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Frederick Douglass

HIST 1013

stephanie lopez

on 13 October 2014

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Transcript of Frederick Douglass

My topic is Frederick Douglass, who is also known as one of the greatest American orators. He is widely appreciated for his cooperation in the emancipation of the slaves in America; also for the later passing of their citizenship, and right to vote. I researched and became familiar with his past as a slave, but most of my research focused around the relationship of his personal experiences to his bold, skeptical, and persistent character, (not so much on his historical accomplishes.) I also focused on the point of his career where he was fiercely fighting for the freedom of slaves. Hence, this puts my topic between 1840-1880.
My chosen scholars
Bernard R. Boxill "Frederick Douglass's Patriotism."- studies social and political philosophy and African American philosophy. He is the author of Blacks and Social Justice (1984), editor of Race and Racism (2001), and is currently finishing A History of African American Political Thought: From Martin Delany to the Present, and Boundaries and Justice, on international ethics and distributive justice.
Patsy Brewington Perry "Before The North Star: Frederick Douglass' Early Journalistic Career."- is an educator, administrator born Jul 17, 1933, Greensboro, North Carolina. She has an extensive education with a BA and MA from the North Carolina Central University by 1955 and then her doctorates in1972. She has been awarded as a Notable Black American Woman, the Jessie Smith, 1991, Silver Medallion Award for Excellence in Education, the Durham Research Award, and the Women of Vision Award in Educational Leadership.
Benjamin A. Quarles. "Frederick Douglass and the Woman's Rights Movement."-attended at Shaw University , the oldest historically black college in the South, where he earned a B.A. in 1931. Later, Quarles went to the University of Wisconsin, and earned an M.A. in 1933 and a Ph.D. in 1940. He also taught at his alma mater and at Dillard University. Quarles rose to full professor and dean at Dillard, then relocated in 1953 to Morgan State University in Baltimore, and stayed there for the rest of his career. Quarles published ten books, twenty-three major articles, and hundreds of shorter pieces of different sorts. Many African American scholars referenced to Quarles hence being one of the principal transitional figures whose great accomplishments helped to open opportunities for many other African American scholars.
Sources from Frederick Douglass himself
"Frederick on the Desire for Freedom." from
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
What did I actually learn?...
I particularly enjoyed reading and analyzing the different points of view that each source revealed, especially those from the scholarly journals.
I learned both political culture e.g. the ruling of the elite in Ohio's government, and colonial people culture e.g. the dissing of the abolitionists down in the South.
What especially struck me as a great revelation, was the fact that no matter how many civil right movements pass along history, we achieve liberty and equality for one group only to realize that another group is still suffering from national maltreatment. For example, the millions of immigrants holding onto the hope of achieving citizenship, or the many same-sex couples holding onto the hope of a marriage. History just seems to keep on repeating itself sometimes.
Works Cited
For scholars' Info:
"Department of Philosophy." Department of Philosophy. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.
"Quarles, Benjamin A. (1904-1996) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." Quarles, Benjamin A. (1904-1996) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.
Bernard R. Boxill "Frederick Douglass's Patriotism."
Bernard Boxill analyzes the change of heart and opinion Douglass undergoes considering his patriotism. Early in his career, Douglass claims of having no patriotism or connection to the U.S, all the while still demanding freedom and equality for African Americans. But after his stay in England, Douglass subtly reveals that he may indeed be a patriot even if he still tries not to love his country, who maltreated him. At first Boxill displays Douglass’ claim of having no patriotism due to not belonging to a country, and Douglass disclaims being a citizen of a country who is ruled by a Constitution that is pro-slavery. One reason behind Douglass’ lack of patriotism may be due to resenting the U.S’s lack of appreciation and/or respect of the slaves for building the nation. Boxill also mentioned, Douglass was a patriot and lover of the foundation of the United States and the true intentions of the Constitution; and he was only in denial of being a patriot due to the miscarrying of the Constitution by his present political leaders. The question of why he decided to take on great projects to change the U.S exists due to the fact that Douglass “owes nothing to his country but is owed everything by it.” Douglass’ did not love the U.S, and felt he was not a member of the union. He thought the “U.S was simply too wicked for him to love.” “Being the citizen of a country and it being one’s country are different things.”
I had never done an annotated bibliography, so this was a good project to gain some experience
And I learned that finding, reading, and analyzing sources is much harder and time consuming than it seems.
During this time period of the mid-1800's...
Abolitionism was already a widely known topic with wide acceptance from the North colonies; but seen as a great threat and nuisance to the South plantation owners.
America was seen as a hipocrite and mockery to the her world- known "liberty" by Douglass and many others
At this time, the hatred of abolitionists from the south is revealed what greatly buffered the liberty of the slaves at the time; and also made Douglass fight for all of his adulthood.
Douglass' life centered around abolitionism and fighting for equality, therefore, if it was not for the slavery and injustices in colonial America, Douglass' name would not be recorded in history.

