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Transcript of Managment
Managers set objectives, and decide how their organization can achieve them. This involves developing strategies, plans and precise tactics, and allocating resources of people and money. In management text books the four most talked about management styles are democratic, autocratic, bureaucratic and Laissez-faire. Selecting the correct management style will often lead to greater motivation and productivity from your staff. However, it is not as easy as just “picking” a style. Manager’s personalities and characteristics will influence the type of style adopted. For example a timid manager will find an autocratic management style difficult to adopt.
The democratic leadership style is a very open and collegial style of running a team. Ideas move freely amongst the group and are discussed openly.
The manager consults their team before making decisions, while still maintaining overall control. Team leaders decide how tasks will be addressed, and who will perform them, while never losing sight of the fact that the manager bears ultimate responsibility.
Bureaucratic Theory was developed by a German Sociologist and political economist Max Weber (1864-1920). According to him, bureaucracy is the most efficient form of organization. Bureaucratic managers like to make sure team members follow rules and procedures accurately and consistently. They expect staff to display a formal, business-like attitude in the workplace and to respect a strict chain of command, with the manager having final say in all decisions. This style can be effective in situations where safety is paramount
Student: Elvir Avdijaj
Subject: Business for English Studies
Profesor: Prof. Shqipe Husaj, M.Sc.
An autocratic style of leadership is when a leader makes a decision alone. The leader conveys the decision to staff and they have to work within the scope of that decision. This is a dictatorial style, where the person in charge has total authority and control over decision-making. They control the work of the team, and monitor the completion of each task under close scrutiny to ensure everything is completed on schedule and exactly to plan.
This is a 'hands off' approach, where the manager leaves their team to get on with the job themselves. The leader delegates many decisions . Laissez-faire leadership can be effective in situations where group members are highly skilled, motivated and capable of working on their own. While the conventional term for this style is 'laissez-faire' and implies a completely hands-off approach, many leaders still remain open and available to group members for consultation and feedback.
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