convince his fellow citizens of his homosexuality and bestiality without being in the slightest degree a homosexual or a bestialiser." Oscar Wilde
Walter Pater
4th August 1839 - 30 July 1894
Essayist, Literary and Art critic, Fiction writer
Wrote about Coleridge, William Morris, Leonardo Da Vinci, Sandro Botecelli and Michelangelo
An Aesthete
Studies in the History of Renaissance 1873
A collection of essays and writings critiquing renaissance artists and writers that formed the basis of Wilde's beliefs (true truth vs factual truth)
"All art constantly aspires towards the condition of music"
Leading English Art Critic of the Victorian Era
Art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, prominent social thinker and philanthropist
First Slade professor of Fine Art at Oxford
Believed that all great Art should communicate an understanding and Appreciation of nature

John Addington Symonds
5th October 1840 - 19th April 1893
English Lecturer, Poet and Biographer
Introduction to the Study of Dante (1872)
Studies of the Greek Poets (1873-1876)
Bombastic and over-the-top style, that enthralled young Wilde
A Problem of Greek Ethics (1873)
Robert Baldwin "Robbie" Ross
25th May 1869 - 5th October 1918
Journalist, Art Critic and Dealer
Open homosexuality
Allegedly Wilde's first male lover
After Wilde's death he became the literary executor of Wilde's works
Editer and Collaborater to Wilde
Decadence Movement
William Morris
24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896
English textile designer, poet,novelist, translator and socialist activist
Helped establish the modern fantasy genre
Aestheticism
Victorian High Society
https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/w/wilde/oscar/salome/preface.html
Full transcript