Patsy Brewington Perry "Before The North Star: Frederick Douglass' Early Journalistic Career."
Patsy Perry accounts Douglass’ indecisiveness of becoming the publisher of his newspaper The North Star. It encompasses his tour of giving speeches along the colonies with his companion Garrison, and building up his fame as one of the greatest orators of the time. The Excerpt uses letters of Douglass submitted to the Standard newspaper, and other primary sources to outline his journeys. His letters demonstrate the maltreatment, reproach, and racism abolitionists suffered; and they connect to Douglass’ resentment towards the corrupted U.S.
William Loyd Garrison is described to have been a great influence to Douglass, even to persuading him into holding off his publishing career.
An interesting colonial political fact is exposed when Douglass describes the shameful black laws and how they are still in place due to states' politicians being connected to the elite a.k.a plantation owners. This is a problem even present states may face, the laws of their state do not always exemplify the will or inclination of the individual for ex. Texas and their law prohibiting immigrants driver’s license.
Benjamin A. Quarles. "Frederick Douglass and the Woman's Rights Movement."
Benjamin Quarles’ journal reviews the contributions of Frederick Douglass in the Woman’s Suffrage movement. One of his greatest aids to the movement was his publication and “advertisement” of the movement conventions in his papers, The North Star and Frederick Douglass’ Papers; once again proving his power and control of language as a means of promoting social progression. During this time, Douglass; career solely revolved around the obtainment of true, “absolute justice and perfect equality;” something Douglass believed to have been corrupted from the Constitution.
An interesting fact found in the beginning of the journal concerns with the risk of humiliation men supportive of the Woman’s Movement, because it relates, to the semi-modern dilemma of “straight” people supporting LGBT rights. I connect Douglass’ involvement in the Women’s Rights Movement as contributing evidence of his values of holding upright the true intentions of the U.S Constitution against the American population’s misconceptions and injustices.

"Frederick Douglass on the Fourth of July (1852)" -speech
"Frederick on the Desire for Freedom." from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
"Frederick Douglass on the Fourth of July (1852)" -speech
--Written by Frederick Douglass in 1845 in order to clear any doubts of him ever being a slave. Many doubted him due to his perfect English and speaking.
--Delivered in 1852, Douglass' speech was a reality check for the jolly Americans in the midst of their Independence celebration. This is one of my favorite American speeches, because I can relate it to the America of today; who claims to hold the American dream and land of the free, yet my immigrant, tax-paying parents are still considered criminals for simply living here.
This excerpt describes the doors and ideas that literacy gave to the 12 yr. old Douglass, and at the same time the curse of inducing his thirst for escape and liberty. In his readings of the Liberator, he learned of the concept of "abolition". Here he also learned of the hypocrisy of the present America, and directly explains the bitterness with which his Fourth of July speech was delivered; and also supports Boxill's claim that he lacked patriotism and respect to the U.S. due to its misrepresentation of the Constitution.
Boxill, Bernard R. "Frederick Douglass's Patriotism." The Journal of Ethics. Vol. 13. New York: Springer, 2009. 301-17. Print.
Douglass delivered this speech at Rochester, New York, on July 5, 1852 and directed it to the president and all Americans who were celebrating the freedom of the colonies with soaring patriotism. I especially love this speech not only for my personal relation, but also because it illuminates the bold character of Douglass, I mean who else disses their country on its birthday? It also illuminates Douglass' wish for America to truly follow what its Constitution claims, "Freedom and equality for all."
For this reason, this primary source directly supports Boxill's claim that Douglass was a patriot and lover of the foundation of the United States and the true intentions of the Constitution; and yet, had no love for the U.S, and felt he was not a member of the union, due to its hypocrisy.
Perry, Patsy Brewington. "Before The North Star: Frederick Douglass' Early Journalistic Career." Phylon (1960-) 35.1 (1974): 96-107. JSTOR. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Primary sources
Douglass, Frederick. "Frederick Douglass on the Desire for Freedom (1845)." Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. New York: Dover Publications, 1995. 23-26. Print.
Douglass, Frederick. "Frederick Douglass on the Fourth of July (1852)." My Bondage and My Freedom. New York: Arno, 1968. 441-45. Print.
Secondary sources
Boxill, Bernard R. "Frederick Douglass's Patriotism." The Journal of Ethics. Vol. 13. New York: Springer, 2009. 301-17. Print.
Perry, Patsy Brewington. "Before The North Star: Frederick Douglass' Early Journalistic Career." Phylon (1960-) 35.1 (1974): 96-107. JSTOR. Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Quarles, Benjamin. "Frederick Douglass and the Woman's Rights Movement." The Journal of Negro History 25.1 (1940): 35-44. JSTOR. Web. 10 Sept. 2014
The man who deserved better treatment from America
By: Stephanie Lopez
HIST 1013.10

Douglass' character is truly inspiring and relatable for me. Even though, I was not raised in such a dehumanizing situation as him, I also found an escape from my low social class status through education.
His boldness and desire for progression inspires me to also somehow aid my community in the future.
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