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Medicinal Plants of Belize

03/20/12
by

Tina Drake

on 6 April 2012

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Transcript of Medicinal Plants of Belize

Medicinas Caseras
Remedios Herbales
Medicinal Plants
Alternative Medicine
Traditional Medicine
Herbal Healing
Home Remedies
What are
home remedies?
Why are home remedies used?
Do they work?
Medicinas Caseras in BELIZE
History
Examples we saw
Phytotherapy
is the use of extracts from natural origins (like plants or herbs) as medicines or health-promoting agents
Ancient home remedies are the origins of many
modern medicines
Some simply cause a
placebo effect
People who use home remedies often
prefer them
to prescription medications
In some cases, medicinal plants are more
potent
than their modern pill equivalents
Tradition
Accessibility
Habit
Reliability
Confidentiality
Generations
of families and communities use the same healing techniques
Knowledge
is passed down from parents to children
Bonds of
trust
Users accept the
reliability
of the technique
Neighbors and friends within the same
community
share knowledge of remedies amongst each other
Repeated success of the treatment confirms the belief in its
effectiveness
In many communities, the plants used most often as remedies
grow

naturally
within the area or are cultivated in small gardens
Obtaining
the plant requires only a short walk
There is no
cost
Preparation
is usually simple and can be done at home
Prescription medications
, in contrast, require:
A visit to a doctor
A written prescription
A trip to the pharmacy
A long amount of time
Complicated instructions
A limited supply of medication
Transportation
Herbs
Fruits and Vegetables
Seeds
Teas
Ek' Balam
shrub (Mayan)
Yellow Balsam (common name)
Croton flavens L. (scientific name)
Resin was used by Mayans to seal blood vessels and has since been found to have tumor-fighting properties
Bakalche'
tree bark (Mayan)
Bourreria pulchra Millsp.
Bark was used by Mayans to treat and close wounds in muscle tissue
Cacao
tree beans
Theobroma cacao (Scientific)
Used by the Mayans to stimulate the nervous system, improve weight gain, digestion, and kidney and bowel function, among many other uses.
Chile
/ Pimiento
Chili Pepper
Capsicum sp. a Solanaceae
The Mayans used the tissues of the pepper for antimicrobial / antibiotic treatments
More than 100 Mayan medicinal plants have been documented
Nuts
General Types
"If
it works
for them it should work for me"
Becomes a
habitual
treatment
Social
influences
Teas that were treatments become
daily
habitual drinks
Herbs that were cures become seasonings in
food
Fruits with health benefits become
frequent
snacks
It can seem like these supplements are keeping the person
healthy
, even if no illness would have occurred without them
Increases
confidence
in the treatment
Good
reputation
of the treatment
Modesty
and
privacy
are important in many cultures
A visit to the doctor requires admitting to sometimes
embarassing
symptoms or causes
Home remedies are
private
if concealment is desired
A Presentation by:
Tina Drake
Catherine Van Doorn
Victoria Whitten
Special thanks to:
Dr. Patrick Hickey
Eileen "Eyes" Korpita
Impact of the Mayan Traditions
2000 B.C. - 1500 A.D.
Mayan culture existed without influence from the Spanish (until colonization in the 17th century)
Noni
Variegated Thyme
The "Guacamole" Tree
Soursap Leaf
Unknown Red Leaf
Cerasee
Full transcript